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lista incidenti ad unita' navali nucleari

SO: Greenpeace Internationals (Arkin & Handler) (GP)
DT: 1990
Keywords: greenpeace reports nuclear weapons accidents navy
us russia uk nfs gp warships submarines aircraft carriers ports
safety problems lists /

[missing introductory text, list of accidents only]

Pacific 02/01/45: In February the USS Washington (BB-56) and USS
Indiana (BB-58) collide in the Pacific.

Atlantic 02/08/45: A U.S. Navy minesweeper sinks after colliding
with a U.S.destroyer of Boston Harbor, Massachusets.

Atlantic 03/17/45: A new submarine floods and sinks after a
worker opens a torpedotube at the Boston Navy Yard.

Atlantic 04/09/45: A U.S. Liberty ship loaded with aerial bombs
explodes, setting three merchant ships afire and causing many
casualties in Bari harbor, Italy.

Atlantic 04/09/45: The Allied tanker Nashbulk collides with the
U.S. freighterSt. Mihiel in fog off Massachusetts, killing 15.

Atlantic 04/23/45: A U.S. Navy PE-56 patrol ship sinks after an
explosion off CapeElizabeth, Maine, killing 49.

Atlantic 05/22/45: Acetylene torch fumes ignite in the hold of a
U.S. Navy attack boat, Todd Shipyards, Brooklyn, killing two.

Atlantic 06/21/45: The USS Franklin (CV-13) suffers a boiler
room fire at New York Harbor during decoration ceremonies;
damage is slight.

Atlantic 08/25/45: A French minesweeper explodes near
Marseilles, killing five.

Atlantic 09/17/45: The Royal Navy battleship HMS Vanguard is
damaged by an explosion at Clydebank, Scotland.

10/08/45: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Zodiac suffers an

Atlantic 10/12/45: The Royal Navy vessel HMS Loch Eriboll sinks
after collidingwith the U.S. merchant ship Sidney Sharman in the
English Channel off Start Point, U.K.

Atlantic 10/27/45: The Royal Navy tug HMS Swarthy sinks in a
gale at Spithead,U.K.

Pacific 11/01/45: A U.S. Navy shore-liberty boat capsizes in San
Francisco Bay,California.

11/30/45: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Kempenfelt suffers an

01/22/46: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Cleopatra experiences an
engine room explosion.

01/30/46: The Royal Navy minesweeper HMS Rhyl runs adrift.

Atlantic 02/04/46: The cruiser USS Prinz Eugen (IX-300) collides
with a tug ona pre-test run from Boston to Philadelphia.

Atlantic 02/10/46: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Saga
collides with the trawler Girl Lena at night in the English
Channel, sinking the Girl Lena.

Atlantic 02/11/46: Fire damages four Royal Navy minesweepers
docked at Dover, U.K.,threatening the magazine of one.

02/12/46: The lend-lease Royal Navy dock landing ship HMS
Oceanway isinvolved in a collision.

Pacific 02/18/46: A U.S. tank landing ship suffers an explosion
of ammunition in Shanghai, China, killing six and injuring 44.

Atlantic 03/01/46: In March the French diesel submarine Orphee
explodes in Casablanca, Morocco, killing two.

Atlantic 04/17/46: The USS Wasp (CV-18) runs aground off New

Atlantic 05/01/46: The USS Solar (DE-221) is destroyed by an
explosion while unloading ammunition at Earle, New Jersey.

Atlantic 05/14/46: The USS Franklin (CV-13) leaks carbon dioxide
fumes while atthe Brooklyn Naval Shipyard, New York, killing

Atlantic 05/30/46: The flagship USS Estes (AGC-12) is slightly
damaged after acollision with the USS Los Angeles (CA-135), off

Atlantic 06/27/46: A Spanish C-4 submarine sinks after colliding
with the Spanishdestroyer Lepanto off the Balearic Islands,
killing the 46aboard the submarine.

08/27/46: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS St. James sinks a tug
duringfiring practice.

Atlantic 09/24/46: The Royal Navy tanker HMS Green Ranger is
struck by a torpedo during naval firing practice in Portland
harbor, U.K. The vessel is struck below the waterline but stays

Atlantic 11/06/46: A U.S. Navy launch hits a buoy and capsizes
in Portland harbor,U.K.

Pacific 11/15/46: The USS Frank Knox (DD-742) and USS Higbee
(DD-806) aredamaged after colliding off Oahu, Hawaii.

Pacific 11/20/46: The USS Antietam (CV-36) suffers an explosion
at the HuntersPoint Navy Yard in San Francisco, killing one and
injuring 34.

Atlantic 12/05/46: The French submarine 2326, an ex-German
U-boat, sinks 20 milesoff Toulon in the Mediterranean while
carrying out diving tests,killing 21.

Atlantic 12/13/46: The USS Missouri (BB-63) is hit by a star
shell during target practice in the North Atlantic.

Atlantic 04/04/47: The USS Ernest G. Small (DD-838) runs aground
off Block Island, Rhode Island.

Atlantic 04/15/47: The Royal Navy battleship HMS Nelson is
damaged in a collision with the diesel submarine HMS Sceptre in
Portland harbor,U.K.

Atlantic 05/27/47: The USS Johnston (DD-821) and the USS Torsk
(SS-423) aredamaged in a collision off New London, Connecticut.

06/04/47: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Seneschal suffers
an explosion.

Atlantic 06/12/47: The USS Valley Forge (CV-45) suffers an
explosion at the Philadelphia Naval Base, injuring 17.

Atlantic 07/01/47: The Italian munitions ship Panigaglia
explodes while unloading munitions at Santo Stefano, Sardinia,
Italy, killing 68.

07/02/47: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Aurochs is
involved in acollision.

Atlantic 07/17/47: The Canadian destroyer Micmac is damaged in a
collision withthe freighter Yarmouth County in Halifax, Nova
Scotia, killing five.

Atlantic 09/29/47: The USS Douglas H. Fox (DD-779) hits a mine
in the AdriaticSea 18 miles from Trieste, Italy, killing three.

Pacific 11/24/47: The U.S. Army transport Clarksdale Victory is
wrecked off Hippa Island near British Columbia, Canada.

Atlantic 02/18/48: A USS Midway (CV-41) launch capsizes off
Hyeres, France, killing eight.

02/23/48: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Aeneas runs
aground andis refloated the same day.

Pacific 03/02/48: The USS Duncan (DD-874) is damaged by an
explosion in the Pacific, killing one.

Atlantic 03/11/48: A Royal Navy firing practice inadvertently
places fishermen under fire off Walton-on-the-Naze, U.K.

Atlantic 04/19/48: The U.S. Navy drydock O'Boyle No. 24 sinks
off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.

Atlantic 06/01/48: A U.S. Navy launch nearing an aircraft
carrier sinks in heavy seas off Norfolk, Virginia, drowning 30.

Atlantic 07/13/48: The USS Portsmouth (CL-102) runs its prow
into a mudbank inthe St. Lawrence River but is subsequently

Atlantic 09/04/48: The U.S. minesweeper No. 46 runs aground off
Pigeon Island Light, Lake Ontario, New York.

Atlantic 10/19/48: A liberty boat of the Royal Navy aircraft
carrier HMS Illustrious sinks in Portland harbor, U.K., drowning

Pacific 11/25/48: The USS Chandler (DMS-9) and the USS Ozbourn
(DD-846) collide in the Yellow Sea.

Antarctic 02/15/49: The Royal Navy sloop HMS Sparrow proceeds to
Port Stanley inthe Falkland Islands after freeing itself from
ice in AdmiraltyBay.

Arctic 02/26/49: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Vengeance
is holed by ice during testing of special armament and equipment
in the Arctic.

Pacific 02/28/49: The USS Taussig (DD-746) and USS Marsh
(DE-699) are damaged in a collision during maneuvers in the

Pacific 03/23/49: The USS Perch (SS-313) and the USS Orleck
(DD-886) are damaged in a collision during maneuvers off San
Diego, California.

Atlantic 03/26/49: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Broadsword
accidentally discharges an artillery shell over Portsmouth, U.K.

Pacific 04/15/49: A gun accidently explodes aboard the USS
Hollister (DD-788)during maneuvers near Pearl Harbor, Hawaii,
killing four.

Pacific 04/23/49: The USS Fechteler (DD-870) and USS Leonard
Mason (DD-852) are damaged in a collision off Oahu, Hawaii,
injuring two.

04/30/49: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Myngs is damaged by a
practicetorpedo during exercises.

Atlantic 05/07/49: Pan-American Airways says anti-aircraft fire
from a U.S. carriertask force burst near a plane on a
Bermuda-New York flight.

06/01/49: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Chevron is damaged in a

06/03/49: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Loch Fada experiences an

Atlantic 08/02/49: The USS Livermore (DD-429) runs aground at
Bearse Shoal offCape Cod, Massachusetts.

Arctic 08/26/49: The USS Cochino (SS-345) explodes and sinks in
Arctic seas off Norway, drowning six Navy rescuers and a Cochino
technician. On 21 September the Soviet publication Red Fleet
alleges the Cochino was sunk off Murmansk while scouting
outmilitary information.

Antarctic 09/22/49: The Argentine minesweeper Fournier sinks
after striking a submerged rock in the Magellan Straits, killing

Pacific 10/09/49: The USS Chehalis (AOG-48) sinks after an
explosion and firein Tutuila, American Samoa.

Atlantic 11/09/49: The USS Tusk (SS-426) is rammed while
submerged by the USS Aldebaran (AF-10) 175 miles off Labrador,
Newfoundland, Canada. The submarine suffers damage to its
periscope and superstructure.

Atlantic 12/31/49: In 1949, a Polish ammunition ship carrying
500 tons of bombs sinks in the English Channel off Folkestone,
U.K., after a collision. During 1968 harbor clearing operations
the ship explodes with such force it causes earthquake reportsas
far away as Antarctica.

Atlantic 01/13/50: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Truculent
sinks after colliding with the Swedish tanker Divina ten miles
east of Sheerness, U.K., in the Thames Estuary, killing 64.

Pacific 03/18/50: The net-laying ship USS Elder (AN-20) is
damaged by an explosion off Kwajalein Atoll in the Pacific

Atlantic 04/08/50: A Royal Navy midget submarine explodes in
Portsmouth harbor, U.K., killing one.

Atlantic 05/17/50: The USS General M.B. Stewart (AP-140)
collides with a buoy in Port Said Harbor, Egypt, damaging the
ship's propeller.

06/14/50: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Trenchant suffers
an explosion.

Atlantic 07/15/50: Eight ammunition barges explode in Portsmouth
harbor, U.K. On 18 July British officials say sabotage is a
suspected cause of the explosions.

Atlantic 07/15/50: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Vengeance
drags its moorings and collides with a quayside at Stavanger,

Atlantic 07/18/50: The USS Missouri (BB-63) runs aground in
Chesapeake Bay, suffering light damage. On 19 July, the Soviet
publication RedFleet ridicules the grounding of the Missouri.

Pacific 07/25/50: The USS Benevolence (AH-13) collides with SS
Mary Luckenbach while on a trial run after being taken out of
mothballs forservice in the Korean War. The Benevolence sinks
outside San Francisco Bay, California, killing 18.

08/31/50: The Royal Navy boom defense vessel HMS Barwind
experiences an explosion.

Atlantic 09/15/50: The French weather-observation frigate La
Place sinks afteran explosion while at anchor in the Baie de la
Fresnage near St.Malo, killing 51. The explosion is believed
caused by a drifting magnetic mine.

09/16/50: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Armada is involved in a

Atlantic 09/21/50: A torpedo fired from the British naval range
at Bincleaves deviates from its course and sinks two sailing
boats in Portland harbor, U.K.

Pacific 09/30/50: The French destroyer Amyot Dindeville is
damaged by an explosion off Indochina.

10/18/50: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Phoebe is involved in a

10/27/50: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Newcastle experiences a
fire in aturret.

Atlantic 11/09/50: The USS Brownson (DD-868) and USS Charles H.
Roan (DD-853) collide in the Atlantic during nighttime fleet
maneuvers, killing four.

Pacific 11/11/50: The USS Buck (DD-761) and USS Thomason
(DE-203) are damaged in a collision in the Korean Bay.

01/16/51: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Broadsword suffers a
fire, killing one.

01/23/51: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Daring suffers a fire.

Atlantic 02/12/51: The Royal Navy battleship HMS Vanguard is
damaged in a collision with the aircraft carrier HMS Indomitable
in the Mediterranean.

Atlantic 02/14/51: The Portuguese gunboat Garo sinks after
colliding with a Portuguese warship off Portugal.

Atlantic 04/16/51: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Affray
sinks in the English Channel 30 miles north of the Island of
Guernsey, killing 75. Possibly the submarine was flooded after
its snorkel mast weldment failed.On 22 April all British "A"
class submarines are docked pendingan investigation of the
Affray accident.

Atlantic 04/28/51: The Royal Navy munitions ship HMS Bedenham
explodes in Gibraltar, killing nine.

05/16/51: The small seaplane tender USS Valcour (AVP-55) is set
afirein a collision with a collier. The fire threatens the
ship`s magazine.

05/18/51: The USS Bairoko (CVE-115) suffers a blast, killing

Pacific 05/19/51: The French tank landing ship Adour explodes in
Nha Trang, Vietnam.

Atlantic 05/23/51: A stray U.S. Navy torpedo sinks a fishing
boat in Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island.

Atlantic 05/24/51: A U.S. Navy liberty launch capsizes at
Newport, Rhode Island, killing 19.

06/08/51: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Bermuda suffers an

Atlantic 08/23/51: The USS Wisconsin (BB-64) is freed after
grounding on mud flats in New York Harbor.

Atlantic 09/08/51: The Royal Navy battleship HMS Duke of York
collides with a ferry in the Mersey River, U.K.

10/03/51: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Grenville collides with
an Italian vessel.

Pacific 10/15/51: The U.N. troopship Kongo Maru is wrecked by a
typhoon off southern Japan.

Atlantic 11/04/51: The Argentine motorship Maipu sinks after
colliding with thetroop ship USS General M.L. Hersey (AP-148) in
fog in the North Sea off Bremerhaven, West Germany. There are no
reported casualties.

11/10/51: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Thorough is
damaged in acollision.

Pacific 12/02/51: A converted U.S. Navy landing craft sinks off
San Diego, California, killing six.

Atlantic 01/19/52: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Chivalrous is in
a collision near Malta.

03/28/52: The USS Mount Baker (AE-4) collides with a South
Korean freighter, killing 24 South Koreans.

Atlantic 04/26/52: The destroyer minesweeper USS Hobson (DMS-26)
sinks after colliding with the USS Wasp (CV-18) in the
mid-Atlantic, killing 176 aboard the Hobson. The ships were part
of a task force headed for the Mediterranean to join the
SixthFleet. The collision occurred when the Wasp turned into
thewind to receive aircraft.

Pacific 04/26/52: The USS St. Paul (CA-73) suffers a powder
blast in a gun turret while operating off Korea, killing 30.

Atlantic 05/08/52: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Tenacious is
grounded in the River Foyle, Northern Ireland.

Atlantic 06/10/52: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Cumberland runs
aground on TinkerShoal, two miles off Plymouth, U.K.

Atlantic 06/14/52: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Sleuth
collides with thedestroyer HMS Zephyr in heavy fog while leaving
Portsmouthharbor, U.K. The Zephyr suffers flooding in one of its

Atlantic 06/14/52: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS
Seneschal's collision with the Danish frigate Thetis south of
the Isle of Wight is reported. The submarine's periscope and
radar mast are damaged.

Atlantic 07/11/52: A blast aboard a French cruiser in Toulon
kills one.

Atlantic 08/06/52: An unidentified Royal Navy submarine carries
away the fishing gear of the Fleetwood Queen Alexandria trawler
off the Isle ofMan, U.K. The submarine is not damaged.

Pacific 08/07/52: The USS Boxer (CV-21) suffers an explosion and
fire off Korea, killing nine.

Pacific 08/14/52: The USS Gregory (DD-802) and USS Marshall
(DD-676) are slightly damaged after colliding off San Diego,

Atlantic 09/25/52: The French diesel submarine Sibylle (ex-HMS
Sportsman) fails to surface after a dive off Toulon, France,
killing 46. The submarine is believed to have burst.

Atlantic 10/24/52: The USS Tigrone (SS-419) suffers a fire at
the Philadelphianaval base, injuring two civilians.

Atlantic 11/12/52: The high speed transport USS Ruchamkin
(APD-89) is rammed bya tanker 60 miles east of Cape Henry,
Virginia, during maneuvers, killing five soldiers. The tanker
captain denies he knew maneuvers were being conducted in the

Atlantic 11/16/52: The USS Picking (DD-685) and USS Porter
(DD-800) are slightly damaged after colliding in dense fog off

Atlantic 11/17/52: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS
Implacable is mildly damaged by a dockside fire in London.

Atlantic 11/23/52: The USS Wiseman (DE-667) strikes a submerged
rock in Koreanwaters, causing damage to her sonar and hull. It
proceeds to Sasebo, Japan, for repairs.

Atlantic 11/28/52: An Israeli naval ship disappears during a
storm in the Mediterranean.

Pacific 12/11/52: The USS Sitkoh Bay (CVE-86) collides with a
freighter in thePacific, but none are hurt.

01/13/53: The minesweeper USS Condor (AMS-5) is heavily damaged
by fire.

Atlantic 01/27/53: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Dutchess suffers
an explosion while in the U.K., damaging the ship and killing

Atlantic 02/03/53: Sabotage inquiries are under way in
Devonport, U.K., after damage to the Royal Navy aircraft
carriers HMS Warrior and HMS Triumph is reported.

Atlantic 02/03/53: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS
Indomitable suffers an explosion while in Malta, killing three.

Pacific 02/19/53: The USS Prichett (DD-561) and USS Cushing
(DD-797) collide while operating off the coast of Korea. Both
ships require dry docking in Sasebo, Japan.

03/05/53: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Termagant suffers a fire.

Pacific 03/06/53: A bomb dislodged from a plane landing after a
combat mission over Korea bounces twice across the deck of the
USS Oriskany (CV-34) and explodes, killing two and injuring 15.

Atlantic 03/07/53: The Egyptian minesweeper Sollum sinks during
a storm off Alexandria, killing 54.

Atlantic 04/04/53: The Turkish diesel submarine Dumlupiner
(formerly USS Blower (SS-325)) sinks after colliding with the
Swedish freighterNaboland in the Dardanelles. The captain of the
Naboland is held by Turkish authorities in connectionwith the
incident, and on 11 April Sweden protests his arrest.

Atlantic 04/28/53: The USS Bennington (CV-20) suffers an
explosion off Cuba, killing 11.

Atlantic 05/13/53: The USS Wright (CVL-49) is hit by a target
drone off Key West, Florida, killing three.

Atlantic 05/18/53: An unidentified fast patrol boat suffers
fires and explosions inAarhus harbor, Denmark, which slightly
damage the Royal Navy vessel HMS Gay Archer, moored alongside.

05/20/53: The Royal Navy minesweeper HMS Coquette is in a

07/16/53: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Vigo suffers a fire.

07/18/53: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Carron suffers a fire.

Atlantic 08/01/53: In August the USS Harder (SS-568) is towed
across the Atlantic to New London, Connecticut, by the USS
Tringa (ASR-16) afterbreaking down off the east coast of

Atlantic 08/25/53: The Netherlands charges that U.S. Navy ships
fired on a KLM civilian airliner over the Caribbean Sea. The
U.S.  State Departmentlater reports anti-aircraft artillery
shells were accidentallyfired within two miles of the plane.

Atlantic 09/13/53: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Delight is
damaged by fire in Glasgow, Scotland.

09/15/53: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Contest suffers a fire.

10/01/53: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Diamond collides with the
cruiser HMS Swiftsure during exercises.

10/06/53: The Royal Navy minesweeper HMS Rattlesnake suffers a
gun firing accident.

Atlantic 10/16/53: The USS Leyte (CV-32) is badly damaged by an
explosion and subsequent fire caused by the accidental ignition
of hydraulic fluid on a catapult while moored at Charlestown
Naval Yard, Boston, killing 36. The fire takes five hours to

12/28/53: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Amethyst suffers a fire in
its storeroom.

Atlantic 01/18/54: The Royal Navy tanker HMS Wave Victor suffers
a fire off theDevon Coast, U.K.

Pacific 01/21/54: A U.S. troopship rams a U.S. Navy landing
craft off Inchon, South Korea, drowning 28 Marines.

Pacific 03/09/54: An Australian destroyer rams a pier when it
attempts to dock without tugs in Melbourne, Australia.

Atlantic 03/17/54: A U.S. Navy tank landing ship runs aground at
Eleuthera Island,Bahamas.

03/17/54: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Zest suffers a fire.

Pacific 05/13/54: The Japanese fishing boat Kine-Maru sustains
damage as a result of shots fired by vessels of the Netherlands,
Australia, andNew Zealand during target practice in "Area
George." The Japanese Ministry ofForeign Affairs later presents
a claim against the United Stateson the grounds that Japan had
permitted the use of "Area George" to U.S. forces, but had not
approved its use by other countries. The U.S. StateDepartment
rejects the claim, saying that "Area George" is located on the
high seas and that its use does not require permissionfrom the
Japanese government.

Atlantic 05/26/54: The USS Bennington (CV-20) is damaged by an
explosion and fire off Newport, Rhode Island, killing 103 and
injuring 201.

05/27/54: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Curzon runs aground and is

07/01/54: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Vigo suffers a fire.

07/14/54: The Royal Navy tanker HMS Wave Commander is involved
in a collision.

Atlantic 09/03/54: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Eagle is
damaged by an aviation fuel-tank blast at the Devonport dock,
killing one.

Atlantic 09/16/54: Several weeks before its first sea trials, a
small steam pipe inthe reactor compartment of the USS Nautilus
(SSN-571) bursts, filling the area with steam during a test of
the steam systemwhile the ship is at the Electric Boat Shipyard
in Groton,Connecticut. The test is part of a quality control
effort to check the adequacy of the shipyard's inspection
system.  The incident initially appears to be minor.  There are
slight personnelinjuries and no radiation hazards. However,
subsequentinvestigation shows the situation is more serious.
Specifications called for seamless pipe, but ordinary stanchion
pipe had been used. All suspect pipe is ripped out and the
mistake leads tomore stringent quality control measures.

10/08/54: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Chevron is involved in a

10/08/54: The USS Laffey (DD-724) hits and sinks the distressed
yachtAble Lady while attempting rescue.

Atlantic 10/24/54: The Royal Navy destroyers HMS Battleaxe and
HMS Scorpioncollide during an exercise in the Bay of Biscay. The
Battleaxe suffers a five-foot-hole in its bow, but is able to
returnto Plymouth Sound, U.K., unassisted.

Atlantic 10/27/54: The Royal Navy frigates HMS Relentless and
HMS Vigilantcollide off western Scotland during night exercises.

Atlantic 10/31/54: The USS Norris (DDE-859) rams the
superstructure of the USSBergall (SS-320) during war games off
Norfolk, Virginia. The Norris suffers flooding in five of its
compartments and the Bergall suffers damage to its
superstructure. Bothproceed to port for repairs.

Atlantic 11/09/54: A Canadian Navy ship collides with a ferry in
Halifax, Canada, killing three.

Atlantic 12/12/54: A Norwegian submarine is damaged by an
explosion at Bergen, Norway.

Atlantic 12/15/54: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Talent,
undergoing a refit, is swept out of a Chatham dockyard by an
inrush of water, due to a mistake in estimating the size of the

Atlantic 01/04/55: The USS Monterey (CVL-26) is slightly damaged
after colliding with a freighter near the mouth of the
Mississippi River.

Atlantic 01/07/55: Three U.S. Navy dock-landing craft capsize in
heavy seas off Beaufort, North Carolina. Faulty steering gear

Atlantic 01/12/55: The USS Power (DD-839) and USS Warrington
(DD-843) collide during night exercises off Puerto Rico.

Atlantic 01/14/55: The USS Tench (SS-417) is grounded off Cape
Henry Lighthouse, Virginia.

01/22/55: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Flint Castle experiences a

Pacific 02/21/55: The USS Pomodon (SS-486) is damaged by an
explosion and firecaused by excess hydrogen formation during
battery charging inthe San Francisco Naval Yard, California,
killing five.

Pacific 03/11/55: A U.S. Navy tank landing ship rams a trawler
in Puget Sound, Washington, killing three.

Atlantic 03/18/55: The USS Cassin Young (DD-793) is driven
aground by high winds at Fall River, Massachusetts.

Atlantic 03/18/55: The USS General R.E. Callan (AP-139) runs
aground at Red Hook Flats, New York Harbor. News reports are
censored for 24 hours.

Pacific 05/10/55: A small military ship (of unspecified
nationality) explodes at Kaohsiung, Taiwan, killing 49.

Atlantic 05/11/55: The USS Nautilus (SSN-571) suffers a small
leak in a freshwater line in the steam plant as it leaves on its
shakedown cruisefrom Groton, Connecticut, forcing the ship to
return to port for quick repairs. The Navy says the leak did
notinvolve the reactor.

05/31/55: The Royal Navy minesweeper HMS Northumbria is involved
in acollision.

Atlantic 06/02/55: A Yugoslavian naval vessel sinks in the
Adriatic Sea, killing 26.

Atlantic 06/17/55: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Sidon
sinks after a torpedo explosion in the forward torpedo
compartment while the shipis in Portland harbor, U.K., killing

07/09/55: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Sturdy suffers an

07/14/55: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Blake suffers a fire.

07/19/55: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Chevron is involved in a

Atlantic 07/27/55: The Danish diesel submarine Saelen is gutted
by fire in Copenhagen.

Atlantic 08/14/55: The Royal Navy battleship HMS King George V
runs aground while being towed into the Firth of Clyde,

Atlantic 09/26/55: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Hermes
loses power whena marking buoy wedges in a propeller bracket.
The ship is towedto Belfast, Northern Ireland.

10/07/55: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Venus suffers engine room

10/19/55: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Ceylon suffers a fire.

Atlantic 10/19/55: The USS Wisconsin (BB-64) is grounded for one
hour in the East River, New York Harbor.

Atlantic 10/31/55: A Soviet cruiser hits a mine and sinks
sometime in October. Conflicting reports described in the New
York Times of 25 April 1956 place the sinking in the Black and
Baltic Seas. Possibly the ship is an Italian warship given to
the Soviet Union aswar reparations, called the Novosibirsk.

Atlantic 10/31/55: The USS English (DD-696) and the USS Wallace
L. Lind (DD-703) collide in heavy seas during antisubmarine
exercises off Norfolk, Virginia. The English has 31 feet of its
bow bent and broken off and the Lind suffers an eight-foot
hole.Both head for Norfolk under escort.

Pacific 11/11/55: The USS Boyd (DD-544) is towed to port after
striking a Japanese freighter off San Diego, California.

Pacific 11/12/55: A U.S. Navy plane crashes into the USS
Hopewell (DD-681) during maneuvers off San Diego, California,
killing three fliers and two sailors.

Atlantic 11/14/55: The radar ship USS Searcher (AGR-4) is
damaged by explosionsand fire off Cape May, New Jersey, killing

Atlantic 11/22/55: Heavy winds damage six U.S. Navy destroyers
moored at Newport, Rhode Island.

Atlantic 11/23/55: Six sailors are killed as a result of a jet
landing mishap on the deck of the USS Ticonderoga (CV-14) in the
Mediterranean Sea.

Atlantic 12/04/55: A British troopship is blown aground by heavy
winds in the RiverClyde, Scotland.

01/04/56: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Venus suffers a fire.

Atlantic 01/06/56: The USS Basilone (DD-824) runs aground near
Hampton Roads, Virginia.

Atlantic 01/20/56: The USS James V. Forrestal (CVA-59) collides
with the USS Pinnacle (MSO-462) at Norfolk, Virginia, slightly
damaging thePinnacle.

Atlantic 01/21/56: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Artemis
collides with amotor fishing vessel off the Isle of Wight in the
English Channel. The submarine is undamaged and continues on

Atlantic 01/23/56: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Scorpion crashes
into the Londonderry, Northern Ireland, dockside.

01/25/56: The Royal Navy minesweeper HMS Mutine suffers a fire.

01/27/56: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Puma experiences a fire.

02/04/56: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Scorcher is
damaged in acollision.

Atlantic 02/10/56: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Chieftain
collides with the naval tanker HMS Blue Ranger in foul weather
while en route from Malta to Beirut, Lebanon, and suffers damage
to its bows.

02/21/56: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Eastbourne suffers an

Pacific 03/11/56: The USS Columbus (CA-74) and USS Floyd B.
Parks (DD-884)are damaged after colliding off Luzon,

Atlantic 03/18/56: Fifteen ships of a U.S. destroyer fleet break
their moorings during a storm off Newport, Rhode Island.

Atlantic 03/18/56: The USS Willis A. Lee (DL-4) runs aground off
Jamestown, Rhode Island.

Atlantic 04/22/56: The USS Nautilus (SSN-571) is snared in the
nets of a fishing vessel off the New Jersey coast 140 miles
southeast of New York, while running at a depth of 150 feet. The
submarine nearly drags the vessel under water, butthe Nautilus
is unaware of the mishap, does not surface, andcontinues to
Groton, Connecticut. The estimated damage is $1,300 to each

Indian 04/26/56: The USS Remey (DD-688) runs aground in the
Persian Gulf.

Atlantic 04/28/56: The USS Nautilus (SSN-571) suffers a fire
caused by a welder's torch, while berthed at New London,
Connecticut, during repair of damage caused by snaring of a
fishing net on 22 April. The blazeignites cork insulation and
burns paint from the hull. The Navyreports that damage from the
fire, the third to break out on the Nautilus, is slight.

