Weekly anb06148.txt #8

WEEKLY NEWS ISSUE of: 14-06-2001      PART #8/8

* Tunisie. Subventions à la presse des partis - Le 7 juin, le président tunisien Ben Ali a annoncé une majoration de 50% de la subvention accordée par l'Etat à la presse des partis, dont le montant était jusque là de 75.000 dinars (41.000 euros) par an. Cette mesure, la deuxième majoration du genre en l'espace de six mois, vise à permettre aux journaux des partis, spécialement ceux de l'opposition, "en butte à des difficultés" financières, à assurer "la régularité de leur parution et de leur diffusion". Le chef de l'Etat réaffirme par ailleurs sa "détermination à persévérer" dans la mise en place d'un système politique fondé sur la démocratie et le pluralisme, sans toutefois céder "à l'anarchie". (AP, 8 juin 2001)

* Tunisie/Libye. Ben Ali en visite en Libye - Le président tunisien Zine El Abidine Ben Ali effectuera une "visite de fraternité et de travail" en Libye, les 13 et 14 juin, à l'invitation du colonel Muammar Kadhafi. La Libye est le premier partenaire économique de la Tunisie dans le monde arabe et en Afrique. Tunis et Tripoli ont convenu de porter le volume de leurs échanges de 700 millions de dollars en 1999 à un milliard de dollars en 2001. Par ailleurs, plusieurs grands projets communs ont été mis en oeuvre ces dernières années, dont l'interconnexion de leurs réseaux électriques et l'exploitation d'un gisement pétrolier off-shore situé sur le plateau continental limitrophe des deux pays. (D'après AP, USA, 12 juin 2001)

* Uganda. NGOs under pressure - NGOs in Uganda face new stringent legislative and administrative measures. The 2001 Amendment Bill requires the 1500 NGOs in the country to renew their licences annually, thus amending existing provisions that required new NGOs to have their licences reviewed after the first year of operation and then after three years. NGOs still face a Registration Board which is closely affiliated to the President's Office. New administrative measures imposed by Resident District Commissioners (under the President) now require all NGOs to register, to declare their sources of finance, and to account for their funds. (Crespo Sebunya, ANB-BIA, Uganda, 30 May 2001)

* Uganda. Pfizer opens Ugandan AIDS centre - The pharmaceutical company Pfizer on 11 June launched an AIDS treatment training facility for sub-Saharan Africa. The move is the latest effort by multinational drug companies to counter the perception that their pricing policies and defence of patents have failed millions of poor being ravaged by the disease. The high-tech clinic, based in the Ugandan capital Kampala, will be run by an "academic alliance" of leading Ugandan and North American doctors, and act as a centre of excellence in a continent that is home to 27m of the world's 36m AIDS sufferers. Its founders hope it will train thousands of doctors across Africa in treatment strategies, as well as more traditional prevention techniques. Pfizer has offered up to $11m dollars over the next three years, and Hank McKinnell, the Pfizer chief executive, said his company hoped to maintain support for at least a decade. He urged others to follow suit. (Financial Times, UK, 12 June 2001)

* Ouganda. Pfizer: formation anti-sida - La firme pharmaceutique Pfizer, qui désire améliorer son image de marque, a ouvert en Ouganda un centre de formation pour le traitement du sida. L'hôpital hautement spécialisé à Kampala est géré par des médecins ougandais et américains et servira de centre d'étude pour le continent africain, qui compte 27 millions de sidéens. Les fondateurs espèrent y former des milliers de médecins dans le traitement du sida et les techniques préventives plus traditionnelles. Pfizer y investira 11 millions de dollars en trois ans et promet son aide pour une période de dix ans. (D'après De Standaard, Belgique, 13 juin 2001)

* Western Sahara. UN calls for aid - United Nations aid agencies have made an urgent appeal for more funds to feed refugees from the disputed region of Western Sahara, who've been living in remote camps in the Algerian desert for the past 25 years. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the World Food Programme called on donors to provide at least one-point-two-million dollars a month for the estimated one-hundred-and-fifty-five-thousand refugees. They said that without more money, the agencies' warehouses would be empty by September. The refugees have been stranded in the camps since war broke out in Western Sahara in 1976 after the colonial power, Spain, withdrew from the territory. A UN-sponsored referendum on the region -- which is claimed by Morocco -- has been repeatedly postponed. (BBC News, UK, 9 June 2001)

* Western Sahara. Equal rights for women - The sun chars everything to cinder around El Ayoun Refugee Camp. It's a barren, wind-lashed, inhospitable desert --hardly the place to raise children or much of anything else. But thousands of Saharawis, cast here by political upheaval, have lived for the last 25 years in refugee camps in these wastelands of southwest Algeria. Against all odds, they have raised a nation-in-exile. What's more remarkable is the society that's emerged, largely nurtured by women, stands out starkly from that of other Arab and Muslim peoples. Saharawi women have demanded and won equal rights. They receive full education, have work opportunities similar to men and can vote in elections held every four years. On a personal level, marriage partners are freely chosen, women can initiate divorce, and contraception and abortion are permitted. "We are proud to be women, proud to be Arabs, proud to be Muslim, but we do not intend letting anyone dictate to us how we should live our lives," Mariam Salek, culture minister in the Saharawi government-in-exile, told The Associated Press. The Saharawis, descendants of nomadic tribes, live in tent cities that sprouted when they fled their neighboring Western Sahara homeland after Morocco annexed the 285,000 square-kilometre land at the end of Spanish colonial rule in 1976. Morocco still insists it is the rightful ruler of the territory, which is rich in phosphates, and says Saharawis are simply Moroccans. To assert their claim, Saharawi men formed the Polisario militia -- the Popular Front for the Liberation of the Saguia de Hamra and Rio de Oro, the regions of the former Spanish Sahara. They fought a 15-year insurgency, something of a Cold War conflict since their allies in the battle against US-backed Morocco were often radical states such as Algeria, Libya and Cuba. - Today, a 10-year-old, UN-forged cease-fire is holding while debate drags on over the terms of an independence referendum. (CNN, USA, 11 June 2001