Atlantic 05/07/56: The USS Eaton (DD-510) and USS Wisconsin
(BB-64) are badly damaged after a collision in fog off Virginia.
Commander Varley of the Eaton is later court-martialed and found

Atlantic 05/08/56: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Redpole collides
with a yacht inCopenhagen, Denmark.

05/10/56: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Talent is involved
in acollision.

Pacific 08/04/56: The USS Windham Bay (CVE-92) is heavily
damaged by fire while in Alameda, California.

Atlantic 08/19/56: The experimental sodium-cooled nuclear
reactor of the USS Seawolf (SSN-575) suffers a failure in the
steam plant during a full power test run while the new ship is
at Groton, Connecticut.A leak of sodium-potassium alloy being
used as the third fluidin the steam generator aggravates stress
corrosion in the system, causing two cracks in steam piping and
a leak in a superheater. Makeshift repairs permit the Seawolf to
complete its initial sea trials on reduced power in February
1957.Due to the difficulties of running a sodium-cooled reactor,
theNavy decides to replace the Seawolf's sodium-cooled
reactorwith a water-cooled reactor, and use only water-cooled
designs in the future.

09/22/56: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Decoy suffers an

09/29/56: A shell explodes aboard the USS Buck (DD-761), killing

Atlantic 09/29/56: The Royal Navy minesweepers HMS Broadly, HMS
Etchingham,and HMS Bisham are extensively damaged by fire at
Portsmouth harbor, U.K.

Atlantic 10/06/56: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Keppel collides
with a Torpoint ferry, near Plymouth, U.K.

10/06/56: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Orwell is involved in a

Atlantic 10/13/56: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Anchorite
runs aground in Rothesay Bay, U.K., and is refloated two days

Atlantic 10/15/56: During the height of the Suez crisis the USS
Nautilus (SSN-571) accidentally fires two dummy practice
torpedoes at a Britishmerchantman during naval maneuvers in
European waters. The Nautilus mistakes the ship for an
aircraftcarrier on its sonar.

Atlantic 10/23/56: The USS Antietam (CVS-36) is grounded for six
hours off Brest, France.

11/22/56: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Scorcher suffers a
fireduring exercises.

01/03/57: The Royal Navy coastal minesweeper HMS Ilmington
suffers a fire.

Atlantic 03/07/57: The USS Mission San Francisco (AO-123)
suffers explosions and fires when it collides with the Liberian
freighter Elna IIin the Delaware River near New Castle,
Delaware, killing ten.

Pacific 05/15/57: A U.S. Navy A3D Skywarrior aircraft crashes
while landing on theUSS Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31) off San
Diego, California, killing three.

Atlantic 05/15/57: The USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVA-42)
reportedly hits a submerged object off Florida. The object is
not thought to be a submarine. The Navy later denies that the
carrier had hit an object, claiming instead that a propeller had

Atlantic 05/20/57: The USS Antietam (CVS-36) crashes into a
river wharf in NewOrleans, Louisiana. The wharf is heavily
damaged, while damageto the carrier is light.

Atlantic 05/21/57: A U.S. Navy experimental X-1 submarine is
damaged by a blast atthe Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. There are no

Pacific 06/08/57: Eleven depth charges explode prematurely off
the stern of the USS Whitehurst (DE-634) 18 miles off Pearl
Harbor, endangeringthe lives of a Hollywood movie cast on board
to shoot a movie scene.

Atlantic 06/19/57: A high-pressure steam line explodes aboard
the USS Franklin D.Roosevelt (CVA-42) off Jacksonville, Florida,
killing two andinjuring five.

07/06/57: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Eagle suffers a

07/13/57: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Redpole is involved in a

07/15/57: A Royal Navy destroyer depot ship suffers a fire.

Atlantic 07/18/57: A TNT device aboard the USS Somersworth
(PCER-849) explodesoff Montauk Point, New York, killing three.

Atlantic 07/27/57: The USS Mauna Loa (AE-8) suffers a fire off
New York. The fire is extinguished before it reaches the ship's
3,500-ton cargoof explosives.

Atlantic 08/07/57: The USS Cobbler (SS-344) and USS Tusk
(SS-426) are slightly damaged after an underwater collision
during maneuvers off New Jersey.

Atlantic 08/19/57: The USS Wisconsin (BB-64) scrapes its bottom
near a sea buoyoff Cape Henry, Virginia, during a storm.

Pacific 08/25/57: The USS Lenawee (APA-195) and USS Wantuck
(APD-125) collide in the Pacific, killing one.

Atlantic 08/28/57: The Peruvian diesel submarine Iquique is
freed from a sand bar where it had run aground during trials in
the Long Island Sound, New York.

08/29/57: The Royal Navy coastal minesweeper HMS Badminton is in
a collision.

Arctic 09/01/57: In the first few days of September, the USS
Nautilus (SSN-571) suffers damage to two periscopes while rising
under ice conditions during an exploratory trip under the Arctic
icepack. TheNautilus returns from under the icepack to the open
seato perform repairs on the surface. It takes 12 hours in rough
seas, freezing temperatures, and gale winds to fix one
periscope.The other is damaged beyond repair.

09/05/57: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Decoy runs aground.

Atlantic 09/11/57: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Blake suffers an
explosion and fire while in Glasgow, Scotland.

Atlantic 09/12/57: The USS Wasp (CVS-18) suffers a second fire
while in drydockin Boston, Massachusetts, causing minor damage.

Atlantic 09/20/57: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Taciturn
collides with amerchant ship during exercises off Brighton,
U.K., in the English Channel. No damage is reported.

Atlantic 09/21/57: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Delight is
rammed by the Clydetug Forager at the Princess Pier, Greenock,

Atlantic 09/26/57: A U.S. Navy A3D Skywarrior crashes while
attempting to land on the USS Forrestal (CVA-59) during NATO
exercises in the Norwegian Sea.

Atlantic 09/29/57: The USS Purdy (DD-734) and the British
trawler British Columbia collide off The Netherlands, sinking
the trawler. A small hole is punched in the Purdy's hull above
the waterline.

Pacific 10/09/57: The USS Mission San Miguel (AO-129) runs
aground on a reef in the mid-Pacific.

10/23/57: The USS Forrestal (CVA-59) is slightly damaged after a
collision with an oiler at sea.

Atlantic 11/16/57: The Washington Post reports that the reactor
compartment of the USS Nautilus (SSN-571) flooded several days
ago aftera small leak developed while the submarine was in port
in Connecticut. The leak was due to the malfunctioning of a
valve,and according to the Navy caused no radioactive
contamination ordamage to the power plant.

12/11/57: The Royal Navy minesweeper HMS Alcaston loses power.

Atlantic 12/12/57: The USS Manley (DD-940) is badly damaged in
heavy seas in the eastern Atlantic.

Pacific 01/10/58: A plane catapult explodes aboard the USS
Kearsage (CVA-33) off Yokosuka, Japan, killing three.

Atlantic 01/14/58: The Royal Navy boom defense vessel HMS
Barcombe runs agroundoff the Island of Oronsay, Argyll,

01/18/58: The USS Essex (CVA-9) is damaged by fire at sea.

01/31/58: A bomber explodes on the flight deck of the USS
Hancock (CVA-19), killing two.

Atlantic 02/04/58: The Swedish diesel submarine Illern sinks in
a shipyard, Malmo, Sweden.

02/12/58: A rocket propelled antisubmarine weapon backfires
aboard the USSEaton (DD-510), killing one.

Pacific 02/16/58: The fuel supply submarine USS Guavina
(ASSO-362) runs aground in high winds and foul weather after
dragging its anchor in San Salvador, El Salvador.

Atlantic 02/27/58: The USS Tripoli (CVU-64) is towed to
Bremerhaven, West Germany, after running aground in the Weser

03/03/58: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Decoy suffers a fire.

Atlantic 04/01/58: The USS Corregidor (CVU-58) cracks its hull
in a storm off the Azores.

04/02/58: The Royal Navy fleet supply ship HMS Fort Duquesne
suffers afire.

Atlantic 04/17/58: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Bulwark
is involved in acollision in the Suez Canal.

04/24/58: The USS Yarnall (DD-541) is damaged by a dummy torpedo
firedby a submarine during practice.

Atlantic 04/25/58: The USS Nautilus (SSN-571) springs a small
saltwater leak inone of the steam condensers shortly after
leaving Groton, Connecticut, as the submarine heads south toward
the Panama Canal totransit to the Pacific for its expedition to
the North Pole.After passing through the Canal and experiencing
a fire (5/4/58), the Nautilus puts into Mare Island Naval
Shipyard, near San Francisco, California, for repairs. The
source of the leak cannot be pinpointed, however, and the ship
proceeds to Seattle,Washington. During the trip to Seattle, the
captain decides touse the same type of additive that is sold for
leaky car radiators to try to repair the leak in the condenser.
Upon arriving inSeattle in late May or early June, 140 quarts
are purchasedand half are poured into the cooling system. The
reactor plantis started and the leak stopped.

Pacific 05/04/58: The USS Nautilus (SSN-571) suffers a fire in
the insulationaround one of its turbines as the ship is running
submerged in the Pacific shortly after leaving Panama on its way
to its Arcticmission. The insulation had become oil-soaked
during thesubmarine's three years of operation and had caught
fire. The fire is put out with minor injuries, but the submarine
must surface to ventilate.

05/23/58: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Lion suffers a fire.

Pacific 05/28/58: The USS Stickleback (SS-415) sinks after being
rammed by theUSS Silverstein (DE-534) off Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
There are no casualties. The submarine had lost power and
drifted intothe Silverstein's path.

Atlantic 06/11/58: The trawler St. Clair catches a Royal Navy
submarine in itsnet off Land's End, U.K. There is little damage.

06/20/58: The Royal Navy minesweeper HMS Hound is involved in a

Pacific 07/03/58: The USS Chemung (AO-30) runs aground 500 yards
off AlcatrazIsland in San Francisco Bay, California, during a
naval procession.

Indian 07/06/58: The USS Caney (AO-95) loses power during a
monsoon in the Arabian Sea, and is in danger for several days
until it can be towed by U.S. ships.

Atlantic 07/08/58: A U.S. Navy barge used for research in
underwater explosions suffers an explosion and flash fire while
in port at Norfolk, Virginia.

Atlantic 07/19/58: The USS Piper (SS-409) runs aground on a
sandbar off Provincetown, Massachusetts, but is pulled free
after seven hours withminor damage.

Pacific 07/23/58: A fuel tank accidentally falls from a FJ4B
Fury fighter being launched from the USS Ticonderoga (CV-14)
while operating offCalifornia, killing two.

Atlantic 07/24/58: The USS Skate (SSN-578) suffers damage to its
propeller whenit collides with the USS Fulton (AS-11) while the
tender ismoored to a pier in New London, Connecticut.

Pacific 08/22/58: The USS Prestige (MSO-465) sinks after running
aground off Shikoku, Japan.

09/03/58: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Amphion hits a
British naval training ship.

09/24/58: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Camperdown suffers a

Atlantic 09/29/58: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Hogue collides
with the Britishtrawler Northern Foam while trying to prevent
the arrest ofthe trawler by an Icelandic patrol boat for
illegally fishing in Icelandic waters.

10/10/58: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Andrew is involved
in acollision.

Atlantic 10/14/58: An explosion floods the engineering room of
the USS Saratoga(CVA-60) at Jacksonville, Florida.

Atlantic 10/21/58: The USS Rich (DD-820), USS Moale (DD-693),
USS Ellyson (DD-454), and the destroyer USS Sumner are damaged
in a severe storm off North Carolina.

Atlantic 10/23/58: The USS Lindenwald (LSD-6) is disabled off
Greenland when the steering engines fail.

Atlantic 10/23/58: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Grenville
inadvertently surges forward while preparing to leave Portland
harbor, U.K., and collides with the minesweeper HMS Shoulton and
the submarine support ship HMS Chaser.

Atlantic 10/27/58: The Royal Navy frigates HMS Undine and HMS
Ulysses are both damaged above the waterline in a collision off
the Ile d'Ouessant, Brittany, France.

Atlantic 11/05/58: The USS Growler (SSG-577) springs a leak
during a deep-sea dive but surfaces without damage off the Isle
of Shoals, southeast of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. The Growler,
designed for launching the Regulus II sea-to-landmissile, was
several hundred feet below the surface when the leak developed
in an improperly adjusted sonar compartment fittingfor an
electrical cable.

11/06/58: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Alamein experiences a

Pacific 11/10/58: The USS Ranger (CVA-61) suffers an explosion
in the magazinearea seven decks below the waterline while off
San Francisco, California, killing two. A careless act by two
crewmen trying toobtain gunpowder from the magazine to fuel a
minature ram jetengine they had built caused the explosion. The
Navy said the two men were known rocket enthusiasts and were not
authorized tobe in the magazine area at the time of the
explosion. The "relatively minor" damage takes about amonth to
repair due to the location of the accident.

11/12/58: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Alaric collides
with a jetty.

11/18/58: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Rorqual
experiences a fire.

11/28/58: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Caesar suffers a fire.

Atlantic 12/23/58: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Undaunted collides
with the minesweeper HMS Maxton off Cyprus.

Atlantic 12/30/58: The Royal Navy destroyers HMS Jutland and HMS
Dunkirk collide during daytime maneuvers off Malta, causing
slight damage.

Atlantic 12/31/58: In the late 1950s, a Soviet Northern Fleet
diesel-powered submarine, possibly a Whiskey class submarine,
reportedly sinks. Thevessel was specially converted to be a test
platform for a Soviet cruise missile, which was under
development. Thesubmarine went to sea carrying empty missile
containers and sankon its return voyage.

Atlantic 01/11/59: The USS Valley Forge (CVS-45) is damaged in a
storm off North Carolina.

Atlantic 01/28/59: The port propeller of the USS Skate (SSN-578)
is damaged ina collision with the USS Cubera (SS-347). The
accident occurs during routine operations off the U.S. east
coastjust after the Cubera delivered mail to the Skate and moved
away. The Navy says nobody was hurt.

Atlantic 03/02/59: A depth charge explodes aboard the USS Conway
(DD-507) in the Atlantic, injuring two.

Atlantic 03/05/59: The USS Kenneth D. Bailey (DDR-713) and the
USS Haiti Victory (T-AK-238) collide in the Strait of Gibraltar,
killing one.

03/16/59: The Royal Navy destroyers HMS Corunna and HMS Barrosa

Atlantic 04/07/59: The USS Triton (SSN-586) suffers a galley
fire caused by testing of a deep-fat fryer, while in New London,
Connecticut. According to the Navy, the fire spread from the
galley into the ventilation lines of the crew's mess. But quick
action by crewmembers "resulted in the saving of the ship's
equipment and possible loss of life."

Atlantic 04/09/59: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal
is damaged byfire in Devonport, U.K., while undergoing a refit.

Pacific 04/09/59: The U.S. Navy announces the USS Raton
(SSR-270) and the USSGeorge K. Mackenzie (DD-836) recently
collided during maneuvers in the western Pacific.

04/13/59: The British admiralty discounts sabotage in three
small fires aboard the Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Eagle.

Atlantic 05/01/59: The USS Randolph (CVA-15) suffers a flash
electrical explosion at the Norfolk Naval Base, Virginia,
killing one.

05/21/59: The Royal Navy boom defense vessel HMS Barnard runs

05/21/59: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Rocket collides with a

Atlantic 05/28/59: A U.S. Navy FJ Fury jet crashes aboard the
USS Essex (CVA-9) east of Jacksonville, Florida, causing
explosions and fire, killing two, and injuring 21.

06/18/59: The Royal Navy submarine depot ship HMS Maidstone
suffers afire.

Atlantic 06/30/59: The starboard rudder guard of the USS Macon
(CA-132) is scraped off in the Welland Canal (connecting Lake
Erie to Lake Ontario), delaying shipping for 17 hours.

Atlantic 07/08/59: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Birmingham and
destroyer HMS Delight collide during exercises off Malta,
killing two.

Atlantic 07/11/59: The USS Gearing (DD-710) is damaged after
colliding with a freighter in Chesapeake Bay.

Atlantic 07/31/59: The USS Upshur (AP-198) is heavily damaged by
fire at the Brooklyn Army Terminal, New York.

Atlantic 08/11/59: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Broadsword
suffers a fire off Iceland.

Atlantic 08/13/59: A Soviet warship, believed to be a destroyer
shadowing NATO maneuvers, collides with the West German coastal
vessel Christelin fog 30 miles off Kiel, West Germany. The
Sovietship reportedly stands by with its engines stopped while
the Christel's crew works to plug a hole, then steams off when
theChristel is out of immediate danger.

Atlantic 08/15/59: The U.S. Navy discloses that a ruptured water
pipe aboard the USS Nautilus (SSN-571) partly flooded a
compartment while theship was submerged off Newfoundland four
months ago. No injuries resulted.

Atlantic 08/18/59: The USS Wasp (CVS-18) is heavily damaged by
an explosion andsubsequent fires when a helicopter engine
explodes while beingtested in hangar bay Number 1 as the ship is
operating 250 mileseast of Norfolk, Virginia. The fires and
reflashes takeover two hours to control. The ship was carrying
nuclear weapons. In the first 30 minutes as the fires burned out
of control and the forward magazines were flooded, preliminary
preparationsalso were made to flood the nuclear weapon
magazine.It was not flooded, however, and 30 minutes later the
nuclear weapon magazine reported no significant rise in
temperature. Butwater from the fire-fighting efforts eventually
leaked into thenuclear weapon magazine aroundelectrical cables.

Atlantic 08/25/59: A U.S. Navy F8U Crusader jet crashes into the
rear of the USS Independence (CVA-62) off Norfolk, Virginia,
killing one man and causing a fire.

08/27/59: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Hogue is involved in a

Atlantic 08/29/59: The USS Decatur (DD-936) suffers an engine
room fire while docked in Naples, Italy. The fire is
extinguished after two hours during which the ammunition stores
are flooded as a precautionary measure.

09/01/59: The Royal Navy diving tender HMS Deepwater suffers a

Atlantic 09/29/59: The USS Bristol (DD-857) collides with the
Italian merchantvessel Italia Fassio in fog in the Nantucket
Shoals area offMassachusetts. The Bristol is slightly damaged.

Atlantic 10/04/59: The USS Tench (SS-417) runs aground on a
mudbank in Portsmouth, U.K. The submarine is lifted off the
mudbank without damage.

Atlantic 10/04/59: The USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVA-42)
collides with the USSPawcatuck (AO-108) during refueling off
Virginia. Both vessels are slightly damaged.

Atlantic 10/05/59: The USS Seadragon (SSN-584) on the surface at
night during its sea trials collides with a whale, or possibly a
large shark,off Portsmouth, New Hampshire, bending one of its
propellers.The submarine proceeds to Portsmouth for repairs on
its own power using its other propeller.

10/07/59: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Redpole collides with an
oil lighter, sustaining an eight-foot hole in its bow.

Atlantic 10/15/59: "Apparently intentional" damage to electrical
cables of the USSNautilus (SSN-571) is discovered during
overhaul at the naval shipyard in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. The
Navy says the damage appears to confined to the electrical
system and "does notextend to the nuclear reactor plant." The
Navy disclosure of the incident follows an article in the
Portsmouth Herald which reports a series of incidents involving
"sabotage-type" damage to the craft including fires, cut cables,
brokenpipes, and other damage to vital parts.

Atlantic 11/04/59: The USS Willis A. Lee (DL-4) suffers a fire
after an explosion of an anti-aircraft round during exercises
off Newport, RhodeIsland.

Indian 11/06/59: The USS Threadfin (SS-410) is rammed by the
Greek freighterNikolas Mikhalos at the entrance to the Suez
Canal as both ships are exiting to the Red Sea.

Atlantic 11/08/59: The Soviet cruiser Sverdlovsk collides with
the German coastal vessel Hilda Rebecca in the Kiel Canal. The
Sverdlovsk continues into the Baltic while the Hilda Rebecca has
tobe beached for repairs.

Pacific 11/09/59: A fire is discovered in the pump room of the
USS Midway (CVA-41) at the Subic Bay Navy Base, Philippines.
Arson is blamed for the incident.

11/27/59: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Tiger suffers a fire.

Atlantic 12/16/59: The USS Searcher (AGR-4) reaches Boston,
Massachusetts, safely under tow after being disabled at sea for
five days with boiler trouble.

Atlantic 01/11/60: An arresting gear cable aboard the USS
Independence (CVA-62)breaks as an aircraft lands while the ship
is operating off theFlorida coast, killing one.

Atlantic 02/04/60: Eleven men are swept overboard from the USS
Daly (DD-519) during sea trials 200 miles off the Virginia
coast, killing seven.

Atlantic 02/13/60: The USS Skate (SSN-578) suffers "very minor"
damage after colliding with a concrete pier at Electric
Boatyard, Groton, Connecticut.

Atlantic 02/28/60: In late February in the Atlantic the USS
Triton (SSN-586), shortly after departure for a submerged global
circumnavigation,suffers a leak in a main condenser circulating
water pump, necessitating the shutdown of the port reactor for
five hours toeffect repairs.

Atlantic 03/01/60: In the beginning of March the USS Triton
(SSN-586), while traveling down the Atlantic, springs a severe
leak in its starboard propeller shaft due to loose bolts and an
improperly installedwater seal.

Atlantic 03/19/60: The USS Darby (DE-218) collides with the
Swedish ore carrierSoya Atlantic off Cape Henry while returning
from exercisesoff the Virginia Capes, killing two.

Atlantic 04/04/60: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Narwhal
runs aground inhigh winds off Scotland.

Pacific 04/07/60: The USS Shangri-La (CV-38) suffers an
explosion of an air separator operated by a gasoline motor while
near Valparaiso, Chile, injuring three.

Atlantic 04/24/60: The USS Triton (SSN-586) suffers a serious
casualty in the after torpedo room when a hydraulic line to the
stern plane mechanism bursts just prior to the end of its global
circumnavigation. Quick action by crew members prevents the
accident fromgetting out of control. The leak is stopped and
hydraulic poweris restored.

Atlantic 05/25/60: The USS Saratoga (CVA-60) collides with the
ore carrier Bernd Leonhardt off North Carolina. The accident
touches off ajet fuel fire on the Saratoga which is quickly

Atlantic 05/30/60: The USS Saratoga (CVA-60) suffers an oil-fed
flash fire at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Virginia, where the
carrier had docked after a collision on 25 May. The fire
scorches the vessel's amidships hull.

Atlantic 06/08/60: Sabotage is suspected in an incident
involving damage to a shipyard fire hose used on board the USS
Nautilus (SSN-571) for testing the ship's evaporators while the
ship is undergoing overhaul at PortsmouthNaval Shipyard, New
Hampshire. The Navy says, "No damage occurred to the ship."

Pacific 06/14/60: The USS Sargo (SSN-583) suffers an explosion
and fire in itsaft end while docked in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The
fire startsfrom a leak in a high-pressure line that was pumping
oxygen aboard. The explosion occurs a few moments later. When
dock unitsand boats are unable to bring the fire under control
quickly, officers take the Sargo a short distance from the dock
and deliberately submerge it with the stern torpedo hatch open
to put out the blaze. The Navy says the ship's nuclear reactors
weresealed off, and there was "absolutely no danger of an
explosionfrom the reactor compartment." The submarine is
extensively damaged and is drydocked taking three months to
repair. The Sargo is the first nuclear ship in the Pacific Fleet
and wasscheduled to take the visiting King and Queen of Thailand
on a cruise the next day.

Pacific 07/19/60: The USS Ammen (DD-527) and USS Collett
(DD-730) collidein heavy fog off Newport Beach, California.
Eleven of the Ammen's crew are killed and 20 are injured, and
the ship is damaged beyond repair.

Pacific 08/10/60: The USS Bennington (CV-20) and USS Edwards
(DD-619) collide during refueling 175 miles off California. A
Navy spokesmanlater says that the Edwards "apparently
loststeering control" and its superstructure smashed into the
Bennington's Number 3 elevator. The destroyer is extensively
damaged while the carrier is only slightly damaged.

Atlantic 08/12/60: The USS Exultant (MSO-441) suffers an oil
fire in the engineroom while operating off Georgia, killing

Atlantic 08/24/60: A U.S. Navy minesweeper is swamped at
Charleston, South Carolina.

08/28/60: Unexplained engine room damage delays the sailing of
the Royal Navy destroyer HMS Dainty. Sabotage is suspected.

Pacific 09/14/60: The Australian destroyer Anzuc accidentally
fires a salvo into the hull of the Australian destroyer Tobruk
opening a hole above the waterline during maneuvers off

Pacific 11/04/60: The USS Cree (ATF-84) is accidentally bombed
by a plane fromthe USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) during exercises in
the westernPacific.

Atlantic 11/28/60: About this date six men are soaked by reactor
coolant while working on the USS Nautilus (SSN-571) at
Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, New Hampshire. One man accidentally
bumped a valve releasing the water onto himself and the others.
Clothes anddosimeters were thrown away, making radiation
measurement impossible.

Atlantic 12/19/60: Fire breaks out on the hangar deck of the USS
Constellation(CVA-64) in the last stages of construction at the
New York Naval Shipyard. Reports list 50 dead and an estimated
damage of $45million. A Navy court of inquiry investigation
later findsthere were 42 small fires earlier in the year. The
fire delaysthe ship's commissioning by several months to 27
October 1961.

Atlantic 01/06/61: A Sea Vixen helicopter crashes into the sea
at night after a deck accident on the Royal Navy aircraft
carrier HMS Ark Royalwhile the ship is near Malta.

Atlantic 01/12/61: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Oberon
runs aground at Rothesay Bay in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland,
while maneuvering to tie up to a buoy. The Oberon is refloated
the next day without damage.

Atlantic 01/14/61: The USS Johnston (DD-821) and USS Keppler
(DD-765) are slightly damaged in a "glancing collision" 200
miles off the North Carolina coast.

01/18/61: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Brighton suffers a fire.

Atlantic 01/23/61: The USS Saratoga (CVA-60) suffers a fire
caused by a ruptured oil line while in the Ionian Sea en route
to Athens, Greece, killing seven.

Pacific 01/27/61: The USS Ticonderoga (CV-14) suffers a brief
fire when a diesel generator blows up while the ship is at Naval
Air Station North Island, San Diego, California.

Atlantic 02/03/61: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Alaric
strikes a sandbank and is grounded for 20 minutes near Sheerness
off the east coast of the U.K.

Antarctic 03/02/61: The USS Glacier (AGB-4) and USS Staten
Island (AGB-5) break free after being stuck in the ice in
Antarctica for nine days.

Atlantic 04/12/61: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Finwhale
arrives in theFirth of Clyde, Scotland, with a six-by-two-foot
hole in her casing caused by heavy seas in a gale as she sailed
to the Arcticfor underwater tests. A dent on thealuminum casing
forward of the sail measures 20 by 6 feet.

04/25/61: A boiler explosion occurs aboard the USS Intrepid
(CVS-11),injuring 11.

Atlantic 04/27/61: The USS Diamond Head (AE-19) is holed above
the waterline ina collision with the USS Independence (CVA-62)
in the Caribbean.

Atlantic 04/30/61: The USS Baldwin (DD-624) runs aground off
Montauk Point, NewYork. One sailor is killed and one hurt when a
steel cable whiplashes during an attempt to free the ship. The
ship is subsequently scuttled.

Indian 07/10/61: The munitions ship Save runs aground and
explodes off Mozambique.

Atlantic 07/21/61: The USS Angler (SS-240) is slightly damaged
in a minor collision with the freighter Export Adventurer during
maneuvers with a destroyer 15 miles south of Block Island, Rhode

Atlantic 08/09/61: The USS Kitty Hawk (CVA-63) suffers a boiler
breakdown involving ruptured tubes at Norfolk, Virginia, just
prior to its shakedown cruise.

08/19/61: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Broadsword suffers a
damaged boiler.

Atlantic 09/26/61: A U.S. Navy tanker catches fire and explodes
while in port at Morehead City, North Carolina, killing one.
Flames from the burning ship threaten seven huge storage tanks
containing more than ten million gallons of high octane aviation

Pacific 09/26/61: The USS Charr (SS-328) suffers an engine room
flood while submerged at 100 feet and operating 150 miles west
of San Diego, California. Two sailors seal themselves in the
flooded compartment and save the submarine and its 76 crewmen by
manning thecontrols until the submarine surfaces.

Atlantic 10/16/61: The USS Randolph (CVS-15) collides with the
Liberian tankerAtlantic Viscountess 325 miles east of
Charleston, South Carolina. The collision ruptures a gasoline
line on the carrier causing a flash fire which is extinguished
in less than fiveminutes.

Atlantic 11/02/61: During its sea trials the USS Thresher
(SSN-593) docks at San Juan, Puerto Rico. Its reactor is shut
down and a diesel generator is started up to provide electricty
in keeping with usualdocking procedures. But after seven or
eight hours ofoperation the diesel generator breaks down. While
sailors workon the generator, electricity is provided by an
electric storagebattery. The generator takes much longer than
expected to repair, however, and so the decision is made to
restart thereactor. But, a nuclear reactor takes several hours
and considerable electricity to restart, and the Thresher's
battery isdepleted before the reactor becomes critical. With no
electricity to keep the ventilation system going, the submarine
startsto heat up. Temperatures in the machinery spaces reach
approximately 140 degrees. Some men are ordered out suffering
from theheat and fumes, and the captain fears the heat and
humidity could damage electrical equipment and lead to a general
evacuation.Ultimately the problem is solved by hooking up
electrical cablesto the diesel-electric powered submarine
Cavalla (SS-244) which is moored alongside early the next
morning. With electricity from the Cavalla, the Thresher's
reactor is able tobe restarted.

11/06/61: A fire on the newly-commissioned USS Constellation
(CVA-64)breaks out at sea, killing four and severely injuring

Atlantic 12/05/61: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Falmouth collides
with the navalauxiliary HMS Tide Flow during antisubmarine
warfare exercises in Lyme Bay off the Dorset coast, U.K. The
Falmouth is holed above and below the waterline, but returns
toPortland, U.K., under its own power. The Tide Flow
sufferssuperficial damage.

Atlantic 12/21/61: A rocket motor aboard the USS Meredith
(DD-890) ignites andburns on its launcher, causing an intense
fire of short duration, while the ship is at Mayport, Florida.
The commander of the destroyersquadron to which the Meredith is
attached says that safetyfeatures prevented the rocket from
leaving the ship.

Atlantic 12/31/61: In 1961 an accident in the nuclear power
plant of an early classof Soviet nuclear-powered ballistic
missile submarine (probablya Hotel class) reportedly occurs near
the coast of England while ship is returning from a
trainingexercise. Crew members were seriously contaminated and
parts ofthe ship and its missiles were also contaminated when a
coolingpipe broke.The level of radiation is reported to have
been five roentgens per hour in the space where the pipe broke.
After a two-month ventilation of the submarine, a decision is
made to transfer the missiles to twodiesel-powered submarines
for their test launches.

Arctic 01/06/62: Western intelligence sources report that a
submarine belonging to the United States or another NATO power
was damaged and forcedto the surface by a 20-megaton underwater
nuclear test blast set off by the SovietUnion in the Barents
Sea.  The detonation point is said to havebeen about 100 miles
from the submarine whose commander is quoted as saying, "If we
had been much closer we might not have survived."

Atlantic 01/16/62: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal
suffers propeller damage when it runs aground in Plymouth Sound
on its way through a deep water channel to the Devonport, U.K.,

01/31/62: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Eagle suffers
unknown damage in an accident.

02/03/62: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Carron suffers damage
caused bysailors.

Atlantic 02/20/62: The USS Balao (SS-285) is snagged by the
tow-line of the ocean tug Torrent IV while cruising 110 feet
below the surfaceoff the Florida coast. The accident damages one
of the Balao's mastheadlights, punches two small holes in the
superstructure supportingthe periscope, and breaks one radar
antenna and damages another. Neither the tug nor the barge under
tow receives damage.

Atlantic 03/05/62: An aircraft arresting cable aboard the USS
Forrestal (CVA-59) snaps while the carrier is en route from
Guantanamo Naval Base, Cuba, to Norfolk, Virginia, killing one.

Atlantic 03/06/62: The USS Monssen (DD-798) is grounded by a
storm at Beach Haven, New Jersey.

Atlantic 03/12/62: The USS Proteus (AS-19) suffers a brief fire
during a weekend training cruise in the Irish Sea. The fire,
which causes onlyslight damage, apparently started in a pile of

Atlantic 03/21/62: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Rothesay rams the
Turkish dieselsubmarine Gur in the western Mediterranean during
the NATO exercise "Dawn Breeze." Both ships suffer damage and
proceed toGibraltar.

Atlantic 03/26/62: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Dreadnought suffers a fire in a cabin while the
ship is under construction at Barrow-in-Furness, U.K.

Pacific 03/30/62: The USS England (DLG-22) suffers an explosion
and fire at San Pedro, California, injuring 18 workmen before
the fire is brought under control.

Atlantic 04/09/62: The USS Thomas A. Edison (SSBN-610) collides
with the USS Wadleigh (DD-689) during antisubmarine warfare
exercises 200 miles east of Norfolk, Virginia. The Edison's
topside rudderis slightly bent and the destroyer's forward
bottom platesare pierced. The Edison is repaired at Newport
News, Virginia, in several hours while the Wadleigh goes into
drydock for several weeks. According to a Navy spokesman the
collision resulted from a misunderstanding between the two ships
andoccurred as the Edison was surfacing. No one is injured.

Atlantic 04/11/62: Fire breaks out in the rudder section of the
USS Thomas A. Edison (SSBN-610) at Norfolk, Virginia. The fire
is caused by the heat from a workman's acetylene torch and is
brought under control within 30 minutes.

Pacific 04/29/62: A British Gannet aircraft crashes on the Royal
Navy aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal while the ship participates
in a SEATO exercise in the South China Sea, killing one.

05/03/62: Police investigate damaged electrical cables on the
Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Eagle. Further damage is found
the nextday.

Pacific 05/10/62: The USS Permit (SSN-594) is run over by the
cargo ship Hawaiian Citizen while the Permit is on a submerged
test runnear the Farallon Islands 30 miles from San Francisco,
California. A Navy spokesman said the only damage to the
submarine wasa bending of the doors to the conning tower. The
crew had to force the doors open to raise the radio antenna to
communicate with freighters standing by.

Atlantic 06/03/62: The USS Thresher (SSN-593) is damaged in a
collision with acommercial tug that was berthing it at Port
Canaveral, Florida,receiving a three-foot gash in the
submarine's ballast tanks about a foot below the waterline.The
submarine went to New London, Connecticut, under its own power
to effect repairs.

Atlantic 06/07/62: The U.S. destroyer USS Sumner runs aground
off Golfe Juan inthe Mediterranean during a windstorm.

06/15/62: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Blackpool suffers damage
caused by a sailor.

Pacific 06/25/62: The USS Tiru (SS-416) suffers a fire which
forces the vesselto make an emergency surfacing 15 miles
southwest of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, with 18 men suffering from
smoke inhalation. A malfunction of a practice torpedo in the
torpedo roomcaused the fire.

Pacific 07/01/62: A U.S. Navy F8U Crusader aircraft crashes into
the USS Ranger (CVA-61) at sea off California, injuring two.

Atlantic 08/01/62: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Battleaxe
collides with the frigate HMS Ursa in the Clyde river, Scotland,
during the night. The Battleaxe is subsequently scrapped.

Atlantic 08/28/62: A British Meteor aircraft hits the mast of
the Royal Navy minesweeper HMS Appleton while exercising off
Malta. The aircraftis piloted safely to Luqa airport, Malta.

08/29/62: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal suffers
a galemishap.

Pacific 09/13/62: A Japanese fishing boat collides with a
submarine, believed to be Soviet, and sinks off Northern Japan.
The crew of 16 escapeson rafts and rubber boats.

Atlantic 10/04/62: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Ashanti breaks
down during sea trials in the Caribbean Sea.

Atlantic 10/09/62: A Danish diesel submarine gets caught in the
net of a British fishing trawler. The submarine surfaces with
damage to neither vessel and apologies were exchanged.

Atlantic 10/10/62: The USS Triton (SSN-586) suffers a fire
during repairs in New London, Connecticut. A spokesman for
Electric Boat Division of General Dynamics Corporation said
there was only minor damageto one compartment and thatno one was
injured. He said no radioactivity was involved. Thecause of the
fire was said to be undetermined.

Atlantic 10/13/62: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Odin
touches the bed ofthe English Channel at 150 feet five miles
south of Portland Bill during a night exercise, damaging the
rudder. The submarine is towed back to Portland harbor, U.K.

Atlantic 10/15/62: The New York Times reports that one of six
Soviet diesel-powered attack submarines operating in the
Caribbean during the Cuban missile crisis experiences mechanical
trouble and is unableto submerge except for short periods.On 15
November the Associated Press reports that a Canadian AirForce
patrol plane sighted the Soviet submarine off Halifax still
unable to submerge. It eventually returns to the Soviet Unionon
the surface with a trawler escort.

Pacific 10/25/62: The New York Times reports that well before
the Cuban missile crisis a mechanical breakdown occurred in a
Soviet diesel-powered submarine in the Gulf of Alaska. The
submarine could notsubmerge and was escorted home by a trawler.

Pacific 11/05/62: The USS Kearsarge (CVS-33) and USS Mattaponi
(AO-41) areslightly damaged in a collision during refueling off

Atlantic 11/14/62: The USS Wasp (CVS-18) and the USS Holder
(DDE-819) collide during refueling while in the Atlantic while
taking part in the U.S. quarantine of Cuba during the Cuban
missile crisis.

11/20/62: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Centaur suffers a
steamleak in the boiler room, killing five.

Indian 11/26/62: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Albion
collides with a tug in Aden harbor, Aden. The tug sinks with two

Pacific 12/03/62: The USS Kearsarge (CVS-33) and the SS Oriana
collide indense fog off Long Beach, California. The Oriana
suffers a20-foot hole near its bow and the Kearsarge suffers a
25-foot rip about ten feet aft on the starboard side.

Atlantic 12/14/62: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Otter
rams a trawler offPlymouth, U.K. The crew of the trawler abandon
ship and are rescued by a nearby launch.

Arctic 12/31/62: During 1962, the engine room of the USS Skate
(SSN-578) begins to flood after a seawater circulation line
fails while the submarine is submerged at 400 feet on the way
through Baffin Bay off Thule, Greenland. Seawater sprays in and
startsto flood the engine room. The submarine does not lose
power and surfaces safely. On the surface, with the water
pressure greatly reduced, the flooding is successfully stopped.

Pacific 01/03/63: The USS Core (AKV-41) runs aground in heavy
fog off Fort Baker under the Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco,

Pacific 01/15/63: A jet fighter attempting to land snaps a cable
aboard the USS Constellation (CVA-64) while the ship is
operating in the eastern Pacific, injuring 11, including three
whose legs have to beamputated.

Atlantic 02/09/63: In the mid-Atlantic a wave washes over the
Number 1 elevator onthe USS Enterprise (CVAN-65) while the
elevator is in the down position. Four men are washed overboard.
Two are rescued, but one later dies.

Atlantic 02/20/63: An aircraft crash aboard the USS Enterprise
(CVAN-65) sweepsthe carrier's deck with fire while it is
operating in the Atlantic, killing two.

Pacific 02/28/63: The USS Baussell (DD-845) runs aground off
Djakarta, Indonesia, prior to a scheduled visit to that city.
The ship is refloated four days later.

Pacific 03/13/63: The side of the USS Valley Forge (CV-45) is
slightly damagedby a fire when an oil film on the water is
ignited by sparks from a welder's torch at Long Beach,

Pacific 04/01/63: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Tabard
collides with a wharf damaging its sonar equipment while
berthing in Brisbane, Australia.

04/01/63: In April the Royal Navy minelayer HMS Manxman runs

Arctic 04/01/63: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Grampus
returns to Gosport, U.K., after spending three weeks under the
polar icecap looking for holes in the ice. During the patrol it
superficially damages its hull on the ice.

Atlantic 04/05/63: The USS Great Sitkin (AE-17) suffers slight
damage during afire of unknown origin while tied up at the Main
Ship Repair Corporation in Brooklyn, New York.

Pacific 04/05/63: The USS Ranger (CVA-61) suffers an explosion
and fire in theboiler uptakes while en route from Beppu, Japan,
to Iwakuni, Japan.

Atlantic 04/08/63: An unidentified submarine becomes entangled
in the nets of the trawler Sunappee off New England and drags
overboard about $3,000 worth of fishing gear.

Atlantic 04/10/63: The USS Thresher (SSN-593) sinks in
approximately 8,400 feetof water 220 miles east of Boston while
conducting post-overhaul trials, killing all 129 men on board.
The Navy Court of Inquiry concludes a flooding casualty in the
engine roombrought about by a piping system failure in one of
the submarine's saltwater systems is the most probable cause of
the sinking.The Thresher is never recovered.

05/04/63: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Diamond suffers an engine

Atlantic 05/07/63: A fire occurs aboard the USS Flasher
(SSN-613) at the Electric Boat shipyard, Groton, Connecticut,
killing three and injuring two. Damage to the ship is reportedly
negligible. The fire occurred in the trimmingtank of the
submarine, scheduled to be launched on 14 June.

Pacific 05/08/63: The USS Woodrow Wilson (SSBN-624) suffers a
fire while underconstruction at Mare Island Naval Shipyard in
Vallejo, California, injuring three. The fire causes only minor
damage to theWilson and occurs when a heavy cable comes in
contact with aswitchboard on the submarine.

Pacific 05/08/63: The submerged Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS
Tabard collides with the Royal Australian Navy frigate
Queensborough off Jervis Bay, New South Wales, Australia, during
exercises. The submarine suffers superficial damage and a bent
finand returns to Sydney.

05/22/63: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Devonshire suffers engine

Atlantic 05/29/63: A flash fire breaks out in the boiler room of
the USS Blandy(DD-943) shortly after it arrives in Portland,
Maine, to participate in Memorial Day exercises.

06/04/63: The USS Asterion (AF-63) and the Japanese freighter
KokokuMaru collide.

Atlantic 06/07/63: The USS Tinosa (SSN-606) collides with the
USS John Adams (SSBN-620) while being moved in the Portsmouth
Naval Shipyard,New Hampshire, when a tug towline snaps.  The
Tinosa received, what the Navy said, was a "small dent below
thewaterline" in the bow.

06/10/63: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Rorqual is caught
in a trawler's net.

07/04/63: The USS Salmon (SS-573) suffers personnel casualties
when mercury from a broken thermometer comes into contact with a
hot grid, creating toxic mercury vapor, resulting in the
intoxicationof 14 crewmembers.

Atlantic 07/22/63: The USS William C. Lawe (DD-763) rams and
sinks a U.S. Navytug when the tug loses steering control and
crosses into the path of the destroyer in the St. John's River
near Jacksonville, Florida.

Atlantic 07/27/63: The U.S. freighter Irish Spruce strikes the
docked USS Pratt (DE-363) at Norfolk, Virginia.

07/29/63: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Leopard is in a collision.

Pacific 08/02/63: The USS Tingey (DD-539) and USS Vammen
(DE-644) collideduring a Naval Reserve exercise 200 miles off
southern California. The Tingey is partly flooded from a deep
gash in its starboard side and the Vammen suffers a damaged bow,
butboth ships make it back to their homeports.

Atlantic 08/15/63: A F3H Demon aircraft lands on the fouled deck
of the USS Saratoga (CVA-60) while the ship is operating in the
Mediterranean,killing two and seriously injuring nine. Fifteen
aircraft sustain damage.

Pacific 08/19/63: The USS Constellation (CVA-64) suffers an
arresting gear accident while operating in the western Pacific.

Pacific 08/27/63: The USS Grayback (SSG-574) suffers a serious
fire in the after crew's berthing as a result of a casualty to
the main propulsion circuit breaker while operating in the
northern Pacific, killing one man and injuring five.

Pacific 09/10/63: The USS McDermut (DD-677) collides with the
USS Gregory(DD-802) during night antisubmarine warfare exercises
off southern California. The McDermut suffers damage to its bow
and the Gregory suffers a split in her starboard side to themain

Atlantic 09/21/63: The USS Grouse (MSCO-15) runs aground on Cape
Ann, Massachusetts. After attempts to free the ship fail, the
Grouse isdestroyed by fire.

Atlantic 09/26/63: Fire breaks out in a fuel system of the Royal
Navy aircraft carrier HMS Centaur at the Portsmouth naval base,
U.K., killingone.

Atlantic 09/27/63: The USS Barry (DD-933) accidently discharges
a torpedo intothe deck house of the USS Decatur (DD-936) moored
alongsidein Newport, Rhode Island. There are no injuries or

10/03/63: The USS Medregal (SS-480) is struck by an MK-37
torpedo fired by the USS Sabalo (SS-302) during exercises.
Damage is not major.

Pacific 10/09/63: The USS Caliente (AO-53) and USS Nereus
(AS-17) collidein the San Diego, California, operating area
during refueling exercises. Both ships are damaged.

Atlantic 10/18/63: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Porpoise
collides with the aircraft carrier HMS Centaur when it is caught
by an ebbtide and drifts broadside onto the bows of the berthed
carrier while leaving Portsmouth harbor, U.K. Thesubmarine
suffers superficial damage.

Atlantic 10/24/63: The USS Roberts (DE-749) collides with the
Swedish ore carrier Luossa inside the Baltimore, Maryland,
harbor in dense fog. The Roberts suffers minor flooding due to a
small gash in its starboard quarter.

Atlantic 11/29/63: A U.S. Navy tanker and a runaway barge each
loaded with gasolinecollide at New Orleans, Louisiana, putting
an eight-foot gash in the side of the tanker.

Atlantic 12/16/63: The USS Essex (CVS-9) en route to the United
States is struck by two heavy waves while west of the Azores,
causing a radarmast to snap. The mast falls to the deck,
damaging both the radar and aircraft.

Atlantic 12/20/63: The second Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Valiant suffers a fire at the Vickers-Armstrong
Yard at Barrow-in-Furness, U.K., while the ship is fitting out
after being launched on 3 December. The fire is in the
reactorcompartment in a wooden structure where workers change
their clothing. Mr. R. M. Nicholson, the shipyard general
manager, saysthere is no nuclear hazard since the core of the
reactor was notinstalled.

01/04/64: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Trump tows a

Atlantic 01/10/64: The USS Lake Champlain (CVS-39) loses 41 feet
of its catwalkin a storm in the Virginia Capes area.

Atlantic 01/10/64: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Tiptoe
runs aground in the Clyde River, Scotland, coincidently right in
front of the house of the area's senior naval officer.

01/14/64: The Royal Navy cable ship HMS Bullfinch runs aground.

01/24/64: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Hermes suffers a
fire, believed to be caused deliberately.

02/09/64: The USS Blue Jacket (T-AF-51) collides with the German
fishing boat Coaster Dirk, killing six of the fishing boat's
seven-member crew.

Pacific 02/10/64: The Royal Australian Navy destroyer Voyager
sinks after colliding with the Australian aircraft carrier
Melbourne off NewSouth Wales, killing 82.

Pacific 02/16/64: An A3J Vigilante aircraft crashes aboard the
USS Hornet (CVS-12) operating in the Pacific before the
barricade could be rigged, killing the pilot and injuring two
crew members.

Atlantic 03/03/64: The USS Newman K. Perry (DD-883) collides
with a sulfur barge in Tampa Bay, Florida, sinking the barge and
flooding the destroyer from stem to Frame 8.

Atlantic 03/11/64: The USS Searcher (AGR-4), on station off the
U.S. east coast, loses a propeller in heavy seas. A Coast Guard
ship takes theSearcher in tow.

Atlantic 03/27/64: The USS Antares (T-AKR-294) suffers a fire 40
miles off North Carolina.

Atlantic 04/01/64: During night flight operations, the Number 3
elevator of the USSRandolph (CVS-15) tears loose from its
mountings, droppingfive men and a S-2F Tracker antisubmarine
warfare plane into theAtlantic. Only three men are rescued.

Atlantic 04/02/64: The USS Harlan R. Dickson (DD-708) runs
aground a mile eastof Deer Island Light off Boston,
Massachusetts. The ship is refloated in two hours with damage to
screws, the sonar dome, and plating.

04/02/64: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Nubian is in a collision.

Atlantic 04/04/64: The USS General Simon B. Buckner (AP-123)
collides with a Liberian freighter in high winds in the harbor
at Upper Bay, New York.

Pacific 04/16/64: The USS Mission San Antonio (AO-119) and a
small South Korean fishing craft collide off the west coast of
Korea in foggy weather. There is no damage to the tanker and
five Koreans are rescued, but two are killed.

Atlantic 05/06/64: The USS Lake Champlain (CVS-39) and USS
Decatur (DD-936)collide in the Atlantic 150 miles east of Cape
Henry, Virginia.The Decatur sustains heavy damage to its
superstructure, but there are no personnel injuries.

05/22/64: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Cavalier is damaged in a

Atlantic 06/03/64: The USS Lake Champlain (CVS-39) collides with
the Norwegianfreighter Skauvaag in the Chesapeake Bay. There are
no injuries.

Pacific 06/12/64: The USS Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31) suffers a
major propulsion system casualty while participating in an
exercise about 160 miles southwest of Sasebo, Japan. The
casualty results in the loss of 50 percent propulsion

06/12/64: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Puma suffers a fire.

Atlantic 06/13/64: Fire damages the hull of the USS Haddock
(SSN-621) still under construction at Pascagoula, Mississippi.
Captain John B. Guerry, supervisor of shipbuilding for the Navy,
said no radioactive material was installed in the Haddock.

Atlantic 06/13/64: A fire slightly damages the USS Randolph
(CVS-15) while theship is in Norfolk, Virginia.

06/26/64: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Diamond collides with the
frigate HMS Salisbury.

Atlantic 06/28/64: The USS Sea Leopard (SS-483) suffers a fire
in the forward engine room during overhaul at the Norfolk Naval
Shipyard, Virginia.

Atlantic 07/01/64: The USS Henry Clay (SSBN-625) runs aground on
a shoal in themouth of the James River and is pulled free an
hour later by two tugs. The submarine was en route from Newport
News, Virginia,across Hampton Roads to pick upDeputy Secretary
of Defense Cyrus Vance in Norfolk, Virginia. No damage is

Pacific 07/26/64: A suddenly intensifying storm causes damage to
three navy shipsanchored in Buckner Bay, Okinawa. The USS George
Clymer (APA-27) and the USS Eldorado (AGC-11) collide after
dragging their anchors, and the USS Weiss (APD-135) is grounded
whenthe anchor chain parts. There are no injuries.

08/15/64: The Royal Navy depot ship HMS Tyne experiences a
flooded magazine.

09/05/64: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Lion collides with the
frigate HMS Lowestoft.

Pacific 09/11/64: A rocket motor used to boost aircraft explodes
aboard the USS Constellation (CVA-64) while the ship cruises in
the South China Sea, killing one and injuring three.

09/12/64: Flooding damages the command ship USS Wright (CC-2),
the National Emergency Command Post Afloat, including the
steering compartments so that the ship has no rudder control and
can only maneuver with the aid of tugs.

Atlantic 09/29/64: The USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVA-42)
sustains damage to its Number 1 propeller during normal
operations in the Mediterranean.  The USS Independence (CVA-62)
relieves the Roosevelt on Mediterranean duty and it returns to
the U.S.to drydock.

Pacific 09/29/64: An explosion aboard the USS Sproston (DD-577)
in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, is caused by a short circuit during
work on an indicator light. The propellant in a rocket ignites
and the magazineis flooded to prevent further damage. Three
people areextensively burned.

Pacific 10/08/64: Three U.S. Navy officers and three Filipino
civilian workers arekilled in an explosion and fire aboard the
floating drydock AFDM-8 at Guam.

Atlantic 10/13/64: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal
suffers an electrical fire when an electrical circuit is tested,
which in turnignites some cardboard boxes in a storeroom, while
the ship isin a Devonport, U.K., dockyard undergoing a refit.

10/15/64: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Keppel suffers damage.

Atlantic 11/03/64: The Canadian aircraft carrier Bonaventure
suffers an explosion and fire in a refrigeration unit while the
ship is undergoingrefit in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada,
killing one dock worker and injuring four.

Atlantic 01/09/65: The USS Ethan Allen (SSBN-608) collides with
the Norwegian freighter Octavian in the eastern Mediterranean
while at periscope depth. The U.S. Department of Defense says
"damage was negligible," no casualties occurred, and both the
submarine andthe freighter continued on their way after
exchanging identification.

Pacific 01/16/65: The USS Whitehurst (DE-634), a Naval Reserve
Training Ship,collides with the Norweigian freighter Hoyander at
the entrance of Vancouver harbor 2,500 yards west of the Lions
Gate Bridge, British Columbia, Canada, in dense fog at night as
bothships are leaving the harbor. Both ships are grounded and
the Whitehurst is holed in the stern. The Whitehurst is
refloated the next day.

Pacific 02/27/65: A plane from the USS Midway (CVA-41) is
inadvertently shot down by a USS Preble (DLG-15) missile when it
overflies the missile range during southern California maneuvers
for the "Silver Lance" exercise. The pilot is killed.

Pacific 04/15/65: The USS Ranger (CVA-61) suffers an engine room
fire off South Vietnam, killing one.

Atlantic 06/16/65: The USS Hartley (DE-1029) collides with the
Norwegian merchantman Blue Master off Cape Henry, Virginia. Its
engine roomfloods as a result and the Hartley is towed to
Norfolk, Virginia, by the USS Kiowa (ATF-72).

Atlantic 06/20/65: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Hermes
suffers damage toa number of gauges while the ship is undergoing
a major refit at Devonport, U.K. Sabotage is suspected.

07/09/65: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Orpheus is in a

Pacific 07/13/65: The USS Medregal (SS-480) collides with the
Lebanese merchant ship The Rodos in the South China Sea
suffering some damage in international waters 18 miles south of
Hainan island. TheU.S. Department of Defense says the submarine
was onroutine operations, but China claims the incident took
place within its territorial waters.

07/14/65: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Tiptoe collides
with thefrigate HMS Yarmouth.

Pacific 07/17/65: The USS Frank Knox (DDR-742) runs aground on
Pratas Reef inthe South China Sea while underway to Taiwan. The
ship is pulled free on 22 August.

07/21/65: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Devonshire suffers an
engine fault.

Atlantic 07/24/65: The fishing trawler Snoopy explodes
apparently after snagging a torpedo off the North Carolina
coast, killing eight.

Atlantic 08/26/65: The USS Shangri-La (CVA-38) and USS Newman K.
Perry (DD-883) collide off Sardinia, killing one sailor and
injuring another on the destroyer. The Perry's bow is crushed
and twistedto starboard. Both are repaired at Naples and return
to dutywith the Sixth Fleet.

Atlantic 09/22/65: The United Kingdom announces that HMS
Dreadnought, its firstnuclear-powered submarine, will be
withdrawn from service due to metal failures which involve
hairline cracks in its internal bulkheads. The submarine returns
to service on2 February 1966 modifications are made to the hull.

Atlantic 10/12/65: The USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVA-42) and
the French merchantman Charles le Borgne collide off southern
France. The carrier sustains little damage and continues its
participation in"Lafayette IX," a two-day bilateral U.S.-French
exercise inthe western Mediterranean. The merchantman sustains
minor structural damage and proceeds under its own power to
Marseilles escorted by the USS Douglas H. Fox (DD-779).

Pacific 10/13/65: The USS Barb (SSN-596) and USS Sargo (SSN-583)
collide while on maneuvers 15 miles west of Oahu, Hawaii. Minor
damagedresulted to the forward end of one submarine and to the
mast andsailof the other, but there were no injuries and both
ships returnedto port under their own power.

Pacific 10/30/65: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal
suffers a firein a boiler room, which causes considerable damage
to wiring and other equipment and puts the ship out of operation
for three weeks while the ship is undergoing routineoverhaul in
a Singapore dockyard.

Pacific 12/05/65: At 2:50 p.m. local time, while the USS
Ticonderoga (CVA-14)is en route from operations off Vietnam to
Yokosuka, Japan, an A-4E aircraft of Attack Squadron 56 loaded
with one B43 nuclear weapon goes overboard. The aircraft was
being rolled from theNumber 2 Hangar Bay to the Number 2
Elevator when it rolled offthe elevator with the pilot
Lieutenant Junior Grade D. M. Webster and the bomb and sank in
2700 fathoms of water. Searchers fail to find the pilot.The
Department of Defense states this accident took place "morethan
500 miles from land" when it reveals the accident in
1981.However Navy documents show the accident occurred about 80
miles east of the Japanese Ryukyu Island chain and 250
milessouth of Kyushu Island, Japan, and about 200 miles east of

Atlantic 12/06/65: The USS Bushnell (AS-15) suffers a major fire
in the Gulf ofMexico. The fire is extinguished with the aid of
the USS Penguin (ASR-12).

Pacific 12/07/65: Fire breaks out in a machinery room on the USS
Kitty Hawk (CVA-63) in the South China Sea, killing two and
injuring 28. Anammunition magazine is flooded as a precautionary

Atlantic 12/13/65: An aircraft fuel tank ruptures on takeoff
from the USS Independence (CVA-62) starting a fire 220 miles
southeast of Norfolk,Virginia, injuring 15.

Atlantic 12/20/65: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Dreadnought suffers a fire in its control room
while undergoing repairsat Rosyth, Scotland. It is quickly put
out by the crew.

Pacific 12/31/65: Mid 1960s -- the New York Times (5/25/75)
reports that ata mid-1960s briefing on a naval intelligence
gathering operation, codenamed Holystone, a U.S. official is
shown a photograph ofthe underside of a Soviet Echo class
nuclear-poweredsubmarine apparently taken inside Vladivostock
harbor. He recalls being told the submarine scraped the bottom
of a Soviet Echoclass submarine and knocked off some of its
equipment during this mission. Briefing participants are told
this happened atleast two other times as well (see 5/25/75

Pacific 01/14/66: The USS General Daniel I. Sultan (T-AP-120)
suffers extensive hull damage and a ruptured fuel tank when it
runs aground in shoal water west of Okinawa. No casualties are
reported. The Sultan is refloated on 15 January.

Atlantic 01/19/66: An "actual nuclear incident" occurs when the
nuclear warhead ona Terrier anti-air missile separates from the
missile and dropsabout eight feet on the USS Luce (DLG-7) while
the ship is docked at Mayport Naval Station, Florida. It is
recorded "therewere no personnel casualties, and aside from the
dent in the warhead, no equipment was damaged."

Atlantic 01/22/66: The missile tracking ship USS American
Mariner (AGM-12) runsaground off Cape Kennedy, Florida.

Pacific 01/23/66: A U.S. Navy tank landing ship (LST) explodes
while docked in Kawasaki, Japan, killing four Japanese workers.