* Zambia. Hosting the OAU Summit - This year's Organisation of African Union (OAU) summit will be historic because it will lead to the transformation of the continental body into an African Union, OAU secretary general Salim Ahmed Salim has said. Speaking after signing the hosting agreement between the Zambian government and the OAU on 9 June, Salim said Zambia had been honoured because the Lusaka summit would provide guidelines for the transformation of the idea, started by Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, into reality. He said the holding of the OAU summit in Zambia was testimony to Africans' recognition of the country's role in different struggles on the continent. "By coming to the OAU summit, they are coming to mark that recognition," said Salim. "I hope Zambians will live up to their civic and historic role in Africa." Salim praised President Chiluba's peace search in the Democratic Republic of Congo. He urged Zambians to bury their differences and support the holding of the OAU in Zambia as it was a great honour. (The Post, Zambia, 11 June 2001)

* Zimbabwe. Overtures - Despite the recent overtures by the Commercial Farmers Union, whereby the CFU has offered the government one million hectares of "uncontested" land plus US $2 million spending money, Zimbabwe's tragedy has yet to reach its climax. The government "cautiously accepted" the offer. However there are no guarantees that the invasions will stop, because some war veterans are adamant: "We are the ones to dictate who should get what piece of land and not the whites," an official of the veterans told the government-controlled Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation recently. And what is even more disturbing is that contrary to earlier pledges that the Zimbabwe National Army (ZNA) will be apolitical even when a new government is installed, moves are being made behind closed doors to persuade troops to take up position with the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) and invade the scene as activists. The local press has extensively covered the whirlwind tours of army barracks by the ZNA commander, Mr Constantine Chiwenga. His message is clear: "Rally behind ZANU-PF and Mugabe, and throw out Tsvangirai, the traitor". As a measure to ensure success, Mr Chiwenga has promised to award war veterans who are members of the army with more money and promotions. (Stan Dongo, ANB-BIA, Zimbabwe, 30 May 2001)

* Zimbabwe. Mugabe appelle à la lutte - Le 8 juin, quelque 10.000 personnes, dont des centaines de militaires en uniforme et nombre de dignitaires du parti au pouvoir, ont assisté aux funérailles de Chenjerai Hunzvi, dirigeant d'une organisation d'anciens combattants de la guerre d'indépendance et fer de lance du violent mouvement d'occupation des fermes des Blancs, décédé le 4 juin. Le président Mugabe a salué sa mémoire et lui a accordé l'auréole et les funérailles d'un héros national. Hunzvi a lutté pour la justice sociale et contre les vestiges du colonialisme, a dit M. Mugabe, qui a appelé ses militants à intensifier la lutte. -Selon le Daily News du 12 juin, un ouvrier agricole noir a péri, roué de coups par des "vétérans", sous les yeux de la police et devant les caméras de la télévision nationale. La police a ouvert une enquête. (ANB-BIA, de sources diverses, 13 juin 2001)

* Zimbabwe. New wave of violence by militants - A new wave of violence hit white-owned farms across Zimbabwe, apparently triggered by the death last week of Chenjerai Hunzvi, the militant leader of violent land occupations, farmers said on 13 June. One farm worker died in weekend clashes with ruling party militants south of Harare, police and the Commercial Farmers Union said. A farm manager was assaulted in southwestern Zimbabwe and another was barricaded in his homestead. Tobacco planting was disrupted north of Harare, with planted seed beds being ripped up, and militants ordered another farm to stop work Friday to mourn Hunzvi's death on June 4 of malaria and AIDS complications. The ruling party declared Hunzvi, one of its most feared militants, a national hero last week for what it described as his "selfless commitment and dedication" to wrest land and economic resources from Zimbabwe's 50,000 whites, who dominate the economy in this nation of 12 million people. (CNN, USA, 13 June 2001)

* Zimbabwe. Massive increase in fuel prices - Massive increases in fuel prices have come into effect in Zimbabwe, with petrol rising by 74%. The increases, announced by the state-run National Oil Company of Zimbabwe, are likely to exacerbate problems facing commuters and the transport industry. Zimbabwe has to import all its petroleum products. (Petrol is up 74%; Aviation fuel is up 82%; Diesel is up 67%). The Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries expresses dismay at the price increases. (ANB-BIA, Brussels, 13 June 2001)

* Zimbabwe. Le prix du carburant augmente drastiquement - Le 13 juin, le gouvernement a augmenté le prix de l'essence de 72% et celui du diesel de 67%. On craint que l'inflation, qui est déjà de 70% par an, ne croisse encore par ces mesures. Mais le gouvernement espère que les entrées de ces taxes lui apporteront plus de devises étrangères, ce qui renforcerait la position de la monnaie nationale. La dernière augmentation des prix du carburant en octobre avait occasionné de violents affrontements. (D'après De Standaard, Belgique, 14 juin 2001)

Weekly anb0614.txt - #8/8


Un homme meurt chaque fois que l'un d'entre nous se tait devant la tyrannie (W. Soyinka, Prix Nobel litterature) - Everytime somebody keep silent when faced with tyranny, someone else dies (Wole Syinka, Nobel Prize for Literature) *
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