Atlantic 01/27/66: The USS Wasp (CVS-18) is extensively damaged
during a stormin the Caribbean.

Pacific 02/04/66: The USS Brinkley Bass (DD-887) and USS Waddell
(DDG-24)are heavily damaged in a collision while forming for
operationsin the Gulf of Tonkin.

Pacific 03/11/66: The USS Summit County (LST-1146) runs aground
while enteringthe inner harbor at Chu Lai, South Vietnam,
puncturing the hullplating and flooding the main engine room.

03/23/66: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Juno suffers a fire.

04/05/66: The USS Alamo (LSD-33) and USS Kawishiwi (AO-146)
collide during underway replenishment at sea.

Pacific 05/21/66: The USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) and the USS Iwo
Jima (LPH-2)brush briefly in San Diego, California, causing
slight damage.

Atlantic 05/22/66: The Royal Navy survey ship HMS Vidal collides
with the freighter Hong Kong Fair in the mid-Atlantic. Both are
damaged,but stay afloat.

Pacific 05/27/66: The USS Mars (AFS-1) is slightly damaged in a
collision withthe merchant ship Seiwa Maru in dense fog at the
entrance to Tokyo Bay, Japan.

06/03/66: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Galatea is in a collision.

Pacific 06/04/66: The USS Banner (AKL-25) collides with the
Soviet vessel Anemometer in the Sea of Japan. Both ships suffer
minor damage.

Atlantic 06/25/66: USS Stalwart (MSO-493) explodes, burns,
capsizes, and sinksat a pier in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The
minesweeper is later towed to Norfolk, Virginia.

Pacific 06/29/66: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Cambrian's
accidental firing ona Hong Kong village is investigated.

Atlantic 08/10/66: Cracks in welds are discovered in the Royal
Navy nuclear-poweredattack submarine HMS Valiant during the
final stages of itsconstruction at Barrow-in-Furness, U.K.
British steel firms say the cracks do not represent a serious
structuralfailure and are not dangerous to the vessel or its

08/11/66: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Tiger fires a dummy shell
into adock wall.

Atlantic 08/19/66: The USS Raleigh (LPD-1) bumps the cruise
liner France atthe Hudson River pier in New York City, none are

Indian 08/30/66: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Rorqual
suffers an explosion off Mozambique while en route to Singapore,
killing two andinjuring 20.

09/01/66: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Devonshire is in a

Atlantic 09/14/66: The West German training diesel submarine Hai
sinks in the North Sea in 140 feet of water 175 miles northwest
of Wilhelmshaven, West Germany, during a storm, killing 19.

Atlantic 09/15/66: The HMS Resolution, the Royal Navy's first
Polaris nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, is launched
at Barrow-in-Furness, England. A week later cracks are reported
to be found inthe steel hull similar to cracks found in other
nuclearsubmarines built in Britain. The cracks occur in thick
steel welding. The Navy has known about the cracks ever since it
was discovered that the original specification for steel for the
submarines was not of high enough standard. The cracks do not
meanthe submarines will not go to sea, but if there are too many
themetal will have to be rewelded. And, if cracks develop
quickerthan expected, Polaris submarines would require excessive
amounts of welding when they come in for refits between patrols.

09/16/66: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Relentless suffers a

Pacific 10/26/66: A major fire on the USS Oriskany (CVA-34)
occurs while the carrier is operating off Vietnam. The fire
starts when a crewmanpanics and throws a flare, which had
accidently ignited while being moved, into a storagelocker
located at the forward starboard corner of Hanger Bay 1.The
locker contains some 650 other flares, which ignite in turn. The
resulting fire takes three hours to control, kills 44, destroys
or damages six aircraft, and puts the carrier out ofaction for
several months.

Pacific 11/03/66: The USS Tiru (SS-416) runs aground on
Frederick Reef in theCoral Sea and is freed on 6 November.

Pacific 11/04/66: A flash fire occurs in a storage compartment
containing oil andhydraulic fluid four decks below the hangar
deck of the USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVA-42) while the ship is
on station in the South China Sea, killing seven.

Atlantic 11/10/66: The USS Nautilus (SSN-571) collides with the
USS Essex (CVS-9) while running submerged about 350 miles east
of MoreheadCity, North Carolina, during underway replenishment
exercises.Both ships return to port unassisted. The
submarinereceives extensive damage to its sail area and goes to
New London, Connecticut. The carrier sustains an open hull cut
in the bow area and proceeds to Norfolk, Virginia.

Pacific 12/07/66: The USS Manley (DD-940) suffers an accidental
shell explosion and small fire while in South Vietnam, injuring

Pacific 12/30/66: The USS Mahnomen County (LST-912) runs aground
at Chu Lai, South Vietnam. The ship is decommissioned and
abandoned on 31 January 1967 after four weeks of unsuccessful
salvage efforts.

Arctic 12/31/66: In the late 1960's (1966-67 according to some
accounts), the Soviet nuclear-powered icebreaker Lenin
experiences a reactor meltdown according to raw CIA intelligence
reports, or at least a"nuclear related casualty" according to
the U.S. Navy.The CIA reports suggest that up to 30 people may
have died and many others were affected by radiation sickness.
The ship is abandoned for over a year before work to replace the
Lenin's three reactors with two begins.

Arctic 12/31/66: According to raw CIA intelligence reports,
around 1966, a leak occurs "in the reactor shielding of a
[Soviet] nuclear submarinehome based in Polyarnyy" on the Kola
Penisula. "As the submarine entered the port the captain
requested permission to proceeddirectly to the shipyard.
Permission was not granted but the captain took the vessel there
nonetheless.... A 'special brigade'was formed to repair the
submarine and part of the crew was sent to a special center on
an island near Murmansk where navalpersonnel with radiation
sickness were sent to be treated.... Those sent to the island
did not come back."

Arctic 12/31/66: According to raw CIA intelligence reports, the
Soviet November class nuclear-powered attack submarine,
Leninskyj Komsomol, burns near the North Pole sometime in
1966-68. "The accident involved crew members being burned inside
a bulkheadthat was locked from the outside on both sides. The
fire was caused by a spark of oxygen and did not involve the
propulsion unit." The submarine was saved. The submarine "was
one of severalsubmarines which reached the North Pole under
ice.The expedition was publicized in the Soviet press at the
time without mention of the incident."

01/03/67: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Caprice suffers a

01/10/67: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Amphion is in a

Pacific 01/15/67: The South Korean destroyer-escort Chungnam-Ho
and ferry Hanil-Ho collide off South Korea, sinking the ferry,
killing atleast 13, with over 60 missing.

Pacific 01/15/67: A U.S. Navy minesweeper is hit by the
freighter Muifinh in Saigon harbor, South Vietnam, and sinks.

Atlantic 01/27/67: The USS Essex (CVS-9) runs aground during
training operations five miles off Puerto Rico.

Pacific 02/02/67: The USS McMorris (DE-1036) and USS Tombigbee
(AOG-11) collide during a training exercise 75 miles southeast
of Honolulu,Hawaii, killing two and injuring seven.

Atlantic 02/04/67: The USS Clamagore (SS-343) collides with the
catamaran Mango outside of San Juan harbor, Puerto Rico.

02/11/67: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Walrus suffers a

Atlantic 02/15/67: The Royal Navy diesel submarines HMS Orpheus
and HMS Opportune collide at the entrance to Portsmouth harbor,
U.K., in darkness and heavy weather.

Pacific 03/09/67: A U.S. Navy river patrol boat is rammed by a
British freighter and split in two in the Saigon channel, South

03/13/67: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS London suffers a fire.

Pacific 03/17/67: A five-inch artillery shell accidently
explodes aboard the USS Manley (DD-940), causing a fire and
injuring five off Da Nang, South Vietnam.

Atlantic 03/21/67: The USS La Salle (LPD-3) and the Israeli
freighter Deganya are in a minor collision in fog off Cape
Henry, Virginia.

Atlantic 03/24/67: The USS Wasp (CVS-18) and the USS Salamonie
(AO-26) collide while refueling east of San Juan, Puerto Rico.
No one was injured, but both ships took "moderate damage."

Pacific 04/20/67: An explosion occurs in a gun mount aboard the
USS Bigelow (DD-942) operating in the Vietnam area, injuring

Pacific 05/10/67: During joint maneuvers of Japanese and U.S.
fleets taking placein the Sea of Japan the Soviet Kotlin class
destroyer Besslednyi scrapes the USS Walker (DD-517) despite
repeated warnings not to get too close. Both ships suffer minor

05/10/67: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Hampshire suffers an

Pacific 05/11/67: For the second time in two days a Soviet
destroyer and the USS Walker (DD-517) collide in the Sea of
Japan. This second incident occurs when the Soviet destroyer
"turned into and toward"the Walker, and, according to the U.S.
Department ofDefense announcement, the two ships "brushed
together." The United States delivers what the Department of
State describes as asevere protest over the incident, which
again involved a Navy task force conducting antisubmarine
warfare exercises.

Atlantic 05/26/67: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Warspitesuffers a water leak in one compartment
while undergoing routine maintenance in Faslane, Scotland. The
U.K. Ministry of Defense says the "defect is not connected in
any waywith her nuclear plant. Her damage is slight and there
are no casualties. The leakage of water was brought quickly
under control by Warspite herself."

Pacific 05/28/67: A 750-lb. bomb explodes during a loading
operation on a Vietnam-bound ship at the U.S. Navy ammunition
shipping piers at Naval Weapons Station, Concord, Port Chicago,

Atlantic 06/01/67: In June the Royal Navy assault ship HMS
Intrepid suffers anoverheated starboard turbine, necessitating
12 weeks of repair in Devonport, U.K.

Pacific 06/12/67: The USS Repose (AH-16) is superficially
damaged and the USSTappahannock (AO-43) is slightly damaged when
they collide during routine underway replenishment operations
off Vietnam.

Pacific 06/16/67: The USS Kitty Hawk (CVA-63) collides with the
USS Platte(AO-24) during refueling west of San Francisco,

06/21/67: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Blackwood is damaged by ice

Atlantic 06/22/67: A steam line ruptures aboard the USS Raleigh
(LPD-1) as it is being repaired while the ship is moored at
Norfolk Naval Air Station, Virginia, killing two.

Pacific 06/29/67: The USS Coconino County (LST-603) loses all
propulsion and auxiliary power after suffering two underwater
explosions while off-loading near Dong Ha, South Vietnam.

Atlantic 07/23/67: The USS Greenling (SSN-614) strikes a buoy
off Hingham, Massachusetts. There is only minor damage and
little interuption totraining.

07/24/67: The Royal Navy inshore minesweeper HMS Birdham suffers
a fire.

Pacific 07/29/67: A Zuni rocket is inadvertently fired from one
of several aircraft being readied for launch over Vietnam from
the USS Forrestal (CVA-59). The rocket travels across the flight
deck, strikesthe fully-fueleddrop tank of another aircraft, and
explodes. The resulting firekills 134, damages or destroys 63
aircraft, and puts the ship temporarily out of action.

Atlantic 08/31/67: The USS Simon Bolivar (SSBN-641) armed with
16 Polaris missiles collides with the target ship USS Betelgeuse
(T-AK-260)when practicing a torpedo attack, 70 miles southeast
of Charleston, South Carolina. No one is hurt, but the
Bolivarsuffers about $1 million damage to its periscope and
communications antennae. The Betelgeuse suffers a hole in its
hull. The Navy tells a press conference that the missiles aboard
the Bolivar were not armed and there was no danger of
explosionor nuclear radiation. The missiles were undamaged the
Navy emphasizes. The Bolivar surfaces and the crew cuts away a
4-foot-high, 15-foot-long section of the conning tower so the
submarine could proceed to port.

Atlantic 09/05/67: The USS Corporal (SS-346) collides with the
racing sloop Media IV in Block Island Sound off Rhode Island.
The sloop's owner claims the submarine rammed the sloop and left
without offering aid. The Navy says the submarine was
stoppeddead when hit.

Atlantic 09/10/67: The USS Wasp (CVS-18) suffers a fire in the
combat information center while in drydock at the South Boston
Annex of the Boston Naval Shipyard, causing minor damage.

Atlantic 10/01/67: The Royal Navy assault ship HMS Intrepid
sails for sea trials, but within 48 hours is forced to return to
Devonport, U.K., when a leak develops in a steam pipe, taking
five or six days torepair.

Atlantic 10/18/67: The Royal Navy assault ship HMS Intrepid
suffers a fault ina valve in her main engines, taking several
days to repair.

Atlantic 10/26/67: The USS Lexington (CVS-16) hits a wharf three
times in docking in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Pacific 10/27/67: The USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) suffers a rocket
explosion whileoperating in the Tonkin Gulf, off Vietnam,
injuring nine.

Atlantic 11/05/67: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered ballistic
missile submarine HMS Repulse goes aground in Walney Channel,
Barrow-in-Furness, U.K., 30 minutes after her launch at Vicker's
shipyard. Seven tugs are required to pull her free. She
thendocks at the fitting-out berth in Devonshire Dock, Barrow,

Atlantic 11/12/67: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS
Victorious suffers a fire while at drydock in Portsmouth, U.K.,
wrecking part of the chief petty officers' mess and killing one.

Pacific 11/21/67: Navy ships arrive at the scene of the
grounding of the USS Clarke County (LST-601) at Duc Pho,
Vietnam, observing that the ship is now perpendicular to the
beach with the bow directly intothe sea and the stern anchored
by two army tanks.

Atlantic 11/24/67: The U.S. nuclear-powered cargo ship Savannah
springs a leakin its reactor auxiliary cooling system off New
Jersey. The Atomic Energy Commission and the Maritime
Administration say no radioactive materials escaped as a result
of theleak. The ship returned to Hoboken, New Jersey, for

Atlantic 11/24/67: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS
Victorious suffers a fire, while in Portsmouth, U.K. It is
confined to the tobacco store and damage is slight.

11/27/67: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Diamond suffers a fire.

Pacific 12/18/67: The USS Kitty Hawk (CVA-63) suffers a
three-hour fire whichwas centered in an airplane tire stowage
area while the ship isdocked in Subic Bay, Philippines.

Pacific 12/23/67: The USS Kearsarge (CVS-33) suffers a fire
while docked in Sasebo, Japan, for the holidays, killing three
and injuring two.

Pacific 12/24/67: The USS Guardfish (SSN-612) runs aground on a
reef in PearlHarbor, Hawaii. The Navy says the vessel rested on
a World WarII bomb which turned out to be a sand-filled practice

Atlantic 12/25/67: The Observer (1/7/68) reports that
speculation is circulating that a U.S. nuclear-powered ballistic
missile submarine suffered serious damage during maneuvers in
northern waters just before Christmas. The U.S. Navy declines to
confirm or deny thereports which come from unidentified sources
at the U.S. Naval Base in Rota, Spain, due to security reasons.
In London it was suggested the damage was caused by pressure
changes during a deepdive.

Pacific 12/26/67: The USS Lynde McCormick (DDG-8) suffers an
explosion while in Sasebo, Japan, injuring two.

12/31/67: Before January 1968, the USS Ronquil (SS-396)
reportedly narrowly avoids capture by Soviet naval forces while
engaged in a Holystone intelligence gathering mission. The
submarine caught fire near the Soviet coast and was surroundedby
Soviet destroyers which attempted to force it to surface. The
Ronquil eluded the Soviet ships and escaped to safety (also see
5/25/75 entry).

Atlantic 12/31/67: In 1967 a Soviet November class
nuclear-powered attack submarinehas a mishap in the
Mediterranean believed to be related to itspropulsion system.
The submarine is towed.

Atlantic 01/09/68: The London Times reports that the Royal Navy
nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine HMS Resolution
recently developed a defect in its electrical generator while on
its final trials in the Atlantic before test missile firings at
CapeCanaveral, Florida. On 8 January the submarine was on the
surface sailing back to Faslane, Scotland, for repairs. U.K.
officials said the repairs would not delay the Resolution's
arrivalat Cape Canaveral.

Atlantic 01/11/68: The French trawler Fomalhaut catches the
Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Grampus in its nets in the
English Channel. The Grampus surfaces and both crews spend more
than three hours disentangling the nets, officials said.

Atlantic 01/13/68: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Alliance
runs aground and is stuck for three days on a rocky ledge off
the Isle of Wightin the English Channel.

Atlantic 01/22/68: The Israeli diesel submarine Dakar with 52
aboard disappearsin the eastern Mediterranean 250 miles off
Israel. The USS Turner (DDR-834), USS Conyngham (DDG-17), and
USS CharlesH. Roan (DD-853) are subsequently diverted to search
forthe missing submarine, but it is not found.

Atlantic 01/27/68: The French diesel submarine Minerve with 52
aboard sinks inthe Mediterranean off Toulon.

Atlantic 01/30/68: The USS Seawolf (SSN-575) runs aground while
submerged approximately 65 miles east of Cape Cod,
Massachusetts, and damages its rudder. There are no injuries and
the submarine returns to Groton, Connecticut, for repairs.

Pacific 01/31/68: The USS Rowan (DD-782) is slightly damaged
when it is struckby the Soviet merchant ship Kapitan Visiobokov
in the Sea of Japan about 100 miles east of Pohang, South Korea.
There areno casualties, but the destroyer suffersa three-foot
hole above the waterline in the port bow.

Atlantic 02/01/68: Early 1968 (shortly after the Pueblo was
seized on 22 January 1968) The USS Sergeant Joseph E. Muller
(AG-171) loses power and drifts towardCuban waters under
emergency protection of combat air patrol. After several
failures, the ship is towed to safety by its escorting

Pacific 02/06/68: A U.S. Navy rescue ship sinks after being hit
by an errant Bullpup missile launched from an A-4 Skyhawk
aircraft during firing exercises near Point Mugu, California.
There are no injuries.

Atlantic 02/06/68: The USS Bache (DD-470) drags anchor off
Rhodes harbor, Greece, in hurricane force winds and runs aground
on rocks, splittingthe ship from stem to stern, but there are no
serious injuries.On 17 February the ship suffers further damage
in a two-day storm. The ship is so badly damaged, rather than
refloated it is decommissioned on 26 February.

Atlantic 03/18/68: The USS Theodore Roosevelt (SSBN-600) runs
aground while submerged off the coast of Scotland. There were no
injuries, but the bow of the submarine is damaged.

Atlantic 04/09/68: The USS Robert E. Lee (SSBN-601) snags the
nets of the French trawler Lorraine-Bretagne in the Irish Sea,
causing the trawler to lose considerable amounts of fishing
equipment. The submarine is undamaged.

Pacific 04/11/68: A Soviet diesel-powered Golf class ballistic
missile submarine sinks about 750 miles northwest of the island
of Oahu, Hawaii, inabout 16,000 feet of water, killing
approximately 80. In lateMarch 1975 numerous papers carry
stories on the CIA's attempt,called "Project Jennifer," to raise
the submarine in the summerof 1974 using the specially
constructed Glomar Explorer deep-water salvage ship. Part of the
submarine is raised on 4 July1974. The submarine was carrying
three nuclear-armedballistic missiles and unnamed official
sources are quoted as saying the evidence also suggests that
nuclear-tipped torpedoes were on board.

Atlantic 04/13/68: The USS Independence (CVA-62) collides with
the USS Wrangell (AE-12) off South Carolina during underway
replenishment, damaging both ships slightly.

Atlantic 04/15/68: The USS Scorpion (SSN-589) collides with a
barge during a storm in Naples harbor, Italy. The submarine was
alongside the barge which was used as a buffer between the
submarine and anotherU.S. warship.The barge and the Scorpion's
stern came together and then the barge was swamped and went
down.  The Scorpion returned to Naples on 20 April and divers
descending to untangle a fishingline from its propellermade a
partial inspection of its and reported no damage.

Atlantic 05/09/68: The USS Guadalcanal (LPH-7) is adrift off
North Carolina dueto a burned out bearing in the propulsion

Atlantic 05/27/68: The USS Scorpion (SSN-589) sinks about 400
miles southwest of the Azores, killing all 99 men on board.  The
U.S. Departmentof Defense reveals in 1981 that in the Spring of
1968 a nuclearweapons accident occurred in the Atlantic, the
details ofwhich remain classified. Despite the Pentagon's
equivocation, this is taken to refer to the Scorpion and,
nevertheless, itis generally known that two nuclear-armed ASTOR
torpedoes were on board when the submarine sank.

Atlantic 06/03/68: Shells from the Royal Navy frigate HMS
Arethusa fall into farmland.

Atlantic 06/12/68: The USS Wasp (CVS-18) and the USS Truckee
(AO-147) are badly damaged in a collision during underway
replenishment off the U.S. east coast.

Atlantic 06/13/68: The USS Waldron (DD-699) and the USS Kiowa
(ATF-72) collide during operations off the U.S. east coast.

Pacific 06/15/68: The USS Cossatot (AO-77), carrying 130,000
barrels of jet fuel, is badly damaged in a collision with the
merchant ship Copper State in fog off Santa Cruz, California.
The tanker loses20 feet of its bow.

Pacific 06/16/68: U.S. Air Force F-4 jets sink a U.S. patrol
boat and attack the USS Boston (CAG-1) and the Australian
destroyer Hobart near the demilitarized zone off Vietnam,
mistaking the ships for low-flying enemy helicopters.

Atlantic 07/02/68: The Norfolk Ledger-Star reports that several
months ago aU.S. nuclear-powered attack submarine collided with
a Soviet submarine, causing severe damage to the U.S. vessel
which spent twomonths in Rota, Spain, for repair. The Navy
declined tocomment on the story by the paper's military
correspondent who quoted a usually reliable source. The reporter
noted that it isknown that during recent months Soviet attack
submarines have lain off overseas U.S. Polarissubmarine ports,
and that U.S.  submarines have been given "wiping off" missions
to prevent the Soviet submarines from followingthe Polaris
boats. These missions apparently can get quite rough, amounting
to what one officer says is "underwater chicken,"with U.S. and
Soviet submarines set on collision courses until the "chicken"
turns away. "Presumably this is what happened" tothe U.S. and
Soviet submarines.

07/03/68: The Royal Navy survey vessel HMS Fox suffers a gas
accident,killing one.

Pacific 08/01/68: The USS Caliente (AO-53) runs aground on a mud
bank while entering Auckland Harbor, New Zealand. The oiler is
pulled clearwith no hull damage.

Atlantic 08/09/68: The USS Von Steuben (SSBN-632) collides with
the towed commercial tanker Sealady about 40 miles off the
southern Spanishcoast. The Von Steuben was submerged when struck
or was struck by a submerged tow cable connecting a tug and
theSealady. The submarine surfaces immediately and then collides
with the towed ship. The submarine sustains minor external
damage to the superstructure and main deck.

Atlantic 08/15/68: Two small fires occur aboard the Royal Navy
nuclear-powered attack submarine HMS Valiant while it is in dock
at Chatham, U.K. Damage to the ship is slight and there are no

Atlantic 08/31/68: An East German naval vessel collides with a
Swedish ferry and sinks off Denmark. Six East German sailors are
reported missing.

Atlantic 09/08/68: The USS Douglas H. Fox (DD-779) suffers a
fire en route to Charleston, South Carolina, killing two and
injuring six.

Atlantic 09/13/68: A shell goes through the rigging of a trawler
in Lyme Bay off Dorset, U.K., during Royal Navy gunnery

Atlantic 10/19/68: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Warspiteis damaged by ice during exercises in the
North Atlantic, suffering slight damage to its conning tower and
superstructure. TheRoyal Navy says there was not riskof
"radioactive leakage." The submarine returns to Faslane,
Scotland, for repairs.

11/12/68: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Alliance suffers a

Pacific 11/26/68: The USS Hancock (CVA-19) and the USS Camden
(AOE-2) collide during underway replenishment off South Vietnam.
There areno injuries but the Camden is slightly damaged.

Atlantic 12/30/68: An inquiry into an explosion aboard the Royal
Navy destroyer HMSAntrim is held.

Arctic 12/31/68: According to raw CIA intelligence reports, in
1968, a Soviet nuclear submarine sinks off Severomorsk on the
Kola Penisula, killing all 90 on board. The submarine was
overdue from patrol, andafter waiting one or two days
authorities initiated a search.Divers found the submarine on the
bottom of the estuary to the Kolskiy Zaliv. When the submarine
was recovered it was determined that all food had been consumed
and it was estimated the submarine had been at the location for
30 days.

Pacific 12/31/68: Late 1960s -- Reportedly a U.S. government
official is briefed about a collision between a U.S. submarine
engaged in a Holystoneintelligence gathering mission and a North
Vietnamese minesweeper in the Gulf of Tonkin. The
minesweepersinks within minutes (see 5/25/75 entry).

Atlantic 01/01/69: During the winter -- the French trawler Belle
Poule catchesthe Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Porpoise in its
nets offthe U.K. or France.

Pacific 01/14/69: The USS Enterprise (CVAN-65) suffers
explosions and a fire during its two-and-a-half-day Operational
Readiness Inspection 70miles southwest of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii,
killing 28 and injuring 343. The fire starts when a tractor used
to start aircraftis backed under the wing of a F-4 Phantom
aircraft loaded with Zuni rockets. The tractor has a small jet
engine mounted on itsrear, the hot exhaust of which is put
directly onto a Zuni rocket's warhead. In about a minute the
warhead cooks off,spraying shrapnel over the flight deck,
puncturing tanks and starting fires. The fires cause other Zuni
rockets and 500-lb. bombs loaded on planes and piled on deck to
cook off, exploding planes, blowing holes in the solid steel
deck, and spillingaviation fuel from punctured fuel storage
tanks. The captain ofthe ship recalls his concern over
containing the fire to the aft part of the flight deck, since so
little firefighting equipment was on the flight deck, commenting
"If the fire hadspread to the hangar deck, we could have very
easily lost the ship." Despite the lack of equipment the fire is
successfully contained and after three hours burns itself out,
whereupon the ship proceeds back to Pearl Harbor.Damage includes
15 aircraft destroyed and 17 damaged.

01/22/69: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Blake suffers a fire.

Atlantic 02/19/69: The USS Chopper (SS-342) plunges to the sea
bottom after suffering a control casualty off Cuba on a routine
training mission, injuring two and causing minor damage to the

Atlantic 05/10/69: The Swedish diesel submarine Sjoebpjoernen
hits the bottom after diving too fast and suffers slight damage.

Pacific 05/15/69: The USS Guitarro (SSN-665) undergoing final
fitting-out at the San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard at Vallejo,
California, sinks in 35 feet of water next to the pier. No
fissionable materialis on board.The report of the U.S. Congress
House Armed Services Subcommittee convened to investigate the
accident charges culpable negligence on the part of shipyard
workers responsible for the submarine: two civilian work crews
pumped water into fore and aftsections of the boat; neither crew
knowing what the other was doing.

Pacific 05/25/69: The USS King (DLG-10) suffers a fire in the
fireroom while operating off North Vietnam, killing four. The
ship proceeds tothe Philippines for repairs.

Pacific 05/26/69: The Japanese fishing vessel Tayo Maru sinks
after collidingwith a Soviet patrol boat which was chasing it
off the Kurile Islands, eight are rescued.

05/27/69: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Blake suffers another fire.

Atlantic 06/01/69: The USS Lowry (DD-770) suffers a gun
explosion during a training mission off Puerto Rico, killing one
and injuring eight.

Pacific 06/01/69: In June a Japanese freighter passing off
De-Kastri in the TartarStrait is severly hit and damaged by
dozens of splinters from aSoviet missile, which the Japanese
government later identifiesas a Soviet SS-N-3 Shaddock cruise

Pacific 06/02/69: The USS Frank E. Evans (DD-754) collides with
the Australianaircraft carrier Melbourne in the South China Sea
approximately 650 miles southwest of Manila, cutting the
destroyer in two. The bow section of the Evans sinks inabout two
minutes, killing 74, while the aft section of the Evans is
quickly secured alongside the Melbourne. The collision occurred
during the SEATO exercise "Sea Spirit."

Atlantic 06/12/69: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal
suffers a firein a Devonport dockyard, U.K., while undergoing an
extensive overhaul.

Pacific 06/13/69: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Rorqual
bumps into the USS Endurance (MSO-435) while docking at River
Point pier inSubic Bay, Philippines.

Atlantic 07/08/69: The USS Cambria (APA-36) and USS Shadwell
(LSD-15) collide off Malta during a night exercise.

Atlantic 07/15/69: The USS Forrestal (CVA-59) suffers a small,
localized fire while the ship is in the Norfolk Naval Shipyard,

Pacific 08/09/69: A Japanese fishing boat collides with a Soviet
patrol boat off Hokkaido, killing 11. Japan rejects Soviet
claims the fishing boat violated Soviet territorial waters.

Pacific 08/22/69: The USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) collides with a tug
and Navy barge in San Francisco Bay, California, injuring one
barge crewman.

Atlantic 09/04/69: The USS Dewey (DLG-14) suffers an explosion
and fire in theboiler room while preparing to sail from Toulon,
France; killingthree.

Atlantic 09/05/69: The French trawler Pointe de Barfleur catches
the Royal Navydiesel submarine HMS Onyx in its nets about 20
miles north-northeast of Cherbourg in the English Channel. The
trawler faced some resistance when it hauled up itsnets. A flare
was seen shooting up and then the submarine brokethe surface.
After some explanation the two boats went their way.

Atlantic 09/08/69: The USS Lexington (CVS-16) suffers a fire in
a boiler room as the ship is in drydock in Boston,
Massachusetts, injuring two.

Atlantic 09/08/69: The USS Intrepid (CVS-11) runs aground off
Jamestown, RhodeIsland, but is freed after two hours.

Atlantic 10/13/69: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered ballistic
missile submarine HMS Renown collides with the Irish motor
vessel Moyle as it is surfacing during the night in the Mull of
Kintyre off the westcoast of Scotland. The U.K. Navy
Departmentsays damage was slight and at no time was there a risk
of a nuclear explosion. There are no casualties. Apparently the
Renown was carrying out work-up trials preparatory to going on
itsfirst operational cruise in a few weeks,but was not carrying
any missiles.

Atlantic 10/30/69: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Glamorgan fires
a missile whichlands near a farm, causing damage.

10/31/69: Fall 1969 -- reportedly 18 months prior to 31 March
1971 -- a U.S. submarine engaged in Holystone intelligence
gathering operations is beached for about two hours off the
Soviet Union's coast,creating concern in the U.S. National
SecurityCouncil because of the possibility of an international
incidentif the submarine is discovered (see 3/31/71 and 5/25/75

Atlantic 11/10/69: An unarmed torpedo fired from a Royal Navy
submarine on exercisenarrowly misses the Clyde ferry Countess of
Breadalbane inthe Loch Long, Scotland. The U.K. Ministry of
Defense says thetorpedo's mechanism went wrong after being fired
correctlyon course.

Arctic 11/14/69: The New York Times (7/6/75) reports the USS
Gato (SSN-615) collides with a Soviet submarine the night of the
14 or 15of November 15 to 25 miles from the entrance of the
White Sea inthe Barents Sea. A crewmember is quoted as saying
theGato was struck in the heavy plating that serves as a
protective shield around the nuclear reactor, but the ship
sustained no serious damage. However the ship's weapons officer
immediately ran down two decks and prepared for orders to arma
nuclear-armed SUBROC antisubmarine warfare missile and three
nuclear-armed torpedoes. The accident reportedly occurred
duringa Holystone operation (see 5/25/75).According to former
Gato crewmembers their commanding officer was ordered to prepare
false reports showing the submarine hadsuffered a breakdownand
halted its patrol two days prior to the collision. The Gato's
commanding officer refused to comment when he was contacted due
to security reasons.

Atlantic 11/14/69: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Otter
strikes a 20-footwooden ferry in the Manchester Ship Canal, U.K.
The two passengers in the ferry jump into the water when they
see the outline of the submarine bearing down on them.The
submarine strikes the ferry a light blow, slightly damagingthe
ferry. The men swim safely to shore. The Otter was oneof four
submarines on a four-day goodwill visit to Manchester.

Pacific 12/12/69: The USS Parsons (DD-949) collides with the
Filipino fishingboat Orient off southern California. The Orient
sinks but its crew is rescued.

Pacific 12/27/69: The ammunition aboard the merchant ship Badger
State comes loose and explodes when a big wave throws the ship
on its side 1,500 miles northeast of Hawaii as it is en route to
Vietnam witha cargo of ordnance; 26 are dead or missing.  The
ship isrocked by explosions and fire for a week, leading the
Navy to abandon salvage plans. The ship subsequently is sunk
with gunfire.

Atlantic 01/10/70: A Soviet Foxtrot class diesel-powered
submarine loses 20 feet ofits bow section in a collision
somewhere in the Mediterranean in January. Reports variously
attribute the accident to a collision with another Soviet naval
vessel or with the Italianliner Angelina Laura near the Bay of
Naples. The damaged submarine was anchored off Morocco in early
February and departedinto the Atlantic with an escort on 7

Atlantic 01/10/70: The USS Shangri-La (CVA-38) suffers a fire
during training off Jacksonville, Florida, when an A-4 Skyhawk
aircraft parked onthe flight deck ignites, killing one.

Atlantic 01/10/70: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Dreadnought encounters serious problems at the
Rosyth, Scotland, dockyard during the first nuclear reactor
refueling at a British yard,delaying the completion of the
refitfor at least ten months.

Pacific 01/17/70: The USS Volador (SS-490) and the Japanese
freighter Miyahime Maru are lightly damaged in a collision at
the mouth of Tokyo Bay, Japan.

Atlantic 01/21/70: The USS Yancey (AKA-93) is driven through a
section of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel by strong winds,
which tore it fromits anchorage near Hampton Roads, Virginia. No
injuries are reported on the ship or on the roadway, but the
roadway isclosed to traffic.

Atlantic 01/29/70: The USS Nathanael Greene (SSBN-636) is
grounded for seven hours in thick fog in Charleston harbor,
South Carolina. The Navycloses the harbor while the submarine is
refloated. Officialswill not say whether any Polaris missiles
are on board, buta Navy spokesman says there appears to be no
danger of nuclear leakage or reactor damage. The next day the
Navy says the ship suffered no damage.

Atlantic 02/10/70: The USS Semmes (DDG-18) is heavily damaged
and the USS Samuel B. Roberts (DD-823), USS Charles F. Adams
(DDG-2), andUSS Yellowstone (AD-27) are slightly damaged when a
Greek freighter sideswipes the four ships in Naples harbor,

Pacific 02/10/70: A Bullpup missile aboard the USS Bon Homme
Richard (CVA-31)cracks and leaks toxic gases and liquids when
its pneumatic hoist fails and drops it on the deck of the
weapons magazine while the ship is berthed at Naval Station
North Island in SanDiego, California. A Navy spokesman says the
missile is capableof carrying a nuclear warhead but was not
believed to be armedat the time. Two hundred crewmembers are
evacuated from the surrounding areas and the rest of the
3500-personcrew stands by to take the ship to sea if necessary
as a precaution. The broken rocket motor is safely lifted out of
the ship and transferred to the dock.

Pacific 02/10/70: Coincidently, minutes before the Bullpup
missile drops in a starboard magazine, an electrical fire breaks
out in a port side magazine aboard the USS Bon Homme Richard
(CVA-31) while the ship is docked at Naval Air Station North
Island, San Diego,California.

Atlantic 02/11/70: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Auriga
suffers a batteryexplosion while submerged in the Gibraltar area
during NATO exercises. Ten people are injured, but the vessel
surfaces safelyand returns to port.

Pacific 02/13/70: The USS Point Defiance (LSD-31) and USS
Ponchatoula (AO-148) are slightly damaged in a collision during
refueling operations north of Hawaii, injuring three.

Atlantic 03/04/70: The French diesel submarine Eurydice explodes
and sinks during dive 35 miles east of Toulon, killing all 57
crewmen on board.

Pacific 03/19/70: The USS Orleck (DD-886) collides with the USS
Neches (AO-47) during underway replenishment off the coast of
Vietnam. The Neches loses its starboard side replenishment

Pacific 03/20/70: The USS McKean (DD-784) and the USS Cacapon
(AO-52) sustain minor damage in a collision during underway
replenishment off Okinawa.

Atlantic 04/12/70: A Soviet November class nuclear-powered
submarine sinks in the Atlantic Ocean approximately 300 miles
northwest of Spain. On 11April the submarine is sighted dead in
the water with personnelon deck trying to rig a tow line to two
accompanying Sovietships. By the morning of 12 April U.S. Navy
P-3 patrol planes find only two oil slicks on the surface where
the submarine had been, and the submarine is considered lost at
sea. The accidentis believed to be related to a problem in the
nuclearpropulsion system. After the sinking Soviet survey
vessels reportedly guard the area almost continuously for six
months.  Thereafter routine patrols are conducted until 1979,
after which onlyoccasional visits are made.

04/20/70: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Plymouth collides with the
Frenchfrigate Enseigne de Vaiseau Henry.

05/19/70: An inquiry is held into a fire aboard the Royal Navy
minelayer HMS Manxman.

Atlantic 05/28/70: The USS Daniel Boone (SSBN-629) proceeding on
its initial sea trials collides with the Philippine merchant
ship PresidentQuezon off Cape Henry, Virginia. The submarine
incurs minor damage, but the President Quezon receives extensive
damageto her bow.

Atlantic 05/31/70: The West German destroyer Bayern suffers a
gas explosion inan empty munitions storeroom, ripping a hole in
the side of theship, killing one and injuring two.

Indian 06/01/70: The Royal Navy oiler HMS Ennerdale sinks after
running aground in the Seychelles.

Atlantic 06/13/70: The USS Little Rock (CLG-4) is in a minor
collision with theGreek destroyer Lonzhi in the Gulf of Laconia
off Greece during the NATO exercise "Dawn Patrol 70."

Atlantic 06/18/70: The USS Eugene A. Greene (DD-711) and the USS
Waccamaw (AO-109) are in a minor collision in the eastern
Mediterranean during refueling operations.

07/08/70: An inquiry is held into the fire aboard the Royal Navy
aircraftcarrier HMS Eagle.

07/17/70: A sailor is found guilty of causing a power failure
aboard the Royal Navy frigate HMS Ajax .

Atlantic 07/25/70: A fitter at the Chatham Naval Dockyard, U.K.,
working on the Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack submarine HMS
Valiant receives a radiation dosage when he accidentally inhales
radioactive material. According to the Ministry of Defense,the
fitter "feels no ill effects and seems to be well," but is
banned for a year from further work involving radioactivity.

Atlantic 07/30/70: Suspected sabotage to the main gearbox of the
Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack submarine HMS Conqueror in the
final stagesof completion at the Cammel Laird shipyard
Birkenhead, U.K., isunder investigation. The shipyard says
thedamaged gearbox does not affect nuclear safety as it is
separated from the reactor compartment.

Pacific 08/04/70: The USS Rogers (DD-876) collides with a
Singapore-bound commercial tug in the South China Sea. There are
no injuries.

Atlantic 08/19/70: A Soviet vessel reportedly equipped with
electronic surveillancegear capsizes in the North Sea, near
where NATO ships are maneuvering as part of exercise "Minflotex
70." Before the NATO ships could come to its aid, a Soviet tug
took in her in tow.The ship sinks in heavy seas on 25 August.

Atlantic 08/20/70: The French diesel submarine Galatee and the
South African diesel submarine Maria von Riebeeck collide on the
surface offToulon, France, killing four.

Atlantic 09/11/70: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Dreadnought suffers an air pipe fault, delaying
its sea trials.

Atlantic 09/18/70: The Royal Navy coastal minesweeper HMS
Wolverton collides with a yacht on which a family was spending
its holiday, sinking the yacht at its moorings in Great Yarmouth
harbor, U.K. The family leaves the yacht safely.

Atlantic 10/01/70: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal
suffers faultsto its flight-deck machinery and has to return to
Devonport, U.K., for unscheduled repairs.

10/14/70: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Eagle is sent into
drydock after a collision.

Pacific 11/04/70: A boiler room explosion occurs aboard the USS
Goldsborough (DDG-20) six hours out of Taiwan, killing two and
injuring four.

Atlantic 11/09/70: A Soviet Kotlin class destroyer and the Royal
Navy aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal collide in the eastern
Mediterranean. TheArk Royal is only slightly damaged, while the
Soviet ship is badly scraped along her port side.

Atlantic 11/14/70: The USS Seawolf (SSN-575) suffers a breakdown
in the engineroom main drain south of Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, en
route to the Pacific. It surfaces dead in the water and asks for
assistance.The USS Blandy (DD-943) gets underway to
rendezvousand escort or tow the submarine. The next day the
submarine isable to correct the problem itself and gets underway
on its ownpower for Guantanamo.

11/16/70: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Fife catches fire during
"LimeJug 70" exercises.

Atlantic 11/21/70: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Ulster is damaged
by hitting a Swansea, U.K., quay.

Atlantic 11/28/70: The USS Sylvania (AFS-2) and the USS Concord
(AFS-5) areslightly damaged in a collision in Rota, Spain, when
the Sylvania attempts under pilot to moor alongside the Concord.

Atlantic 11/29/70: Fire breaks out in a baggage storeroom in the
stern of the submarine tender USS Canopus (AS-34) while it is in
the Holy Lochsubmarine base, Scotland. The Daily Telegraph
reports that it was carrying nuclear-armed missiles and that two
U.S.nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines, the Francis
Scott Key (SSBN-657) and James K. Polk (SSBN-645), were
mooredalongside. The Francis Scott Key cast off, but the Polk
remained alongside. U.S. naval authorties in Holy Loch andLondon
dismiss any suggestion that a nuclear explosion aboard the
Canopus could have occurred or that "even a remote danger"from
missiles or other materials existed. "We have drills
andprecautions which rule out any danger whatsoever," the
Londonspokesman says. There are precautions against every
eventualityin Holy Loch." The fire was brought under control
after four hours. Three men were killed and the cause of the
fire was unknown.U.S. Navy documents record that "damage was
extensive in the small area in which the fire was contained,"
but "repairs were effected on site and Canopus was never 'off
the line'".

Pacific 01/01/71: The USS Sphinx (ARL-24) loses power about 120
nautical milesnorthwest of Okinawa.

Atlantic 01/15/71: U.S. Navy barge loaded with diesel fuel sinks
off Puerto Rico and spreads a mile-long oil slick.

Pacific 01/19/71: The USS Roark (DE-1053) is badly damaged by an
engine room fire in the western Pacific. The ship is taken in
tow by the USSTowers (DDG-9) toward Midway Island from whence it
will betowed to Pearl Harbor.

Atlantic 01/20/71: The USS Wasp (CVS-18) and USS Chukawan
(AO-100) collidewhile refueling southwest of Bermuda.

Pacific 01/24/71: The USS Hamner (DD-718) and USS Camden (AOE-2)
collide during underway replenishment in the Gulf of Tonkin.

Atlantic 02/02/71: The French nuclear-powered ballistic missile
submarine Redoutable collides with a fishing trawler off Brest,
France. The trawler is holed, but the crew is safely picked up
by a French navy escort vessel.

Atlantic 02/03/71: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Opportune
collides withan unidentified merchant vessel in the English
Channel while running submerged, receiving slight superstructure

Atlantic 02/12/71: The USS Great Sitkin (AE-17) arrives under
tow at RooseveltRoads, Puerto Rico, having lost power off the
Virgin Islands when four spring bearings wiped. Sabotage is

Atlantic 02/19/71: Water breaks into the French diesel submarine
Flore when a valve of the snorkel device malfunctions as the
submarine cruisessubmerged at a depth of 15 to 20 feet off
Toulon. The submarine surfaces, but water had damaged its
electricalcircuits, and the engines could not be started. The
submarine is slowly towed to Toulon through rough seas.

Atlantic 03/01/71: In March the USS Detroit (AOE-4) collides
with a Navy oiler70 miles off the South Carolina coast. Damage
was slight.

Atlantic 03/26/71: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Albion
suffers a fault in a drive shaft bearing and returns to
Portsmouth, U.K., for repairs.

03/31/71: The New York Times reports that a U.S. Navy Sturgeon
classnuclear-powered attack submarine collides with a Soviet
submarine 17 nautical miles off the coast of the Soviet Union
while ona secret reconnaissance mission as part of theHolystone
submarine intelligence gathering operations (see 5/25/75 entry).

Atlantic 04/03/71: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Conqueror suffers flooding due to a failure of
material while in a fitting-out basin in Cammel Laird shipyard,
Birkenhead, U.K., over the weekend. Firemen and yardworkers
spend about17 hours pumping seven feet of water out of the

Atlantic 04/21/71: A fire of electrical origin and short
duration occurs aboard theUSS John F. Kennedy (CVA-67) in the
Virginia Capes area.

Atlantic 05/01/71: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Sheffield
suffers an explosionas it is fitting out, killing several

Atlantic 05/06/71: The USS Bigelow (DD-942) suffers a possible
momentary grounding while en route to an anchorage in Aarhus
Bay, Denmark, causing minor damage.

Pacific 05/06/71: The USS Hanson (DD-832) collides with the
Soviet fleet tug Diomid in the Korean Straits, causing minor
damage but no injuries. The Hanson conjectures the accident was
caused by adeliberate attempt by the tug (with an icebreaker
bow)to ram the Hanson. A sliding collision, however, was the
only result.

Pacific 05/08/71: A Nationalist Chinese fishing boat sinks off
Kaohsiung, Taiwan,when it attempts to pass between the tug USS
Molala (ATF-106) and its tow ARD-22, striking first the bridle
and then the bowof the ARD.

Atlantic 06/07/71: The French escort ship Surcouf and the Soviet
tanker Busharov collide in the Mediterranean 60 miles south of
Cartagena,Spain, at night, cutting the Surcouf in half and
killing nine. The front half sinks, but the stern section
istaken in tow by the French destroyer Tartu.

Atlantic 06/28/71: The casing of a valve ruptures filling the
engine spaces with steam aboard the USS Trenton (LPD-14) while
the ship is undergoing shakedown training in the Guantanamo Bay,
Cuba, operating area, killing four and seriously injuring seven.

Atlantic 07/01/71: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Artemis
sinks without warning while moored in 30 feet of water at
Gosport, England.

Pacific 07/10/71: The USS Constellation (CVA-64) suffers a
one-hour machineryroom fire while moored at San Diego,

Atlantic 07/16/71: An unidentified U.S. Navy ship spills 40,000
gallons of oil offNew York, subsequently contaminating the
waterfronts of Coney Island and Staten Island, New York.

Atlantic 07/27/71: The USS Harlan R. Dickson (DD-708) runs
aground off Cape CodCanal, Massachusetts, after a mechanical
failure, but is freedthe next day.

Atlantic 08/15/71: The USS Saratoga (CVA-60) suffers flooding in
an engine roomwhile anchored off Athens, Greece.

Pacific 08/17/71: The USS Regulus (AF-57) is severely damaged
when, struck bytyphoon Rose, it is torn from its moorings and
tossed aground onKau Yi Chau Island near Hong Kong.

Atlantic 08/20/71: The USS Saratoga (CVA-60) suffers another
engine room floodshortly after leaving Athens, Greece, where
repair from a similar flood of 15 August just was completed.

Atlantic 09/08/71: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Odin
suffers a fire.

Atlantic 09/26/71: The USS Holder (DD-819) runs aground
momentarily in ViequesPassage off Puerto Rico. There is no

Atlantic 09/30/71: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Alliance
suffers a hydrogen buildup and explosion in a battery
compartment due to a faulty ventilation system while in
Portsmouth, U.K., killing one andinjuring 14.

Atlantic 10/11/71: The USS Talbot (DEG-4) suffers an engineering
casualty and is towed by the USS Skylark (ASR-20) to Newport,
Rhode Island.

Atlantic 10/15/71: In mid-October the Royal Navy aircraft
carrier HMS Ark Royalsuffers a fire while in Portsmouth, U.K.

Atlantic 10/21/71: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal
suffers a second fire while in Portsmouth, U.K., taking six
hours to control.

Pacific 10/26/71: The Japanese fishing boat Minato Maru collides
with an unidentified submarine in the Sea of Japan about 300
miles northwestof Niigata, Japan.

Pacific 10/30/71: The USS Benjamin Stoddert (DDG-22) suffers a
four-and-one-half hour fire in the motor generator set room
while undergoing overhaul at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

Pacific 10/31/71: The USS Niagara Falls (AFS-3) is slightly
damaged by a maindeck fire while moored at Hong Kong. The fire
is later determined to be caused by arson.

Atlantic 11/01/71: The USS Hardhead (SS-365) suffers minor
structural damage when it is struck by an Italian ferry in the
Straits of Messina, off Italy.

Atlantic 12/29/71: The USS Dace (SSN-607) inadvertently
discharges 500 gallonsof water used as coolant for its nuclear
reactor into the ThamesRiver at New London, Connecticut, during
a routine water transfer between the submarine and the USS
Fulton (AS-11).The Navy says measurements in the area showed "no
increase in radioactivity of the environment" on the following
day and claimsthe coolant contains a "very small amount of
radioactivity." Navy sources at the Pentagon acknowledge there
have been a "afew" leakages at the base during such transfers in
the past, although none were disclosed, but also none were of
sufficient sizeto endanger anybody.  Reportedly the Navy
disclosed this accident only when rumors of a nuclear
incidentstarted circulating in New London.

Atlantic 12/31/71: On two occasions in 1971 defective U.S.
nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine distress buoys
accidently shot to the surface signalling the submarines had
been sunk by enemy action and each set off "a massive U.S.
alert," raisingthe "threat of accidental war." A spokesman for
the Pentagon admitted there had been two involuntary releases in
1971, one in the Mediterranean and one in the North Atlantic.
But in each case, he said, the submarine informed its home base
immediatelyand "There was no alert of any kind." One release was
due to amechanical problem and one to a human error. The Navy
said technical corrections had been made since 1971 to prevent a
recurrence of the accidental launchings.

Pacific 01/16/72: The USS Albert David (DE-1050) collides with a
North Vietnamese junk in the Gulf of Tonkin and two people from
the junk arelost.

Atlantic 01/24/72: The USS Sea Horse (SSN-669) is grounded for
two hours whileoutbound from Charleston, South Carolina.

Atlantic 02/01/72: In February the Royal Navy diesel submarine
HMS Alliance's engine room begins to flood while the ship is
submerged during atrial dive off Plymouth, U.K., in the English
Channel. The submarine touches the seabed at 122 feet
afterdiving too steeply due to incorrect trimming in response to
theflooding.  The Alliance leaves the bottom after bouncing
offthe seabed.

Pacific 02/07/72: The USS Wahoo (SS-565) sustains damage to its
starboard shaft when it collides with Queens Pier in Hong Kong
after being carried by a tidal current.

Atlantic 02/19/72: The hull of the USS Preserver (ARS-8) is
cracked in three places when it strikes a rock while entering
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, harbor during stormy weather.

Atlantic 02/23/72: The USS Shreveport (LPD-12) and USS Nashville
(LPD-13) are slightly damaged in a collision during exercises in
the Caribbean.

Atlantic 02/24/72: A U.S. Navy P-3 Orion patrol plane sights a
Soviet Hotel II class nuclear-powered ballistic missile
submarine on the surface 600miles northeast of Newfoundland. The
submarine had an apparentnuclear propulsion problem which
resulted in the loss ofall power. Several deaths are thought to
have occurred.  The next day the U.S. Coast Guard cutter
Boutwell sights the disabled submarine in company with five
Soviet ships. An offer of assistance by the Boutwell receives no
reply. The Sovietships start back to the submarine's home base
through heavy, stormy seas. On 18 March the submarine is still
slowly moving across the north Atlantic now accompanied by nine
Soviet ships and the U.S.  Coast Guard cutter Gallatin. On 5
April, the WestGerman Navy reports the submarine had reached its
home waters inthe White Sea.

Atlantic 02/25/72: The USS Beacon (PG-99) suffers a large hole
and an engine room flood after colliding with the Dutch fishing
ship Syriname east of Cape Maisi, Cuba, and is towed to
Guantanamo Bay.

Atlantic 03/15/72: The USS Joseph Hewes (DE-1078) loses power
about 600 miles east of Jacksonville, Florida, when a main
engine line shaft bearing breaks in stormy seas.

Atlantic 03/16/72: The U.S. Navy reports the rare sighting of a
Soviet Yankee classnuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine
on the surface northeast of Iceland. It was not clear whether
the submarine was indifficulty.

Atlantic 04/11/72: The USS Benjamin Franklin (SSBN-640) collides
with and sinksa tugboat at the General Dynamics Electric Boat
Division docksat Groton, Connecticut. The submarine, being
overhauled at theshipyard, was not damaged.

Pacific 04/16/72: Two antiradiation missiles inadvertently fired
by a U.S. supportaircraft explode near the USS Worden (DLG-18)
while the ship operates off Vietnam, killing one, injuring nine,
and puttingthe ship out of action. The ship proceeds toSubic
Bay, Philippines for ten days of repairs.

Pacific 06/28/72: The USS Oriskany (CVA-34) and USS Nitro
(AE-23) are in aminor collision during underway replenishment
150 nautical miles east of Da Nang, South Vietnam.

Pacific 07/06/72: The USS Guadalupe (AO-32) sustains damage to
its bow, bridge, and fueling probe in a collision with the USS
Alamo (LSD-33) 30 miles north of Da Nang, South Vietnam, during
underway replenishment when the Alamo's rudder jams hard left
and doesnot respond.

Atlantic 07/10/72: The computer system of the USS Forrestal
(CVA-59) is damagedby a fire determined to have been caused by
arson while in Norfolk, Virgina.

Pacific 07/19/72: Damage to the reduction gears of the USS
Ranger (CVA-61) while in San Diego, California, is determined to
have been caused by sabotage.

Pacific 07/20/72: The USS Oriskany (CVA-34) loses a propeller
and a section ofthe propeller's tail shaft while operating in
the Pacific, thuslimiting the carrier to three engines.

07/20/72: A sailor who is said to have started fires aboard the
Royal Navyfrigate HMS Puma because the first lieutenant got on
his nerves, is sentenced by a Portsmouth, U.K., court-martial.

Atlantic 08/16/72: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Onyx
suffers a fire started by chemicals while undergoing refit at a
Portsmouth, U.K., dockyard, causing slight damage.

Pacific 10/01/72: The USS Newport News (CA-148) suffers an
accidental explosion in a gun turret while operating off
Vietnam, killing 19, injuring ten (one mortally) and putting the
ship out operation.

Arctic 10/05/72: The USS Mizar (T-AGOR-11) and the U.S. Coast
Guard cutter Edisto collide about 720 miles north of Iceland in
the Greenland Sea, as the Edisto tows the disabled Mizar. Both
aredisabled and are in danger of being beset by ice.

Atlantic 10/06/72: The USS Tullibee (SSN-597) collides with the
West German freighter Hagen as it is cruising just beneath the
surface about 150 nautical miles east of Cape Hatteras, North
Carolina, during stormy weather, causing slight damage to the
submarine.The collision did not impair the operations of either

Atlantic 10/11/72: The French diesel submarine La Sirene sinks
at its mooringsafter emergency bulkheads fail to prevent an
inrush of water through an open torpedo tube, no reported

Pacific 10/22/72: The USS Silas Bent (T-AGS-26) is badly damaged
by fire whileconducting surveillance off the South Korean coast.
There areno casualties and the ship returns to Pusan under its
own power.

Pacific 10/25/72: The USS Snook (SSN-592) is slightly damaged
when it strikesbottom in Dabob Bay, Washington, while on a
celebration run. The submarine surfaced without any problems.

Pacific 10/29/72: The USS Saratoga (CVA-60) suffers a machine
room fire whilein port at Singapore, killing three.

10/30/72: The USS Florikan (ASR-9) suffers a fire in a forward
hold, killing one and injuring another.

10/31/72: While the USS Mississinewa (AO-144) is getting
underway, sabotage is discovered in the ship's boiler system
which is shut down before damage is incurred.

Pacific 11/03/72: A flash fire in the after fire room of the USS
Henderson (DD-785) puts the Number 4 boiler out of commission.
However, theship continues operations off southern California.

Atlantic 11/12/72: The USS Kretchmer (DER-329) while crossing
the Atlantic is forced to divert to Ponta Delgado, Azores, after
suffering a series of material casualties.

11/14/72: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Russell is damaged in a

Atlantic 11/15/72: The USS Preserver (ARS-8) completes a
month-long trans-Atlantic tow of the USS Brumby (DE-1044) from
Greenock, Scotland,to Charleston, South Carolina, after the
Brumby suffers damage to its steam generators.

Atlantic 12/01/72: According to raw CIA intelligence reports, in
December a Sovietnuclear-powered submarine from the Northern
Fleet suffers a nuclear radiation accident while on patrol off
the eastern coast ofNorth America. The accident involved leakage
from anuclear-armed torpedo in the Mine-Torpedo Department in
the forward section of the submarine. Reportedly, "Doors were
immediately secured in accordance with regulations and some crew
memberswere trapped within the space where the nuclear
radiationleakage occurred."

Pacific 12/02/72: The USS Proteus (AS-19) experiences a blast in
a boiler roomwhile in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, suffering only
slight damage.

Pacific 12/13/72: The USS Ranger (CVA-61) suffers a fire in the
main machineryroom while the ship operates off Vietnam. The fire
takes two hours to control.

Atlantic 12/31/72: According to raw CIA intelligence reports,
probably in December1972 or January 1973 an undetermined
accident during Soviet naval operations cripples a Soviet
nuclear-powered submarine in theAtlantic. Reportedly, the
submarine is towed "at a speed oftwo to three knots" for six
weeks to Severomorsk on the Kola Peninsula, arriving in February
1973. Also, "The crew members trapped in the forward space
initially consumed dry rations that were permanently stored in
the compartment and later theyreceived food through a small
opening from the weather deck.  Upon arrival at Severomorsk,
crew members were permitted to debarkthe submarine. Several men
died shortly after the accident, others later.... The majority
of the submarine crewmembers suffered from some form of
radiation sickness."

Pacific 01/05/73: The USS Henry B. Wilson (DDG-7) while outside
Saigon, SouthVietnam, suffers an in-bore premature explosion in
Mount 51 which destroys a foot of the barrel and injures two

Atlantic 01/21/73: The USS Cascade (AD-16) experiences flooding
and small firesin port at Sigonella, Italy. Sabotage is

Atlantic 01/22/73: The USS Batfish (SSN-681) suffers bottom
damage after running hard aground at Charleston, South Carolina,
while proceeding to sea.  The submarine is pulled free by tugs
and returns to thedock.

Atlantic 01/23/73: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Scylla collides
with a Tamas River ferry between Plymouth and Torpoint in the
river. The ferry'shull is split near the bows, leaving a
three-foot-wide gash from handrail to waterline. The frigate
continueddown river for the sea.

Atlantic 01/23/73: The Royal Navy frigates HMS Russell and HMS
Hardy collide with minor damage in Portsmouth harbor, U.K. as
they maneuverfor a formation departure. Both continued to their
exercise area.

Atlantic 01/23/73: The Royal Navy fleet auxiliary Scarab
collides with the Cleddau King ferry at Neyland, Pembrokshire,
Wales. An engineer onthe ferry, which crosses the Cleddau River,
is hurt when the impact threw him against the engines.

Pacific 01/27/73: The USS Jason (AR-8) suffers minor damage when
struck by theJapanese cargo ship Koro Maru while en route from
Sasebo, Japan, to Keelung, Taiwan.

Pacific 02/04/73: The USS Tolovana (AO-64) is slightly damaged
by a fire apparently of electrical origin while in port at Subic
Bay, Philippines.

Atlantic 02/05/73: The USS Basilone (DD-824) suffers a boiler
room explosion during training 120 miles southeast of New York
City, killing seven.

Pacific 02/07/73: An explosion of fuel leaking from a broken
pipe sets off an engine room fire on the USS Agerholm (DD-826)
while the ship isoff San Diego, California, killing three.

Atlantic 02/10/73: The USS Fairfax County (LST-1193) is holed by
an uncharted reef during amphibious exercises off Carbonaras,
Spain, but is able to continue participation.

Atlantic 02/23/73: The USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVA-42)
suffers minor damagefrom a brief fire in the hangar deck while
the carrier is undergoing restricted availability in Mayport,

Atlantic 03/11/73: The USS Manitowoc (LST-1180) experiences a
brief fire in a pump room while in port at Little Creek,
Virginia. There are noinjuries.

Atlantic 03/27/73: The USS Greenling (SSN-614) goes below its
safe diving levelwhile training about 250 miles northwest of
Bermuda because a needle on a depth guage sticks. The true depth
is disclosed on another gauge before the submarine reaches a
depth that wouldhave crushed her hull. On 30 March the submarine
arrives at itshomeport of Groton, Connecticut. On 10 April the
Greenlingdocks at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, New Hampshire, for
a thorough check.

Atlantic 03/27/73: The USS Hammerhead (SSN-663), operating east
of the VirginiaCapes area at about 300 feet, strikes a submerged
object of unknown nature thought to be non-metallic, perhaps a
whale. The impact was heavy enough to be heard and felt
throughout theship. There was no discernable damage.

Atlantic 04/04/73: The USS Beacon (PG-99) runs aground at
Beaufort Inlet, NorthCarolina, during "Exotic Dancer VI"
exercises and is refloatedthe next day.

Atlantic 04/05/73: While sailing in the Virginia Capes area, the
USS Independence (CVA-62) suffers a 45-minute fire in a catapult
ventilation system which affects its operational readiness.

Pacific 04/10/73: The USS Guadalupe (AO-32) runs aground off
Harbor Island inSan Diego Bay, California, no reported injuries.

Pacific 04/21/73: The USS Guardfish (SSN-612) experiences a
primary coolant leak while running submerged about 370 miles
south-southwest of Puget Sound. The submarine surfaces and is
ventilated and decontaminated, and repairs the casualty
unassisted. Four crewmenare transferred to the Puget Sound Naval
Hospital for monitoring.

Pacific 04/23/73: The USS Force (MSO-445) catches fire and sinks
about 820 miles west of Guam in the Philippine Sea. Seventy
crewmen who abandon the Force are picked up the next day by the
British merchant ship Spratnes.

Atlantic 05/21/73: The USS Sturgeon (SSN-637) strikes the bottom
of the ocean suffering minor damage while operating in deep
water during a dive off the U.S. Virgin Islands. The Navy says
there were no injuries to the crew and the submarine's nuclear
power plant wasnot affected. The submarine put into the nearest
U.S.  port at Frederiksted, St. Croix, under its own power.

Pacific 05/28/73: The USS Charles Berry (DE-1035) and a Japanese
cargo ship suffer minor damage in a collision in Kobe harbor,

Pacific 06/03/73: The USS Hull (DD-945) suffers a minor fire in
an air conditioning unit while in port at San Diego, California.

Pacific 06/04/73: The USS Higbee (DD-806) suffers damage to its
sonar dome when it is grounded for five hours at Subic Bay,

Atlantic 06/06/73: The USS Skipjack (SSN-585) hits an uncharted
sea mount during "Dawn Patrol" exercises in the Mediterranean
Sea.  The submarine suffers minor damage and proceeds on the
surface to Soudha Bay, Crete, for hull inspection.

Atlantic 07/14/73: The USS Robert H. McCard (DD-822) damages its
sonar dome when it runs aground on an uncharted sand bar while
exiting Tampa Bay, Florida.

Atlantic 07/17/73: The U.S. Army Reserve transport ship Hickory
Knoll collideswith U.S. Coast Guard buoy tender Firebrush in
Baltimore harbor, Maryland, shortly after being freed from a
sand bar. Neither ship is seriously damaged. The Army saysthe
Firebrush failed to concede the right of way.

Atlantic 07/28/73: The Canadian diesel submarine Okanagan and
the tanker GreyRover collide off the Scottish coast, no reported

Atlantic 08/03/73: The USS Victoria (AK-281) experiences an
engine room fire while berthed at Eire Basin, Brooklyn, New
York, delaying its sailing by two weeks in order to make

Atlantic 09/05/73: The U.S. Defense Department reports that a
damaged Soviet Echo II class nuclear-powered cruise missile
submarine has been sighted in the Caribbean south of Cuba with
an eight-foot gash in theport bow deck. This is apparently the
result of a collisionwith another Soviet ship, perhaps a cruiser
with visible scrapeson its hull, during maneuvers of the Soviet
Caribbean task force. The Pentagon spokesman said the submarine
did not appear tobe in danger of sinking.

Pacific 09/09/73: The USS Claud Jones (DE-1033) experiences an
engine room fire while en route to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, causing
substantial damage but no casualties.

Atlantic 09/22/73: The USS Saratoga (CVA-60) experiences a fire
on the third deck, between the flight deck and the hangar deck,
which takes nine hours to extinguish while the ship is in
drydock at Norfolk, Virginia.

Atlantic 10/07/73: The Soviet Kanin class guided missile
destroyer 252 accidently releases a torpedo after an explosion
in a torpedo tube while shadowing the Royal Navy aircraft
carrier HMS Hermes during NATO "Swift Move" exercises in the
North Sea.  Other torpedoesare jettisoned to clear the tubes
near the fire.

Pacific 11/01/73: A U.S. Navy 100-foot underwater demolition
team's vessel rams aminisubmarine in San Diego harbor,
California, as both vessels are returning to Coronado amphibious
base from routine exerciseswith 40 other vessels, killing one.

Pacific 12/11/73: A fire, probably due to a fuel line failure,
occurs in the mainengine room on board the USS Kitty Hawk
(CVA-63) while the ship is 700 miles east of the Philippines,
killing six.

Atlantic 12/12/73: An explosion rips through the stack of the
USS Detroit's (AOE-4) after engine room, causing much material
damage while the ship is in Newport, Rhode Island, for repairs
and upkeep.

Pacific 12/29/73: An oil slick 11 miles in length results when a
fuel tank of theUSS Pvt Joseph F. Merrell (T-AK-275) is opened
in a collision with the Liberian freighter Pearl Venture off the
Californian coast. The Pvt JosephF. Merrell is towed into San
Luis Obispo Bay the next day while the oil slick dissipates at

Atlantic 01/08/74: The USS Kittiwake (ASR-13) receives minor
hull damage in a collision with the USS Finback (SSN-670) at the
destroyer-submarine piers at the Norfolk Naval Base, Virginia.

Atlantic 01/21/74: The U.S. Navy says it is investigating
possible sabotage in thecutting of electrical wires in the USS
Spadefish (SSN-668),which is undergoing a one-year overhaul in
the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Virginia. Electrical wires on the
submarinehad been cut several times since the fall of 1973,
prompting the Navy to investigate.

Pacific 02/13/74: The USS Gurke (DD-783) experiences an
electrical fire whileoperating in the Okinawa area, which
damages a switchboard and associated equipment and injures two.

Indian 02/14/74: The USS Schofield (DEG-3) suffers a propulsion
casualty andis taken in tow by the USS Bainbridge (DLGN-25) near
the entrance of the Red Sea in the Indian Ocean. Repairs are
completedthe next day.

Pacific 04/07/74: The USS Wyandot (T-AKA-92) is in collision
with merchant ship Sacramento Venture off the entrance to
Keelung, Taiwan. There were no casualties.

Atlantic 04/17/74: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered ballistic
missile submarine HMS Renown strikes the seabed while carrying
out an exercise in the Firth of Clyde. The submarine had just
completed an expensive refit in Rosyth but was not carrying
nuclearwarheads. The captain Commander Robin Whiteside faced a
court-martial on 11 June.

Atlantic 04/25/74: The USS DuPont (DD-941) collides with the
left swing span ofa bridge at Yorktown, Virginia. The ship
suffers damage to theforward mast while the bridge is closed to
traffic for about anhour.

Pacific 05/01/74: In May the USS Pintado (SSN-672) reportedly
collides almosthead-on with a Soviet Yankee class
nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine while cruising 200
feet deep in the approaches tothe Petropavlovsk naval base on
the Kamchatka Peninsula.The Soviet submarine surfaced
immediately, but the extent of damage was not known. The Pintado
departed from the area at top underwater speed and proceeded to
Guam whereit entered drydock for repairs lasting seven weeks.
The collision smashed much of the Pintado's detection sonar, a
starboard side torpedo hatch was jammed shut and diving plane
received moderate damage.The Pintado was on an intelligence
gathering mission in Soviet territorial waters.

Atlantic 05/06/74: The USS Jallao (SS-368) experiences an
explosion in the engine room while providing services in the
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, operating area. An electrical arc ignited
the engine room atmosphere causing a quick flash.The submarine
surfaces and returns to port needing minor repairsand soot
clean-up. Sixteen crewmembers are hospitalized with smoke
inhalation effects and one with burns.

Pacific 05/23/74: An explosion in the hold of USS John R. Craig
(DD-885) underoverhaul in drydock at a civilian shipyard at Swan
Island, Oregon, rocks the destroyer and buckles its plates,
injuring 18. Welding was being done in the area where the
explosion occurred.

Pacific 07/27/74: The USS Enterprise (CVAN-65) suffers a fire in
an electricalmaintenance area off California, no reported

Indian 08/03/74: A wave sweeps over the forward deck of the USS
Hawkins (DD-873) as it is refueling from the USS Marias
(T-AO-57) in theIndian Ocean, injuring seven. An emergency visit
toDiego Suarez, Madagascar, is made so the men can be treated at

Pacific 08/05/74: The USS Lipan (ATF-85) collides with the
tanker Atlantic Prestige between Vancouver Island and Washington
while towing another vessel.

Atlantic 08/31/74: The Royal Navy coastal minesweeper HMS
Brinton collides witha museum ship.

Pacific 09/01/74: The first and only Japanese nuclear-powered
merchant ship, the Mutsu, develops a reactor leak during its
first test voyage in the Pacific. The leakage apparently results
from a faulty design in the reactor's shielding system and
involves the releaseof radiation -- gamma rays and neutrons
escaping through a hatchcover -- rather than an a leak of actual
radioactive materials.Emergency repairs are made reportedly with
a thick layer of sticky boiled rice. However, the ship drifts
for weeks offnorthern Japan due to protests by fishermen who are
concerned about contamination of their scallop beds in the
vicinity of the ship's homeport of Mutsu and refuse to allow the
the ship to dock. The fishermen end their protest after the
governmentpromises compensation and the ship docks in Mutsu on
15 October.In 1978 the ship is moved to Sasebo, Japan, and work
on repairing the leak begins in August 1980 at the Sasebo Heavy
Industries Company.

Atlantic 09/03/74: Shortly after getting underway in Norfolk,
Virginia, the USS Butte (AE-27) suffers a major fire in the main
switchboard, disrupting all ship support electrical supply. The
Butte is towed back to the naval base for repairs which include
replacingthe switchboard.

Atlantic 09/19/74: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Sovereign develops a steering defect during
exercises off the west coastof Scotland while on the surface. On
23 September the ship istowed from the Coulport naval base tothe
submarine base at Faslane, Scotland, for investigation and

Atlantic 09/27/74: The New York Times reports that Turkey's
semi-official Anatolian News Agency said that a Soviet Kashin
class guided missile destroyer exploded and sank in the Black
Sea with no survivorsabout two weeks ago. Both Turkish Navy
officials and theU.S. Defense Department refuse to confirm
reports of the sinking. The Kashin class can carry
nuclear-capable SA-N-1 Goa surface-to-air missiles, but
qualified sources doubted the destroyer was carrying any
nuclear-armed versions since the ship was onits sea trials.
Later newspaper accounts based on U.S.  intelligence sources
report that 75 or more people may have been rescued, but even so
a minimum of 275 perished.

Pacific 10/19/74: The USS Richard S. Edwards (DD-950)
experiences one-foot deep flooding in the fire room while in
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Thewater is pumped out.

Atlantic 11/02/74: A four-hour fire aboard the Royal Navy
cruiser HMS Bristol damages the turbine and boiler rooms and
injures four sailors. The ship was on sea trials off
Pembrokeshire, U.K., and had to betowed back to port.

Atlantic 11/03/74: The USS James Madison (SSBN-627) collides
with an unknown Soviet submarine in the North Sea according to
Jack Anderson's regular newspaper column of 1 January 1975. The
collision left a nine-foot scrape in the Madison. According to
Anderson thetwo submarines came within inches of sinking one
another. The Madison proceeded to Holy Loch, Scotland, to effect
repairs.The U.S. Navy refused to comment on the incident.

Atlantic 12/06/74: The USS Yukon (T-AO-152) experiences a fire
in the electrical control board which renders the ship dead in
the water in thewestern Mediterranean. The fire occurrs in heavy
weather and theship drifts toward the Algerian coast.

Pacific 12/12/74: The USS Edson (DD-946) experiences a fire in
the after fireroom while training with USS Coral Sea (CVA-43)
off Hawaii.The fire was caused by the ignition of oil which was
spraying from a rupture in a lube oilguage line. The area was
secured and fire extinguished with nopersonnel casualties. The
destroyer returned to Pearl Harbor under its own power for

Atlantic 12/13/74: The USS Saratoga (CV-60) suffers a major
aircraft accident when a jet blast deflector is inadvertently
raised into the the turning propeller of a plane while the ship
is involved in exercise "National Week XVII" in the Tyrrhenian
Sea, injuring fivecrewmen and damaging five planes.

Atlantic 12/14/74: The USS Kamehameha (SSBN-642) strikes
submerged fishing gearduring independent exercises in the
central Mediterranean. Deep hull scrapes on the port side, a
sheared underwater log sword,and a damaged screw result. The
vessel returns to port underits own power for repairs.

Atlantic 12/24/74: The Argentine warship Candido de Lasala
suffers an explosionin its boiler room in the English Channel,
killing two and injuring three.

Pacific 12/31/74: Before 1975, a U.S. submarine engaged in a
Holystone intelligence gathering mission reportedly is
temporarily grounded in Vladivostok harbor. This apparently
occurs when the vessel was running on low power to avoid
detection andstrikes the harbor bottom. It eventually frees
itself. (See 5/25/75 entry. This accident is specifically
reported as separatefrom other New York Times accounts of
Holystone operations.)

Pacific 01/05/75: The USS Enhance (MSO-437) is disabled by an
engine room firewhen a ruptured "O" ring in a lube oil filter
causes the turbocharger to explode while operating off San
Diego, California.

Atlantic 01/20/75: The USS Newman K. Perry (DD-883) strikes an
unknown object off New Jersey, cutting a small hole in the
engine room and causing minor flooding.

Pacific 02/16/75: The USS Swordfish (SSN-579) runs aground near
Lanai, Hawaii,while conducting post-overhaul trials. The
submarine surfacessafely and returns to Pearl Harbor for
inspection and repair. The Navy says the submarine damaged
sensor devices mounted onhull, but there were no breaks in the
hull. The Honolulu Star-Bulletin, however, receives reports that
a torpedo room flooded. The Navy denies this.

Pacific 02/24/75: The USS Kansas City (AOR-3) is struck by the
USS Henry B.Wilson (DDG-7) while moored at Subic Bay,
Philippines, and both ships receive minor damage.

Atlantic 03/03/75: The USS Iwo Jima (LPH-2) and USS Nashville
(LPD-13) areseverely damaged when the Iwo Jima loses steering
control and rams into the Nashville during highline transfer
about 1,000 miles southwest of the Azores.

Atlantic 03/05/75: The USS Edward McDonnell (FF-1043) is struck
from astern bya Finnish merchant ship while entering Hamburg,
West Germany, inrain and fog. The collision opens an
eight-foot-square hole above the waterline of the frigate.

Atlantic 03/24/75: The USS Dace (SSN-607) collides with a
fishing vessel whilesurfaced in the Narraganset Bay area off
Rhode Island. There was no reported damage to the submarine.

Pacific 03/26/75: The USS Holland (AS-32) suffers a Class Alpha
fire caused byspontaneous combustion of fiber glass materials in
a sanding room while undergoing overhaul at the Puget Sound
Naval Shipyard,Washington.

Atlantic 04/08/75: The USS Meredith (DD-890) suffers an
explosion and fire in afreshwater tank in the forward fire room
while undergoing overhaul in Jacksonville, Florida, killing two
civilian workers.

Atlantic 04/08/75: The USS Koelsch (FF-1049) experiences
flooding in the dieselgenerator room when an air conditioning
main ruptures while inMayport, Florida.

Pacific 04/23/75: The USS Snook (SSN-592) becomes entangled in a
net of a probable Soviet fishing trawler while submerged at a
depth of 150 feet in a submarine diving area 30 miles off San
Francisco, California. The Snook is pulled to periscope depth
immediatelyastern of the fishing ship, however it breaks free
and clears the area. About 25 Soviet fishing vessels are in the
area when the incident occurrs.

Atlantic 04/29/75: The USS Patterson (FF-1061) experiences
flooding in a machinery room when an air compressor saltwater
cooling line ruptureswhile in upkeep in Mayport, Florida.

05/25/75: A lengthy story in the New York Times details a secret
U.S. Navy submarine intelligence gathering program code-named
Holystone. Using specially equipped submarines the Navy has
spied onthe Soviet Union and other countries since the early
1960s,at times within their three-mile limit. Several accidents
resulted from these missions including the damaging of a U.S.
submarine which surfaced under a Soviet ship during a Soviet
fleet exercise as well as accidents listed at 12/31/65,12/31/67,
12/31/68, 10/31/69, 11/14/69, 3/31/71, 5/1/74, and 12/31/74.
Further exposes of the Holystone program are in the Washington
Post (1/4/74), New York Times (7/4 and 7/6/75), Village Voice
(2/16/76), Chicago Tribune(12/4/77) and Baltimore Sun (4/18/81).
According to the reports, most of the submarines involved in
Holystone missions were Sturgeon class nuclear-powered attack
submarines, which alsowere armed with nuclear weapons.

Pacific 06/10/75: The USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) suffers major
flooding in its Number 1 machinery room while 135 nautical miles
northwest of WakeIsland, crossing to the western Pacific.

Atlantic 06/15/75: A boiler flareback explosion damages two
boilers and adjacent uptakes of the USS Independence (CV-62)
while moored at Norfolk, Virginia.

Atlantic 06/20/75: The Navy announces eight minor fires that
occurred aboard the USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) earlier in the
week may have beenset by a sailor in an effort to forestall its
departure from Norfolk, Virginia, on a seven-month deployment.

Atlantic 08/05/75: The Royal Navy Reserve minesweeper HMS
Killiecrankie rams ayacht, sinking it, and damages two other
pleasure craft in GreatYarmouth harbor, U.K., when the
minesweeper tries to turn whileleaving Yarmouth at the end of a

Atlantic 08/07/75: The USS Dahlgren (DDG-43) collides with the
Panamanian freighter Eurybates about three-and-one-half miles
east of Port Colon in the Panama Canal Zone. There are no

Atlantic 09/29/75: The USS Albany (CG-10) suffers a Class Bravo
fire after a fuel oil strainer explosion east of Norfolk while
en route to northern Europe, killing one.On 1 October the Albany
rejoins the Second Fleet task groupheaded for northern Europe,
with repairs scheduled to take placein Europe.

Atlantic 10/24/75: The USS Farragut (DDG-37) is momentarily
grounded while departing Den Helder, Netherlands, for Brest,
France. Both sonar domes are damaged and the ship proceeds at
reduced speed.

Atlantic 11/12/75: The Royal Navy frigate Achilles collides with
the tanker Olympic Alliance in thick fog in the English Channel,
no reported injuries.

Atlantic 11/20/75: The USS Independence (CV-62) is in a minor
collision with the USS Denebola (AF-56) during night
replenishment in the North Sea.

Atlantic 11/21/75: The USS Belknap (CG-26) is involved in an oil
spill during refueling with the USS Waccamaw (T-AO-109) in the
Ionian Seaabout 25 nautical miles from Italy.

Atlantic 11/22/75: The USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) and the USS
Belknap (CG-26) collide in rough seas at night during air
exercises about 70miles east of Sicily. The overhanging flight
deck of the carrier cuts into the superstructure of the cruiser
settingoff fires on the Belknap which are not controlled for
two-and-one-half hours on account of frequent flarebacks. The
commander of Carrier Striking Forces for the U.S. Sixth fleet,
reporting to higher commands shortly after the collision,
declares apossible nuclear weapons accident -- a Broken Arrow --
stating there was a "high probability that nuclear weapons [W45
Terrier missile warheads] on the USS Belknap were involved in
fire and explosions," but there were "no direct communications
withthe Belknap at this time," and "no positive indications
thatexplosions were directly related to nuclear weapons." He
alsonotes that casualties recovered thus far show no exposure to
radiation. Nonetheless, monitoring and medical teams
were"alerted to the possibility of contamination." He adds that
thenuclear weapons on board the Kennedy were not affected.
Anhour after the Broken Arrow message was sent the USS Claude V.
Ricketts (DDG-5), alongside the Belknap fighting thefire,
reported that Belknap personnel said "no radiation hazard exists
aboard." Six people aboard the Belknap and one aboard the
Kennedy are killed. The Belknap suffers serious damage, is put
out of commission, and towed back to theU.S. to effect repairs
lasting four years. It returns to the fleet in 1980. Smaller
fires and other damage on the Kennedyare quickly contained and
the carrier continues operations.

Pacific 11/24/75: An ASROC motor prematurely ignites seriously
burning one man while the USS Richard S. Edwards (DD-950) is en
route to the Pacific Missile Range Facility, Barking Sands,
Kauai, from Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. A manufacturing defect in one
of the rocketmotor components is determined to be the accident's

Indian 11/25/75: A plane attempting to land on the USS Midway
(CV-41) strikesthe ramp, bolts, impacts the barricade, and
strikes another plane during post- "Midlink" exercises in the
Indian Ocean. Flyingdebris injures two crewmen.

Pacific 12/06/75: The USS Haddock (SSN-621) develops a leak and
floods duringa deep dive while on a test run near Hawaii. The
U.S. Navy confirms the incident, but denies the vessel is unsafe
as crew members had charged in late October. A number of
enlisted menhad protested sending the ship to sea, claiming it
had cracks inthe main cooling piping, leaks, and malfunctions
and deficiencies in other systems, including the steering
mechanism.  The Navyreplied that in accordance with strict
safety proceduresany problems are corrected before the ship goes
to sea.

Atlantic 12/15/75: The USS Saratoga (CV-60) and the USS
Mississinewa (AO-144) are in a minor collision during underway
replenishment off the Florida coast.

Atlantic 12/16/75: The USS Inchon (LPH-12) and the USS
Caloosahatchee (AO-98) are in a minor collision during refueling
in rough seas westof Italy.

Atlantic 12/20/75: The USS Santa Barbara (AE-28) suffers a Class
Alpha fire while moored at Charleston, South Carolina, without
crew and ammunition in preparation for regular overhaul.

Atlantic 12/31/75: Around 1975, according to The Virginian-Pilot
and The Ledger-Star, the USS California (CGN-36) spills 15 to 20
gallonsof primary coolant while the ship is at the Norfolk Naval

Atlantic 01/27/76: While anchored in Augusta Bay, Sicily, the
USS Spiegel Grove(LSD-32) is struck on the bow and starboard
quarter by the Panamanian merchant vessel Honesty which had
dragged anchor during winds of 50 knots.

Atlantic 01/27/76: The USS Guadalcanal (LPH-7) exiting Augusta
Bay, Sicily, goes aground on a peak of coral which pushes in
areas on either side of the bow, but does not crack or hole the
ship. On 30 January, with cargo, personnel, helicopters, and
fuel off-loadedto assist the effort, the ship is refloated.

Atlantic 02/13/76: The USS Iwo Jima (LPH-2) experiences a boiler
casualty whileparticipating in a "Rum Punch" exercise in the
Caribbean. Thecasualty limits the ship's speed to 15 knots and
half power. Anembarked Royal NetherlandsMarine Unit was
airlifted to Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico, and the helicopter
carrier got underway for New Orleans.

Atlantic 02/29/76: The USS Sellers (DDG-11) conducted an
emergency underway atIskenderun, Turkey, as heavy weather made
its position at the NATO fuel pier untenable. The destroyer
suffered some scraping and minor damage along themain deck but
was able to clear without injuries to crew or damage below the

Pacific 02/29/76: The USS New Orleans (LPH-11), crossing from
the western Pacific to San Diego, California, suffers vibrations
at speeds aboveten knots. It is discovered that one blade is
missing from thefour-bladed screw.On 2 March it alters course
from California to Hawaii as the damage impedes its progress.

Pacific 03/21/76: The British iron ore carrier Cape Ortegal is
hit by a rocket, believed to be fired by a Japanese defense
force aircraft during an exercise.

Atlantic 03/30/76: The USS Elmer Montgomery (FF-1082) suffers a
fire in a storeroom while in port at Norfolk, Virginia. The
ship's crew with assistance from the USS Mitscher (DDG-35) and
the base fire department extinguish the fire. No personnel are
injured andthe damage is minor.

Atlantic 04/16/76: The USS Albany (CG-10) experiences a nuclear
weapons incident -- Dull Sword -- when during handling of TALOS
nuclear warhead trainers a top-side hoist fails as the ship is
finishing repairs and upkeep at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard,
Virginia.On 4 May 1976 a TALOS safety working group convenes
aboard the Albany to observe and evaluate modifications made to
the hoist as a result of the accident.

Arctic 05/01/76: Early May -- a Norwegian fishing vessel in
international watersoff Murmansk snags a Soviet nuclear-powered
attack submarine's fin at about 450 feet below the surface. The
Soviet boat surfaced and the fisherman could see the Soviet
crewmen cutting atthe entangling cables with hammer and chisels.
The submarine was later towed toward Murmansk by Soviet rescue

Atlantic 05/01/76: The Sixth Fleet flagship USS Little Rock
(CG-4) experiencesa casualty in the main engine lube oil system
in the TyrrhenianSea.On 2 May it enters Naples for repairs.

Pacific 05/01/76: In May fuel oil leaks into the lower level of
the ballistic missile magazine aboard the USS Proteus (AS-19)
while the ship is in Apra Harbor, Guam. According to the Navy,
the leak was detected by magazine personnel and stopped.

Atlantic 05/02/76: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Warspitesuffers a fire in a diesel generating room
while berthed in Royal Seaforth Dock, Crosby on the Mersey,
U.K., injuring three. The Ministry of Defense says "There
isabsolutely no nuclear hazard." Originally it is anticipated
that its patrol would be delayed one week. However, in January
1979 it is reported that the fire was caused by a failure of a
coupling on a lubricating oil pipe, whichallowed oil to be
sprayed over a diesel generator. And, that repairs were still
believed to be continuing at a cost of 5,194,000 pounds

Atlantic 05/08/76: The USS Corry (DD-817) while sailing outbound
on the Delaware River is struck on the starboard side by the
West German merchantman Mormannia. The Corry suffers minor hull
damage above the waterline with no personnel injuries.

Atlantic 05/31/76: The USS Vesole (DD-878) suffers a fire while
moored alongside a pier at Taranto, Italy. It was started by a
yard worker welding on the base of the Number 1 stack.
Electrical cables wereshorted and thedestroyer's operational
capability was affected. There were noinjuries.

Pacific 06/09/76: The USS Wabash (AOR-5) and USS Flint (AE-32)
collide while conducting towing exercises about 900 nautical
miles northwest of Hawaii. Both ships continue onward to a
western Pacific deployment.

Arctic 07/01/76: The Norwegian fishing trawler Sjovik snags the
bow of a Soviet November class nuclear-powered attack submarine
and is dragged backward for about a mile in the Barents Sea
north of the Soviet naval base at Murmansk. The submarine
surfaces, cutsitself free, and proceeds on the surface toward

Atlantic 07/02/76: A fire breaks out in the main engine room of
the USS Kilauea(AE-26), while it is drydocked for overhaul at
Richmond, Virginia.

Atlantic 08/11/76: The Royal Navy patrol vessel HMS Reward
collides with the freighter Plainsman and sinks off the coast of
Scotland. All40 crewmen are rescued.

Atlantic 08/25/76: The USS Conyngham (DDG-17) and USS Josephus
Daniels (CG-27) are in a minor collision during "National Week
21" exercisesin the western Mediterranean.

Pacific 08/25/76: The USS Pollack (SSN-603) snags the nets of
Japanese fishingboats in the eastern channel of the the Tsushima
Strait. Two boats cut away and abandon their nets. The Pollack
suffers no major damage and there is no known damage to the

Atlantic 08/28/76: A Soviet Echo II class nuclear-powered cruise
missile submarinestrikes the USS Voge (FF-1047) with its sail on
the port quarter below the helicopter hangar, about 150 miles
southwest of Souda Bay, Crete. The submarine departs the area
under itsown power to the Kithera Anchorage off Greece escorted
by Sovietships. The Voge suffers split bulkheads, buckled
plating,and a damaged propeller and is towed to Souda Bay by the
Moinster (FF-1097) and Preserver (ARS-8). The submarinedamages
its sail. In September the Voge is towed to Toulon,France. On 7
September the U.S. State Department announces that the U.S. and
Soviet Union had exchanged notes, each blaming the other for the

Atlantic 09/01/76: The Turkish diesel submarine Dumlupinar and
the freighter Fizik Vavilov collide in the Dardanelles, no
reported casualties.

Atlantic 09/14/76: The USS Bordelon (DD-881) experiences
steering control difficulties during refueling and collides with
the USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) 75 miles northwest of Scapa
Flow, Scotland, causing topside damage to the Bordelon and
injuring six.Damage to the Kennedy is minor. The Bordelon
proceeds to Plymouth, U.K., for repairs before going to the
United States.The Navy subsequently decommissions the ship
because repairs would be too expensive.

Atlantic 09/14/76: The USS Raleigh (LPD-1) leaves Moorehead
City, North Carolina, after a week's delay caused by inoperative
feed pumps to participate in the "Teamwork" exercises off
Norway.  While crossingthe Atlantic, the ship experiences
furtherengineering problems, causing the ship to be diverted to
Plymouth, U.K. The ship arrives 24 September for two weeks of
repairsto the feed pumps before sailing on 9 October.

Atlantic 09/20/76: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Mermaid and the
minesweeper HMS Fittleton collide during the NATO exercise
"Teamwork 76" in the North Sea. The Fittleton capsizes and
sinks, killing 12.

Atlantic 09/24/76: The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Glasgow suffers
a fire while being fitted out at Swan Hunter Tyneside yard,
Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, U.K., killing eight workmen.

Atlantic 10/01/76: According to raw CIA intelligence reports,
during October the launch compartment of a Soviet nuclear
submarine of unknown classcatches fire in the Atlantic. Three
officers are reported killed. The submarine is able to return to
port under its ownpower.

Pacific 10/08/76: A Japanese fishing vessel snags a Soviet
Charlie class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine off the
Kamchatka Peninsula. The fishing boat is dragged backward until
it reels in its nets and the submarine surfaces. The nets are
cut to free thesubmarine.

Pacific 11/02/76: A major explosion takes place in a boiler of
the USS Ponchatoula (AO-148) in port at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
The explosion blows out the side and back wall of the Number 2

Pacific 12/19/76: A F-14 Tomcat aircraft misses a landing on the
USS Enterprise (CVN-65), and its wingtip strikes two other
aircraft on the flight deck before it veers out of control and
crashes into the South China Sea.

12/31/76: According to raw CIA intelligence reports, during 1976
a sailorwho had served on board a Soviet nuclear-powered
ballistic missile submarine of unknown class dies of "excessive
exposure to radiation."He was exposed to radiation on board
through his own negligenceat least a year prior to his death and
was in and outof hospitals before being permanently hospitalized
in 1975.

Atlantic 12/31/76: In 1976 a barge carrying 500-lb. bombs breaks
away from the USSDetroit (AOE-4) and floats down the York River,
Virginia. The barge was stopped after 30 minutes and no damage
was reported.

Indian 01/02/77: The USS Mizar (T-AGOR-11) suffers a casualty to
the port main propulsion drive shafting while en route to
Karachi, Pakistan,to participate in Arabian Sea survey

Indian 01/02/77: A Pakistani midget submarine is lost off
Karachi, Pakistan, killing eight.

Atlantic 01/12/77: The USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CV-42)
collides with the Liberian freighter Oceanus as the Roosevelt
proceeds south through the Strait of Messina. Both ships are
able to proceed toport under their own power.

Atlantic 01/17/77: An LCM-6 landing boat from the USS Trenton
(LPD-14) carryingmore than 100 marines and sailors returning
from liberty overturns in a collision with the Spanish freighter
Uriea in Barcelona harbor, Spain, killing 48.

Pacific 02/08/77: A minor boiler explosion occurs aboard the USS
Fanning (FF-1076) as the ship operates 15 miles from San
Francisco, California, injuring three.

Atlantic 02/08/77: A fire breaks out in the engine room of the
USS Preserver (ARS-8) near the Bahamas. The ship is towed by the
USS Bowen(FF-1079) to Mayport, Florida, for repairs.

Atlantic 02/11/77: The USS Barnstable County (LST-1197) collides
with the moored Liberian ship Pounentes while clearing berth
under pilot control at Cura‡ao, Netherlands Antilles, resulting
in minor damage.

Pacific 02/20/77: The USS Ranger (CV-61) experiences a Class
Alpha fire in theanchor machinery room while drydocked at Puget
Sound Naval Shipyard, Washington.

Pacific 03/12/77: The USS Mauna Kea (AE-22) loses propulsion
because of a mechanical failure in the Number 1 boiler while en
route from Guam to Okinawa. It enters Apra harbor, Guam, the
next day under tow.

Atlantic 03/16/77: The USS Manley (DD-940) suffers a flash-back
in a mount during gunnery exercises off Guantanamo Bay, Cuba,
injuring four. The mount is placed out of commission due to fire
and water damage when a second powdercasing explodes after the
mount is evacuated.

Pacific 03/18/77: The USS Hepburn (FF-1055) suffers a Class
Alpha fire causedby spontaneous combustion of refuse while off
San Diego, California.

Atlantic 03/18/77: The Royal Navy coastal minesweeper HMS Maxton
accidentally fires at the Royal Navy frigate HMS Achilles off
the Scottishcoast when live shells instead of blanks are used in
a practicefiring. Two shells hit and causemoderate damage to the

Atlantic 03/20/77: The USS Dyess (DD-880) suffers a wardroom
fire apparently caused by arson while in port at Mayport,
Florida. There is minordamage.

03/24/77: An inquest records accidental death verdicts for three
sailors who died in an engine room fire aboard the Royal Navy
frigate HMSAshanti.

Atlantic 04/07/77: All nine ships in U.S. Navy Task Group 21.2
including the USS Independence (CV-62) suffer varying amounts of
damage when they encounter a storm with 20-foot seas about 1,000
miles west ofRota, Spain. Some Independence planes land atLajes
Air Base in the Azores.

Atlantic 04/20/77: The USS Independence (CV-62) and the USS
Truckee (AO-147) collide in the Tyrrhenian Sea during underway
replenishment when the Truckee loses steering control.

Indian 05/14/77: The USS Neches (T-AO-183) runs aground in the
inner anchorage at Port Suez, Eygpt, while awaiting a pilot. It
is refloatedthree days later following four failed attempts.

Indian 05/19/77: The USS Mizar (T-AGOR-11) suffers an engine
room explosion and fire while west of Sumatra, Indonesia. The
ship proceeds onone engine to Singapore for repairs.

Atlantic 05/29/77: The USS Sampson (DDG-10) runs aground at the
entrance to SanJuan, Puerto Rico, but is cleared within an hour
by the ship'sengines and one tug. The sonar dome is slightly

Atlantic 06/06/77: Several U.S. Navy ships, including the USS
California (CGN-36) and the USS El Paso (LKA-117), part their
moorings and suffer minor damage during high winds in the
Norfolk, Virginia, area.

Indian 06/15/77: The USS Trippe (FF-1075) suffers damage to its
sonar dome during a search and rescue operation for a crashed
Kuwaiti helicopter in the Persian Gulf.

Atlantic 07/12/77: The USS Rich (DD-820) and the USS
Caloosahatchee (AO-98)collide north of the U.S. Virgin Islands
following underway replenishment when the Rich loses steering
control, strikes theoiler's starboard bow, and thencontinues
across the bow raking the Rich's port side. The Rich is escorted
to Mayport, Florida.

Atlantic 07/20/77: The USS Direct (MSO-430) is badly damaged by
a two-hour engine room fire about 120 miles southeast of
Newport, Rhode Island,and is taken under tow to Newport where it
arrives the next day.

Atlantic 07/22/77: The USS Henry L. Stimson (SSBN-655) fouls the
fishing nets of a Spanish trawler while undergoing refresher
training in the Rota area off Spain.

Atlantic 08/06/77: A major Class Bravo fire occurs in the
forward engine room of USS Hunley (AS-31) while the ship is part
of the Atlantic Fleet. "The excellent response of the DutyDamage
Control Party and action of other individuals on board limited
the fire to the forward engine room and extinguished it
25minutesfrom its start. Fire, smoke, and/or firefighting water
damagedthe Number 2 main engine, Numbers 1 and 2 main propulsion
generators, Numbers 1and 2 ship service generators, Numbers 1
and 2 low pressure aircompressors, Number 2 force draft blower,
Number 2 evaporator and salinityindicating system, plus runs of
electrical cable in the vicinityof the fire. The forward
switchboard, 1S, was grounded by firefightingwater rendering the
forward part of the ship without normal electrical power."

Atlantic 08/23/77: While the USS Saratoga (CV-60) is en route to
the Strait ofMessina, an aerosol can explodes in the Number 2
incinerator oftheship, causing a fire which threatens the
aircraft of Hangar BayNumber 2. According to the Navy, "The fast
andprofessional reaction of the crew and the decision to call
awayGQ [General Quarters] can be directly credited for the
successful handling of the potential disaster."

Atlantic 09/20/77: The USS Ray (SSN-653) strikes the bottom
south of Sardinia,Italy, damaging its bow area. The Ray surfaces
and proceedsto La Maddalena naval base on Sardinia escorted by
the USS Grayling (SSN-646).

Atlantic 09/29/77: The USS Archerfish (SSN-678) and USS
Philadelphia (SSN-690) collide stern to stern at slow speeds at
the Groton submarine base, Connecticut, with minor damage

Atlantic 10/06/77: The USS Saratoga (CV-60) collides with the
Austrian container ship Ville d'Orient in the Strait of Messina
with no injuries and minor damage reported.

Atlantic 10/12/77: The USS Sealift Atlantic (T-AO-172) becomes
dead in the water about 800 miles northeast of Puerto Rico after
suffering a propeller casualty. On 15 October the ship is placed
under tow bythe USS Gear (T-ARS-34) headed toward Puerto Rico.

10/27/77: A seaman is acquitted of starting fires on the Royal
Navy frigate HMS Gurkha.

Atlantic 11/24/77: The Washington Post reports NATO sources
believe that theSoviet Navy is experiencing trouble with its
Yak-36 V/STOL aircraft after an incident where the flight deck
of the Kiev assault ship was set on fire by one of the aircraft.
TheKiev itself had only been at sea for two weeks since
deployment to the Northern Fleet in Fall 1976.

Atlantic 12/04/77: The USS W.S. Sims (FF-1059) loses power after
a boiler casualty results in the loss of a generator during
training 70 milessouth of Bermuda. The frigate is able to get
underway for Mayport, Florida, after the USS Ainsworth (FF-1090)
rigsemergency power from alongside.

Pacific 12/06/77: The USS Pintado (SSN-672) sustains damage to
the top of itsrudder in a minor collision with a South Korean
Navy ship duringexercises off Korea. The Pintado initiated
emergency deepdive procedures when the surface ship turned
toward thesubmarine at close range.

Atlantic 12/31/77: According to raw CIA intelligence reports, in
1977 about 12 Soviet naval officers serving on a nuclear-powered
submarine in theAtlantic return to Leningrad via an Aeroflot
flight from Canada.The reason for the return was not announced
butit was known at the time that these officers were taken from
a Soviet submarine in the Atlantic by a Soviet fishing trawler
andsubsequently transported to Canada where they boarded the
plane.The CIA sources suggest this may have been a
medicalemergency connected with radiation exposure.

Indian 12/31/77: According to raw CIA intelligence reports, in
1977 a Soviet nuclear-powered submarine suffers an internal fire
while in the Indian Ocean. The submarine is forced to surface in
an attempt to fight the fire which takes several days to
extinguish.A Soviet trawler subsequently tows the submarine to a
port nearVladivostok.

Atlantic 12/31/77: Around 1977, according to a report in The
Virginian-Pilot andThe Ledger-Star, 40 to 50 gallons of primary
coolant spill from the USS California (CGN-36) while the ship is
in Norfolk, Virginia.

Atlantic 12/31/77: Sometime during 1976-77, the Royal Navy
nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine HMS Repulse suffers
a fire, causing 200,000 pounds sterling damage.

Atlantic 01/12/78: The French Navy escort vessel Duperre is
pulled off by a tugafter it runs aground in a storm off Brittany
at night. The ship is towed into Brest, France.

Atlantic 01/15/78: An A-7 Corsair II aircraft crashes upon
landing aboard the USS Forrestal (CV-59) while the carrier
operates about 50 miles off St. Augustine, Florida, killing one
and injuring ten.

Pacific 01/18/78: The USS Cree (ATF-84) is struck by three Mark
82 bombs neara target ship during exercises by planes of the USS
Enterprise (CVN-65) off San Diego, California. Two explosions
close tothe Cree cause flooding while a third lodges inthe
starboard side and is later defused by an explosives ordnance
disposal team. The tug is taken in tow after damage control
teams control the flooding.

Atlantic 02/22/78: The USS L.Y. Spear (AS-36) and the Liberian
merchant ship Zephyros receive minor damage in a collision in
the Mississippi River.

Indian 04/01/78: The USS Sealift Mediterranean (T-AO-173) runs
aground off Rondo Island, Indonesia, about 30 nautical miles off
Sumatra's northwestern tip.

Atlantic 04/03/78: The USS Fort Snelling (LSD-30) and the USS
Waccamaw (T-AO-109) receive structural damage in a collision
north of Corsica, France, when the Waccamaw loses steering
control during refueling. Both proceed under their own power to
Naples,Italy, for repairs.

Atlantic 04/25/78: The USS Concord (AFS-5) is badly damaged by a
fire in its cargo spaces while moored at Palma de Majorca,
Spain.  One hundredand five people are treated for smoke
inhalation and minor burns.

Atlantic 05/03/78: The USS Dewey (DDG-45) suffers a fire which
damages the missile fire control system while in port at Naples,

Pacific 05/14/78: While surfacing in the western Pacific the USS
Darter (SS-576) suffers flooding when about 45,000 pounds of
seawater enter the engine room after a snorkel head valve fails.
The USS Schofield (FFG-3) escorts the submarine toward Yokosuka,
Japan.It arrives 19 May for repairs.

Pacific 05/23/78: While workers are draining a piping system
aboard the USS Puffer (SSN-652), radioactive water spills on the
drydock surfaceat the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton,
Washington.  A Navy spokesmen says that "less than 5 gallons" of
slightlyradioactive water spilled as the workers were draining
the liquid into two five-gallon plastic containers, a routine
operation.The spill, says the Navy, was due to the inattention
of the personnel doing the draining. The water being
drainedreportedly was part of the submarine's secondary cooling
system.The drydock drain was contaminated, but was closed before
anyspillage escaped into the sea. According to the Navy, no
workers were contaminated. Shipyard employees disputed the
Navy'saccount, saying that the spill was much bigger, about 100
gallons; that response to the spill was slow; and that several
workerssuffered skin contamination. These reports could not be
verified. Subsequently a contaminated 15-by 20-foot sectionof
drydock is jackhammered up, sealed in drums and shipped to
anuclear waste site in Hanford, Washington.

Pacific 05/26/78: About two cups of radioactive water leak from
a pipe fitting aboard the USS Aspro (SSN-648) while the
submarine is in the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Washington, when
a worker fails to shut a valve tightly. According to the Navy,
nopersonnel suffered skin exposure, but the worker detected a
small spot of radioactivity on his pants, which was removed and
disposed of as radioactive waste. No radioactivity escaped to
the outside environment.

Pacific 05/31/78: The USS Midway (CV-41) suffers a fire which
originates in the exhaust ventilation system, quickly spreads
through the 3A boileruptakes on the second deck, and terminates
in the main uptake space, while it is docked in Yokosuka, Japan.
The cause of the fire is later thought to be welding in a vent
systemcontaining a fine oil mist which ignited and spread.

Atlantic 06/16/78: The propeller shaft of the USS Tullibee
(SSN-597) snaps justoutside the hull causing limited engine room
flooding and lossof propulsion while it is submerged in the
Mediterranean. The flooding is stopped by tightening the
emergency packing on thepropeller shaft. The submarine quickly
surfaces and is assistedby other U.S. naval vessels.
Subsequently it is towed to Rota,Spain, for repairs.

Atlantic 07/19/78: A helicopter crashes after striking the Royal
Navy destroyer HMSDevonshire while executing a flyby of the ship
during an air display off the U.K.

Atlantic 07/25/78: The USS Opportune (ARS-41) is struck by a
dummy training round fired from a U.S. destroyer south of
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, while towing a target sled during gunnery

Atlantic 08/19/78: A Soviet Echo II class nuclear-powered cruise
missile submarineis sighted dead in the water near Rockall Bank
140 miles northwest of Scotland after experiencing problems with
her nuclear power plant. On 20 August a U.S. P-3 Orion
aircraftobserves the submarine under tow to the Soviet Union
south of the Faroe Islands. The exact cause of the problem and
the numberof possible personnel casualties is unknown.

Atlantic 08/21/78: While operating in the Mediterranean, the
crew of the USS Forrestal (CV-59) is called to general quarters
about noon due towidespread smoke reported on the third deck
amidships. Shortlyafterwards, burning boxes are discovered in
afourth deck storeroom. The fire is put out within ten minutes
of the initial alarm.

Atlantic 09/27/78: The USS Detector (MSO-429) suffers a fire in
the main engineroom ten miles south of New London, Connecticut,
and is towed to Newport, Rhode Island.

Pacific 09/28/78: The USS General H.H. Arnold (T-AGM-9) is
adrift for severalhours about 300 nautical miles northwest of
Adak, Alaska, in theBering Sea after failure of the main
reduction gear bearing.

Atlantic 09/29/78: The USS Fairfax County (LST-1193) suffers
extensive damage to its Number 3 engine room and second division
berthing compartment in a major fire while en route to Naples,
Italy. Two crewmembers are injured and the ship is placed in

Atlantic 10/19/78: The commander of the Royal Navy diesel
submarine HMS Oracleis reprimanded for allowing his ship to
touch bottom during trials in the narrow Loch Fyne, Strathclyde,
Scotland. The bump dented four torpedo tubes, but the hull
remainedintact and the submarine rose safely to the surface. The
submarine was running deeper than usual to avoid a yacht on the
surface, but failed to monitor how close it was to the bottom.

10/31/78: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Minerva suffers an

Atlantic 11/01/78: In November the Royal Navy fleet auxiliary
HMS Hebe suffersa fire started by a crewmen while at the
Gibraltar naval base.

Atlantic 11/02/78: The Greek trawler Ayos Nikolaos sinks after
colliding with aTurkish gunboat in the Mediterranean, killing

Pacific 11/20/78: The USS Coral Sea (CV-43) suffers a fire of
unknown origin while moored at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard,
Washington, which causes damage to the medical and dental

Atlantic 11/21/78: The USS Saratoga (CV-60) and the USS Waccamaw
(T-AO-109)collide during refueling operations 50 miles south of
Crete, with only minor damage and no injuries.

Atlantic 12/04/78: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Olympus
dives too slowlyand is struck by an unknown merchant ship in the
Portland, U.K., exercise area.

Pacific 12/06/78: The USS Ranger (CV-61) experiences an
explosion and flash fire during fleet exercises off Baja
California which result in minor burns to nine crewmen.

12/13/78: The Royal Navy helicopter carrier HMS Hermes is
damaged by fire in a mess deck. Damage is not severe.

Atlantic 01/17/79: A mechanic who helped to contain a steam
burst after an explosion in the engine room aboard the Royal
Navy nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine HMS Revenge
wins the Queen's Gallantry Medal. He crawled along a foot-wide
catwalkbelow a hot cloud of escaping high-pressure steam as he
searchedfor the leak in the turbo-generator room.

Atlantic 01/22/79: The USS Aylwin (FF-1081) suffers a disabling
casualty and istowed to Charleston, South Carolina, by the USS
Petrel (ASR-14).

Atlantic 02/01/79: In February a fire breaks out in the forward
boiler room of theUSS Manley (DD-940) during preparation to get
underway fromMayport, Florida. Twelve men are injured, one later
dies and the cost is put at $75 million.

Pacific 02/09/79: The USS Davidson (FF-1045) loses power after a
brief fire puts out a boiler in the Philippine Sea. The frigate
is towed toSubic Bay where it arrives five day later.

Atlantic 03/01/79: The French diesel submarine Marsouin is
caught in the nets of the French trawler St. Blaise off
Brittany.  Neither vessel is damaged.

Atlantic 03/04/79: The USS Francis Marion (LPA-249) is holed
above the waterline and receives structural damage when it is
struck by the Greekbulk carrier Starlight near the entrance to
Chesapeake Bay off Cape Henry, Virginia.

Atlantic 03/07/79: The USS Alexander Hamilton (SSBN-617) becomes
tangled in thenets of a Scottish fishing trawler in the sound of
Jura off thewest coast of Scotland. The Hamilton tows the
trawler backward for about 45 minutes until the nets are cut.No
injuries or serious damage result.

Atlantic 03/14/79: The USS Wainwright (CG-28) runs aground for
six hours in Charleston harbor, South Carolina, near the Mount
Pleasant Range.

Atlantic 03/28/79: The USS Independence (CV-62) experiences a
brief control room fire in the Roosevelt Roads area off Puerto
Rico. Thirty people suffer from minor smoke inhalation.

Pacific 03/29/79: The USS Ranger (CV-61) suffers a main engine
turbine casualty requiring extensive repair while training in
the Subic Bay operations area off the Philippines.

Pacific 04/04/79: The USS Ranger (CV-61) sustains substantial
damage in a collision with the Liberian tanker Fortune near the
eastern approaches to the Strait of Malacca. There are no
injuries and theRanger heads toward Subic Bay while thetanker,
holed in the port side from the main deck to the waterline, is
towed to Singapore.On 20 April the Ranger voyages to Yokosuka,
Japan, after completing interim repairs to her bow.

Atlantic 04/09/79: Five fires set by an arsonist aboard the USS
John F. Kennedy(CV-67) kill one shipyard worker and injure 34
other people while the carrier undergoes overhaul at Norfolk
Naval Shipyard, Virginia.

Atlantic 04/27/79: The USS Pargo (SSN-650) is briefly grounded
while entering New London, Connecticut, harbor in heavy fog.

Atlantic 05/09/79: The USS Savannah (AOR-4) collides with the
USS Forrestal(CV-59) after suffering a gyro casualty while
servicing the Forrestal inthe Caribbean. Both ships suffer minor
damage with no personnelcasualties.

Atlantic 05/11/79: Primary coolant water leaks from one of the
two nuclear reactorsaboard the USS Nimitz (CVN-68). A Navy
spokesman says there was no release of radioactivity, no danger
to the core, and nodanger to the ship's crew. The ship was
operating off theVirginia coast.

Pacific 05/14/79: The USS Cook (FF-1083) and the USS Mars
(AFS-1) collideoff Point Loma near San Diego, California,
injuring seven.

Atlantic 05/24/79: The USS Andrew Jackson (SSBN-619) incurs
slight damage to its rudder when it runs aground briefly while
entering the New London, Connecticut, harbor in reduced

Pacific 05/26/79: The USS Gray's (FF-1054) living barge receives
structural damage of over $1,000,000 in a fire caused by arson
while the shipis berthed at Todd Pacific Shipyard, Seattle,

Atlantic 06/04/79: The USS Woodrow Wilson (SSBN-624) runs
aground in heavy fogat Race Rock while en route to New London,
Connecticut. The submarine backs off and proceeds to port for
inspection and damageassessment.

Atlantic 06/04/79: The USS George Washington Carver (SSBN-656)
snags the nets of a Spanish fishing vessel and drags the boat
through the wateroff Rota, Spain.

Atlantic 06/05/79: Two fires break out aboard the USS John F.
Kennedy (CV-67) at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Virginia, but
cause no injuries orsignificant damage.

Atlantic 06/12/79: A Mk 48 conventional torpedo jams between
loading equipment anda bulkhead when a chain breaks on the
loading mechanism allowingthe torpedo to drop several feet
aboard the USS Memphis (SSN-691) docked at the Norfolk Naval
Station, Virginia.The torpedo is removed two days later. It did
not have a triggering device, but Navy sources say had it
exploded it easily could have sunk the submarine.

Pacific 06/20/79: The USS Hawkbill (SSN-666) reactor's primary
coolant systemdevelops a leak while the submarine is on
maneuvers in Hawaiianwaters which lasts for four days.
Originally the leak is abouttwo gallons an hour, but by the time
the submarine docks atPearl Harbor, Hawaii, on 23 June, the leak
has been reduced to three-quarts an hour. On 24 June it is
stopped. The Navy says none of the water escaped, as it was
captured and stored in tanksdesigned for such contingencies and
that none ofthe crew was in danger. Supplemental coolant water
was pumped in to prevent overheating. According to the Navy,
"The leakage was caused by normal wear of inside parts of
valves. Such leakshappen occasionally."

Pacific 06/21/79: The USS Enterprise (CVN-65), under overhaul at
the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, sustains a two-hour Class Alpha
fire in a catapult room, machine shop, and passageway.

Atlantic 06/26/79: The USS Forrestal (CV-59) suffers three minor
fires while inMayport, Florida. Arson is suspected.

Atlantic 06/29/79: A steward is sentenced for setting fires
aboard the Royal Navy frigate HMS Sirius while docked at
Devonport, U.K.

Atlantic 07/03/79: While at Norfolk Naval Shipyard, a fire
sweeps through two berthing spaces aboard the USS Iwo Jima
(LPH-2), injuring five. A sailor is arrested on arson charges on
6 July.

Atlantic 07/03/79: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Onyx is
freed from thefishing nets of a stationary trawler off Holy
Island in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland.

Atlantic 07/06/79: The USS Lexington (AVT-16) suffers a Class
Alpha fire off Pensacola, Florida, and is dead in the water for
over an hour whenall boilers are shut down as a result.

Pacific 07/12/79: The USS Sealift China Sea (T-AO-170) loses
power over 150 nautical miles off Subic Bay, Philippines, as a
result of an engine casualty. The USS Beaufort (ATS-2) is
directed to rendezvous and render assistance.

07/13/79: The USS Conyngham (DDG-17) suffers two minor fires on
consecutive days in the First Division Berthing Compartment and
the Anchor Windlass Room. An investigation leads to the arrest
of anarsonist on 14 July, the day of the second fire.

Atlantic 08/02/79: The USS Comte de Grasse (DD-974) incurs
extensive smoke damage in a three-hour engine room fire while
berthed at Norfolk, Virginia.

Pacific 08/09/79: A fire, caused by a broken acetylene line,
breaks out aboard theUSS Midway (CV-41) while berthed at
Yokosuka, Japan, killing one worker and injuring 17 sailors.

Pacific 09/02/79: The USS Truxtun (CGN-35) spills some 13
gallons of radioactive "high-purity water" into San Diego Bay,
California. A U.S. Navy spokesman says the spill contained a
small amount of radioactivity which was too small to have an
impact on theenvironment. Initial reports had said the ship
spilled as muchas 80 to 100 gallons of radioactive water.

Atlantic 09/19/79: The Dutch diesel submarine Tonijn experiences
a fire in theport engine room and loses power while en route for
Naples, Italy. The USS Harlan County (LST-1196) leaves
Cartagena, Spain, to provide towing assistance to Gibraltar.

Atlantic 11/06/79: Two part-time officers are reprimanded after
the Royal Navy coastal minesweeper HMS Alfriston runs aground.

Atlantic 12/16/79: Storm-force winds over southern England cause
a giant crane at the Royal Navy Devonport dockyard to collapse.
Thousands of pounds sterling damage to the Royal Navy frigates
HMS Minerva and HMS Ambuscade result.

Atlantic 01/03/80: The Malaysian oil tanker Santo Prestige loses
power and collides with the USS Milwaukee (AOR-2) moored at
portside in Norfolk, Virginia. The collision results in a 40- by
15-foot gashin the hull of the Milwaukee.

Pacific 01/04/80: The USS Pecos (AO-65) collides with the moored
USS Bradley (FF-1041) at Terminal Island, Los Angeles,
California, injuring one, and causing minor damage to the
Bradley and a two-foot hole in the Pecos.

Pacific 01/16/80: The USS Okinawa (LPH-3) is placed in tow when
it suffers anengineering casualty. The casualty is corrected on
18 January.

Atlantic 02/05/80: The USS Inchon (LPH-12) collides with the USS
Spiegel Grove (LSD-32) while refueling in the Atlantic while en
route to the Mediterranean Sea, with reportedly no injuries and
only minordamage.

Indian 03/03/80: The USS William H. Standley (CG-32) sustains a
ruptured tubecasualty to the Number 1B boiler during exercises
off the Strait ofHormuz and proceeds to the U.S. Navy Facility
at Diego Garcia.

Atlantic 04/18/80: A Soviet Mirka class frigate collides with
the Danish minesweeper Fyen in the Baltic Sea during Warsaw Pact
exercises. TheDanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs protests the
incident, but receives no formal reply.

Atlantic 05/05/80: Two West German Navy ships collide in the
Mediterranean off Toulon, France; no injuries.

Atlantic 05/13/80: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Onyx runs
aground in Portsmouth harbor, U.K. It takes a tug 20 minutes to
pull the shipfree.

Atlantic 06/04/80: A lieutenant on the Royal Navy frigate HMS
Nubian is reprimanded for negligence following a collision with
a Dutch ship.

Indian 06/26/80: The USS Constellation (CV-64) collides with a
Bangladesh merchant ship in the Arabian Sea. The U.S. Navy says
there was minor damage to both ships.

Atlantic 07/08/80: The small Danish Home Guard cutter MHV 94 is
rammed by the East German minesweeper Komet nine miles south of
Gedser, Denmark, in the Baltic Sea. The collision causes severe
damage tothe front of the cutter. Denmark protests to East
Germanyover incident.

Pacific 07/20/80: The USS Gurnard (SSN-662) spills 30 gallons of
water containing radioactive material into San Diego Bay,
California. A Navyspokesman says the leak occurred when a
crewman of the Gurnard accidentally opened a valve allowing the
water to escape.The spokesman said a water sample was taken and
there was no increase in the general background radioactive
level in the area where the spill happened.

Atlantic 07/26/80: The Royal Navy patrol boat HMS Sabre crashes
at Alderney, Channel Islands, in the English Channel.

Pacific 07/29/80: The USS Midway (CV-41) collides with the
Panamanian merchantship Cactus while transiting the passage
between Palawan Island of the Philippines and the coastof
Northern Borneo 450 nautical miles southwest of Subic Bay
enroute to Singapore. The Midway, the U.S. Navy says, sustained
no serious damage although twoU.S. sailors were killed, three
were injured, and three F-4 Phantom aircraft parked on the
flight deck were damaged.

Atlantic 08/12/80: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Sovereign breaks down during routine tests in
Plymouth Sound, U.K. According to the Royal Navy the breakdown
was caused by a "minor mechanical defect." The submarine was
towed backto Devonport, U.K.

Pacific 08/21/80: A Soviet Echo class nuclear-powered submarine
suffers a seriouscasualty and loses power about 85 miles off the
east coast of Okinawa. At least nine crewmembers are believed to
have died froma probable fire in the propulsion spaces. A Soviet
freighterarrives to evacuate the crew and a tugboat is readied
to tow thesubmarine to Vladivostok escorted by several warships.
The next day Japan advises ships to avoid the area, citing
possible radiation leaks and refuses to allow the submarine to
pass throughJapanese territorial waters unless Moscow guarantees
there are no nuclear weapons aboard and no danger of radiation
leaks.  TheSoviets initially refuse to guarantee the safety of
the reactorand enter Japanese waters despite Japan's
warnings.But on 24 August, Moscow acquiesces to Japan's demands
concerning safety, and informs Japan there was no radioactive
leakage ornuclear weapons on board. Subsequently, Japanese
examination ofair and water in the area reportedly finds
evidence ofradioactive contamination.

Atlantic 08/31/80: In late August some cracks in the USS
Vulcan's (AR-5) outerhull which allow oil seepage are
discovered.  These are repairedwhile the ship is in Norfolk,
Virginia, and afterward the shipsails for Norway.

Atlantic 09/09/80: The USS Valdez (FF-1096) suffers a material
failure to the ship's sole gyro compass following a departure
from Antwerp, Belgium. The ship operates on magnetic compass
only for the next six weeks, throughout exercise "Teamwork
80."This degrades the performance of weapons systems and
satellite navigation, and makes refueling at sea more

Atlantic 10/20/80: The USS Saratoga (CV-60) suffers five minor
fires from 20 to26 October while undergoing a major overhaul at
the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Pennsylvania. The Navy
investigates the possibility of arson.

Atlantic 12/01/80: In December, the Royal Navy nuclear-powered
attack submarine HMSDreadnought suffers serious machinery damage
-- reportedlycracks in the secondary cooling system -- which
necessitate a complete reactor shutdown.  This damage and
troubles withscheduling a refit lead to a decision to retire the
aging submarine.

Atlantic 12/01/80: In December the Royal Navy frigate HMS Amazon
strikes a coral reef off Belize in the Caribbean.

Pacific 12/03/80: During a test, about 150 gallons of low-level
radioactive waterleak from a faulty valve on the USS Hawkbill
(SSN-666) undergoing overhaul at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard,
Washington. Five workers receive low-level radioactive
contamination.A Navy spokesman says they received a dose of
radiation "less than that typically received by a chest X-ray."

Atlantic 12/03/80: The USS America (CV-66) and USS
Caloosahatchee (AO-98) collide during an underway replenishment
maneuver 250 miles eastof Charleston, South Carolina, when the
oiler loses rudder control. Despite an emergency breakaway, the
America suffersminor damage to a catwalk, a storage compartment,
and a flight deck safety net rail. But there are no injuries and
both ships continue operations.

Atlantic 01/10/81: The USS Biddle (CG-34) and USS Raleigh
(LPD-1) are slightly damaged when the Biddle strikes the moored
Raleigh while approaching a pier in Norfolk, Virginia.

Atlantic 01/23/81: The USS Birmingham (SSN-695) suffers a failed
sonar dome while operating in the Mediterranean and is ordered
into Gibraltarfor damage assessment. On 30 January the ship is
in Gibraltar for repairs.

Atlantic 01/27/81: The USS Guam (LPH-9) suffers a minor fire of
suspicious origin in an unoccupied compartment while in Norfolk,

Atlantic 01/28/81: The USS Sylvania (AFS-2) and USS Kalamazoo
(AOR-6) collide amidships during underway replenishment in the
Virginia Capesarea with no serious damage.

Indian 02/20/81: The USS Downes (FF-1070) is under tow by the
USS Narragansett (T-ATF-167) from Diego Garcia to Subic Bay,
Philippines, for repairs following casualties to both boilers.
On 22 Februarythe Downes is able to bring one boiler back
intooperation and continues to Subic Bay on its own power in
companywith the Narragansett.

Pacific 02/21/81: The USS Okinawa (LPH-3) experiences a brief
fire during training off San Clemente Island, California, but
the ship continuesits scheduled operations.

Atlantic 03/14/81: The naval reserve destroyer USS Cone (DD-866)
is temporarilygrounded while departing Charleston, South
Carolina. After being freed by a tug the Cone returns to
Charleston for hull damage assessment.

Atlantic 03/19/81: The USS Yellowstone (AD-41) and the USS
Robert A. Owens(DD-827) collide off Florida, causing extensive
damage but no casualties.

Pacific 03/26/81: The USS Guardfish (SSN-612) touches ground
while in the SanPedro Channel on the way to San Diego,
California. There were no personnel injuries and an on-board
inspection revealed no hullor equipment damage.

Pacific 04/03/81: A fire breaks out in the engine room of the
USS Taluga (T-AO-62) while the ship is operating 80 miles west
of San Diego, California. Two injured crew members are airlifted
to San Diego byhelicopter. The fire is extinguished andthe
Taluga proceeds to port.

Atlantic 04/04/81: Workers at Coastal Drydock in New York
(formerly Brooklyn Navy Yard) inadvertently cause a fire on the
USS Aylwin (FF-1081)while welding. The frigate's Combat
Information Center is damaged.

Pacific 04/09/81: The USS George Washington (SSBN-598) collides
with the 2,350-ton Japanese freighter Nissho Maru in the East
China Sea about 110 miles south-southwest of Sasebo, Japan. As
it is surfacing, it runs into the underside of the freighter,
damages itsit hull and causes it to sink in approximately 15
minutes, killing two Japanese crewmen (13 others are rescued).
The submarinesuffers minor damage to a small section of its
sail.  The accident sparks a political furor in Japan, straining
U.S.-Japaneserelations a month before a meeting between Prime
Minister ZenkoSuzuki and President Ronald Reagan. The United
States is criticized because: it took over 24 hours to notify
Japanese authorities; the submarine and a U.S. P-3 Orion
aircraft overhead didnot make a rescue attempt; and the
submarine was operating so close to Japan, less than 20 miles
outside the 12-mile limit. TheU.S. Navy initially says the
submarine surfaced but could not see any ship in distress due to
fog and rain. On 11 AprilPresident Reagan and other U.S.
officials express regret over the accident, make offers of
compensation and reassure the Japanese there is no cause for
worry about radioactive contamination, but refuse to say what
the submarine was doing so close toJapan or whether it was armed
with nuclear missiles. Over the next several months as the
controversy continues, the U.S.  Navy:accepts responsibility to
preclude lengthy litigation; is criticized for its preliminary
report which says the submarine andOrion claimed not to have
realized the freighter was sinking; and relieves and reprimands
the commanding officer and officer ofthe deck of the submarine.
On 31 August the Navy releases a final report which concludes
the accident resulted from a highlycoincidental set of
circumstances, compounded by errors on the part of some members
of the submarine crew.

Pacific 04/13/81: The USS William H. Bates (SSN-680) is reported
to run into gillnets near the Hood Canal in Washington state.

Atlantic 04/27/81: The USS Manitowoc (LST-1180) and the USS
Trenton (LPD-14) begin a five-day visit to Alexandria, Egypt.
The USS Jack(SSN-605) also is in port. The Trenton and Jack
sufferminor damage when the Jack, moored alongside,
surgesagainst the Trenton in a sea swell.

Arctic 05/01/81: In May the Royal Navy destroyer HMS Glasgow
collides with the Soviet cruiser Admiral Isakov in the Barents
Sea. The Glasgow's captain reports the Soviet ship was
maneuvering dangerously.

Atlantic 05/15/81: A hairline crack is discovered in the main
cooling system of theRoyal Navy nuclear-powered attack submarine
HMS Valiant asit returns to Devonport, U.K., after developing a
fault in its cooling system while operating off the Cornish
coast.The crack does not affect the operation of the reactor and
the vessel returns to Devonport under its own power. The Royal
Navydenies claims that contaminated water was discharged into
Plymouth Sound, saying "A very small quantity of water leaked
outand this was drained off into a lead tank in a barge for
treatment." The reactor is cooled down before the leak is

Atlantic 05/26/81: A Marine EA-6B Prowler aircraft crashes while
landing on the USSNimitz (CVN-68) operating 70 miles off
Jacksonville, Florida, killing 14 and injuring 48. The aircraft
reportedly appliedpower as it was landingand then suddenly
drifted to the right, running into parked aircraft, causing
ammunition to explode, and starting numerous firesthat took at
least one hour to put out. Three F-14 Tomcats aredestroyed and
16 other aircraft are damaged, and, overall,approximately $100
million in damage results. The Nimitz returns to Norfolk,
Virginia, for several days of repairs. The crash sparks a
five-month debate between Representative Joseph P.Addabo (D-NY)
Chairman of the HouseDefense Appropriations Subcommittee and the
Navy over whether drug use on board the carrier may have
contributed to the crash.

Atlantic 06/01/81: The USS Nitro (AE-23) is badly damaged by a
fire in the mainmachinery room while en route to Athens, Greece,
60 miles northeast of Souda Bay, Crete. It is taken under tow
the next day bythe USS Neosho (T-AO-143) for Souda Bay.

Atlantic 06/04/81: A Soviet Kondor class minesweeper suffered
heavy damage when shewas in a collision in international waters
with a Danish navaloiler in the southern area of the Baltic Sea.

Atlantic 06/10/81: The USS Detroit (AOE-4) runs aground on a
sandbar near Old Point Comfort, Hampton Roads, Virginia, as the
ship is preparingto enter port at Norfolk. There are no injuries
or apparent damage. The ship is refloated the next day
afteroff-loading its fuel.

Atlantic 06/29/81: The USS Dahlgren (DDG-43) suffers a two-hour
fire in the radiomen's storeroom while in the Caribbean. The
damage is light and the ship proceeds to Guadeloupe.

Atlantic 07/14/81: The USS Coontz (DDG-40) accidentally fires a
Harpoon anti-ship missile with a high-explosive warhead during a
maintenance test about 70 miles from St. Croix, U.S. Virgin
Islands. The missile impacts and is lost at sea.

Atlantic 07/19/81: A U.S. Marine Corps Reserve CH-53 Sea
Stallion helicopter crashes and burns while landing aboard the
USS Guam (LPH-9) duringtraining operations in the Atlantic 35
miles southeast of Moorehead City, North Carolina, killing four
and injuring 11other Marine and Navy personnel.

Pacific 08/06/81: Wardroom 1 of the USS Ranger (CV-61) catches
fire, causing extensive damage while the ship is moored at Naval
Air Station North Island, San Diego, California. Reportedly
"reconstruction was monumental" and "communication's problems
extended intowork-ups."

Atlantic 08/15/81: A fire on board the USS Independence (CV-62)
while in overhaul at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Virginia,
damages the air operations and carrier control approach spaces.
There are no injuries.

Atlantic 08/27/81: The USS Dallas (SSN-700) damages the lower
portion of its rudder when it runs aground while approaching the
Atlantic Underwater Test and Evaluation Center site at Andros
Island, Bahamas. The submarine works itself free after
severalhours and returns to New London, Connecticut, on the
surface forrepairs.

Atlantic 09/01/81: According to raw CIA intelligence reports, in
September a Sovietnuclear submarine operating in the Baltic
"underwent a series of strong and sudden physical shocks. An
emergency was declaredand ... crew members were sealed into the
compartment in whichthey were standing duty. The submarine was
no longer navigablefollowing the shocks and was taken under tow.
It was towed fora total of 36 hours but was actually only moved
during darkness." The submarine was towed to Kaliningrad and
"the sailorsthat had been sealed in the compartment were then
flown to Rigaand hospitalized." The CIA source reports all the
sailors exhibited signs of terminal radiation sickness.

Indian 09/06/81: A landing A-7 II Corsair aircraft collides with
a taxiing F-14 Tomcat fighter on the USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63)
killing one crewman and injuring two others while the carrier is
operating in the Indian Ocean. The A-7 is recovered and the F-14
crewejects safely, but the F-14 rolls overboard.

Atlantic 09/17/81: A U.S. Marine Corps CH-53C Sea Stallion
helicopter crashes whileattempting to land on the USS
Guadalcanal (LPH-7) during Sixth Fleet training exercises in the
Mediterranean near Sardinia,Italy, killing all five crewmen.

Indian 09/20/81: The USS Conyngham (DDG-17) runs aground
momentarily while making a slow approach to the Mauritian coast
causing minor damageto the sonar.

Pacific 09/20/81: The Philippine Navy frigate Datu Kalantiaw is
forced agroundby 127 miles per hour winds from Typhoon Clara
while on anchornear Calayan Island, 340 miles north of Manila,
with only 18 of97 crew surviving.

Atlantic 09/24/81: The USS Guadalcanal (LPH-7) and the USS
Waccamaw (T-AO-109) collide during underway replenishment south
of Sardinia, Italy, causing minor damage but no injuries.

Indian 09/25/81: An Israeli missile boat runs aground on a Saudi
Arabian reef inthe Gulf of Eilat after its electrical system
goes bad, knockingout its navigational equipment. The Saudis
permit the Israelisto rescue the boat; 12 days later it is

Atlantic 09/30/81: The USS Pegasus (PHM-1) collides with the USS
Newport (LST-1179) while making an approach to connect for
towing north ofCuba, causing minor damage.

Atlantic 10/07/81: The USS Inchon (LPH-12) suffers a boiler
explosion while preparing to get underway from Norfolk,

Atlantic 10/13/81: The USS Waccamaw (T-AO-109) collides with the
USS Raleigh (LPD-1) while the USS Detroit (AOE-4) is alongside.
The ships are underway in the Mediterranean.

Atlantic 10/17/81: The USS Waccamaw (T-AO-109) is struck by an
Italian tug in Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, when the tug loses
control while making an approach to aid in maneuvering. The
oiler is holed but nopollution results.

Indian 10/21/81: The USS Cook (FF-1083) observes a Soviet
Foxtrot class diesel-powered attack submarine under tow while
conducting intelligence operations off Socotra Island in the
Indian Ocean.

Atlantic 10/27/81: A Soviet Whiskey class diesel-powered attack
submarine runs aground 10 kilometers from the Swedish naval base
of Karlskrona, 300miles south of Stockholm. The Swedish
government alleges the submarine was engaged in illegal
reconnaissance or mine-layingwork and there was good reason to
believe the vessel is carryingnuclear weapons. The Swedes demand
an apology and an explanation. When the submarine captain is
questioned he contends bad weather and a faultycompass led to
the inadvertent intrusion into Swedish waters. But the Swedish
authorities maintain that good navigation was necessary for the
vessel to come this far into their waters. On 29October a Soviet
tug is turned back bySwedish warships and another unidentified
submarine is spotted within Swedish waters and is pursued by
Swedish antisubmarine warfare helicopters until it disappears.
On 2 November the submarine is refloated by Swedish tugs to
preventheavy seas from battering the ship. On 5 November the
Swedish government announces that the submarine probably has
nuclear weapons aboard. Foreign Minister Ullsten says "it must
be very embarrassing" to have this information releasedwhen the
Soviets "have created the impression that they are morein favor
than the United States" of arms control. On 6 November the
submarine is returned to the Soviets. The same day the Swedish
government expresses the view thatprevious Soviet proposals in
regard to the Baltic as a "sea of peace" were no longer
credible.  Officials said the incident would affect Swedish
attitudes toward Nordic nuclear-free-zone proposals from the
Soviet Union. It is laterreported on 6 May 1982 that the Soviet
government had agreed topay Swedish costs of $212,000 arising
from the incident.

Atlantic 11/02/81: At the Holy Loch naval base in Scotland a
Poseidon submarine-launched ballistic missile is dropped 13 to
15 feet as it is movedaboard the submarine tender USS Holland
(AS-32) after an error by the crane operator. The fall is
arrestedby a safety device, but critics suggest there was a
serious chance that a conventional explosion could have taken
place, dispersing radioactive material. This explosion could
have occurred because the Poseidon warhead usesan unstable
conventional high explosive called LX-09. Moreover,the Navy is
upbraided for not immediately reporting the incident or
notifying surrounding communities of possible danger. TheU.S.
Navy refuses to confirm or deny whetherthere were nuclear
weapons on the missile and states "there wasno damage done, no
injuries occurred; there was no danger to personnel."

Atlantic 12/03/81: An arresting wire breaks during the landing
of an A-7 Corsair aircraft on the USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67)
while operating inthe Caribbean Sea, killing two men and
injuring three. Four aircraft including the A-7 are damaged.

Atlantic 01/04/82: A U.S. Navy ship collides with an Italian
tanker in the Straitsof Messina.

Indian 01/10/82: The USS Mispillion (T-AO-105) and the civilian
tanker Texas Trader, under Navy contract, collide during a
routine fuel transfer in the Indian Ocean. There are no
personnel injuries and no serious damage to either ship.

Pacific 01/16/82: Five U.S. Navy personnel die in a diving
accident aboard the USSGrayback (SS-574) off the coast of Subic
Bay, Philippines.

Atlantic 02/01/82: In early February, the USS Seattle (AOE-3) is
hit by a tugboat while getting underway from Craney Island,
Norfolk, Virginia,causing extensive damage to equipment on the
ship's aft end.

Atlantic 02/02/82: The USS Ponce (LPD-15) collides with the USS
Fort Snelling (LSD-30) during a towing exercise which causes
minor damage to the Ponce's port side, mainly to the
accommodation ladderand flight deck catwalk.The two ships were
en route to Portsmouth, U.K.

Atlantic 02/18/82: The South African Navy flagship the frigate
President Kreuger collides with the naval supply ship Tafelberg
during nightmaneuvers in rough seas and gale force winds south
of the Capeof Good Hope and sinks. Thirteen of her crew
arereported missing and 177 sailors are saved.

Atlantic 03/01/82: In March both of the USS Inchon's (LPH-12)
emergency dieselgenerators become inoperable during training in
the Caribbean. The ship is unable to finish training. A portable
emergency diesel generator is attached to the flight deckand the
ship is escorted back to Norfolk, Virginia, by the USS Pensacola

Atlantic 03/13/82: Fourteen aircraft from the carrier USS
Forrestal (CV-59) arediverted to Homestead Air Force Base,
Florida, after a boiler failure causes a "partial electrical
failure" on the carrier. The ship was on exercises off
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

Indian 03/18/82: The USS Newport (LST-1179) suffers a Bravo
Class fire in a main engineering space while anchored at
Berbera, Somalia.

Atlantic 03/22/82: The USS Jacksonville (SSN-699) collides with
the Turkish cargo ship the General Z. Dogan while running on the
surface 25miles east of Cape Charles, Virginia. Damage to the
Jacksonville is reported as minor and characterized as "bumpsand
scrapes," while bow damage is reported on the General Z.Dogan.

Atlantic 04/10/82: The West German built submarine Pisaqua,
built for Venezuela, collides in the Danish Straits with a
merchant ship as it is completing its sea trials. The ship is
towed to Kiel, Germany.

Atlantic 04/19/82: The Irish fishing boat Sharelga capsizes and
sinks in the Irish Sea after being dragged by the Royal Navy
diesel submarine HMS Porpoise which had become entangled in the
trawler's nets. The British government initially denies
asubmarine was in the area, and then admits responsibility two
weeks later.

Pacific 04/20/82: The USS Brewton (FF-1086) suffers a casualty
to its servicediesel generator, curtailing the ship's
participation in "Rimpac82" exercises.

Atlantic 04/20/82: Seven people are injured in an explosion
aboard the USS Garcia (FF-1040) which is being overhauled at
General Shipyard in Boston, Massachusetts.

Pacific 05/08/82: The USS Chauvenet (T-AGS-29) runs hard aground
on Dauisan Reef in the Cagayan Islands in the Sulu Sea while
underway from Subic Bay, Philippines, to survey grounds in
Indonesian waters. After two-and-one-half weeks of salvage
efforts, the ship isrefloated by U.S. Navy salvage teams and
towed to the Ship Repair Facility in Subic Bay.

Atlantic 05/15/82: Swedish coastal authorities report a Soviet
destroyer or large frigate is on fire in the Baltic Sea, 22
miles off Latvia.

Pacific 05/22/82: The USS Fletcher (DD-992) strikes the USS
Towers (DDG-9)and the USS Francis Hammond (FF-1067) causing
minor damagewhile attempting to moor alongside the two ships in
Subic Bay, Philippines.

Atlantic 06/11/82: The USS Seattle (AOE-3) and the USS Aylwin
(FF-1081) collide when the Seattle loses steering control while
refuelingthe frigate during transit across the Atlantic to the

Pacific 06/12/82: The USS Bonefish (SS-582) suffers main engine
casualties when all three main engine spaces are flooded while
operating on the surface in the Pacific. No material damage on
personnel injuries occur.

Pacific 06/12/82: The USS Cleveland (LPD-7) and the USS
Ashtabula (AO-51)collide in the Gulf of Thailand during underway
replenishment. Damage is minor and there are no injuries.

Atlantic 06/17/82: Ten persons are injured when a 1,200-lb.
steam valve ruptures aboard the USS Saratoga (CV-60), which is
undergoing a ServiceLife Extension Program overhaul in
Philadelphia Naval Shipyard,Pennsylvania.

Pacific 06/20/82: A target hulk being towed by the USS Reclaimer
(ARS-42) scrapes a Chinese tanker while the vessels are leaving
Singapore. There are no injuries and damage is minor.

Atlantic 07/12/82: The USS Seattle (AOE-3) suffers a "freak
explosion" in the after portion of the ship while moored
alongside a fuel pier at Porto Torres, Sardinia, Italy. A
chemical reaction between fuelvapors and a chemical stored in
one of the blast-tornspaces causes the explosion which damages
the after steering compartment and Enlisted Dining Facility. The
Seattle is ableto get underway for Naples less than 12 hours
after the generalquarters alarm was first sounded.

Atlantic 07/15/82: In mid-July the 30-foot yacht Fyfield Five is
struck by an underwater object off the Tuskar Rock off Ireland
and sinks. Theowner Ken Roberts insists he was sunk by a
submarine -- reportedly a periscope crashed up through the keel
of his boat.The press is initially skeptical, but then a
dockyard worker tells the Morning Star newspaper that the Royal
Navy diesel submarine HMS Opossum was having emergency repairs
done to herconning tower in Portsmouth. TheMinistry of Defense
admits the Opossum was damaged in a collision at sea 400 miles
west of Plymouth, U.K., on the day Robert's boat sank, but says
this is well to the west of where Robert's vessel went down. The
Ministry of Defense isunwilling or unable to provide details,
but does not deny reports the Opossum was hit by a Soviet spy

Atlantic 08/19/82: A Royal Navy board is set up to investigate
damage done to the Royal Navy nuclear-powered ballistic missile
submarine HMS Revenge's gearbox caused by the presence of a
small, extraneous piece of metal as the submarine is nearing the
end of atwo-and-a-half-year major refit at Rosyth, Scotland. The
damagedelays the submarine's scheduled completion date.

Pacific 09/21/82: The U.S. shrimp boat Howard M. operating in
the Pacific offWashington state snags what may have been a
Soviet submarine, according to the U.S. Department of Defense.
The skipper of the boat Danny Parker reports he was dragged
about a mile and ahalf until a cable snapped.

Pacific 09/28/82: The USS Sam Houston (SSN-609) spills less than
50 gallons oflow-level radioactive water during a test while it
is in the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington,
undergoing routine maintenance, according to the Navy. The spill
was stopped,the water was contained within the ship, and no
radioactivity was released to the environment. The submarine's
reactor was notoperating. Two individuals were in the area
during the spill and one of these individuals received low-level

Pacific 11/29/82: The USS Thomas A. Edison (SSN-610) collides
with the USS Leftwich (DD-984) in the South China Sea 40 miles
east of SubicBay, Philippines. The Edison was at periscope depth
preparing to surface; it damaged its sail and sail planes,but
there was no flooding. Both ships remain operational afterthe

Atlantic 12/01/82: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Spartanis caught in the nets of the English
trawler Algrie off Land's End, Cornwall, U.K., in the Celtic
Sea. As the trawler is dragged forward the fishermen radio to
shore, and severalminutes later the submarine surfaces with the
nets and tackle laying across the vessel. The nets, costing
7-8,000 pounds sterling, are cut free, and the submarine
continues on its patrol.

Pacific 12/31/82: In late 1982 the USS Permit (SSN-594),
cruising on the surface, collides with the USS La Jolla
(SSN-701), at periscope depth, while they are on sea trials
about 30 miles off San Francisco.The Permit recieves a
ten-foot-long, three-foot-wide "scrape" in the paint on the
keel, while the La Jolla suffers minorrudder damage.

Atlantic 01/03/83: The USS Arkansas (CGN-41) collides with the
Italian merchantman Megara Ilea in the Strait of Messina, and is
"slightly damaged on the port side."

Pacific 01/19/83: The USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) has a minor
collision with the Canadian Maritime Forces Ship Yukon off the
coast of Washington state. There are no personnel injuries or
serious damage.

Atlantic 01/22/83: The East German passenger ship
Volkerfreundschaft collides with a West German submarine north
of Rostock, East Germany,in the Baltic Sea with no injuries

Atlantic 02/10/83: In the Atlantic the USS Antrim (FFG-20)
suffers a fire in the wardroom and Computer/Radar Electronics
spaces after it is struck by a drone during live firing of the
Phalanx self-defense close-in-weapon-system Gatling gun. A
civilian instructor diesfrom burns caused by the ignition of
residual fuel in the targetdrone.

Atlantic 02/25/83: The Royal Navy minehunter HMS Brocklesby and
the coastal minesweeper HMS Nurton collide about two miles off
Portland harbor, U.K., during routine exercises.

Atlantic 03/10/83: An unknown Royal Navy submarine is involved
with an incident with the fishing vessel Targuen.

Atlantic 03/11/83: A Danish trawler catches a Danish submarine
in its nets off Bornholm Island in the Baltic Sea.

Atlantic 03/15/83: About 15 miles south of the Danish island of
Bornholm in the Baltic Sea, the West German fishing trawler
Gertraud catches aSoviet or Polish Whiskey class diesel-powered
attack submarine in its nets. The trawler is surrounded byWarsaw
Pact warships on maneuvers in the area as the submarine surfaces
so its the crew can cut the submarine free. The submarine
resubmerges, leaving the trawler with a damaged net.

Atlantic 03/16/83: The USS Antrim (FFG-20) collides with the USS
Flatley (FFG-21) 160 miles north of Puerto Rico during training
exercises.Both received only superficial damage.

Indian 04/01/83: In April during an Indian Ocean deployment the
USS Dale (CG-19) collides with the Royal Navy frigate HMS
Ambascade. TheAmbascade is laid up in Bombay during May while
work on "new bow material" is carried out.

Pacific 04/28/83: The USS Enterprise (CVN-65) runs aground
within sight of theport of San Francisco, California, after
eight months at sea; it is stranded for five hours until the
tide and tugs pull it free.

Pacific 06/01/83: In June a Soviet Charlie class nuclear-powered
cruise missile submarine sinks somewhere east of the Soviet
naval base of Petropavlosk, near the southern tip of the
Kamchatka peninsula in the Pacific. U.S. intelligence reports
most orall of the 90-person crew are lost. The cause of the
accident is not known, but the lack of radioactive contamination
is said to indicate that the accident was probably due to
mechanical failure, not a nuclear power plantaccident. The
submarine is salvaged by the Soviet Navy in earlyAugust 1983.

Pacific 07/01/83: In July a gunnery computer malfunction causes
the USS George Philip (FFG-12) to fire a 3-inch shell toward a
Mexican merchant vessel during a drill about 40 miles off San
Francisco, California.  According to the Navy the round
landednine miles behind the merchant ship, but some George
Philipcrewmen say it actually landed just one mile behind the

Pacific 07/18/83: The USS Ranger (CV-61) collides with the USS
Wichita (AOR-1) during refueling 100 miles off San Diego,
California. TheRanger's flight deck elevator is damaged, but no
injuries are reported. The Wichita damages its
refuelingcapability. The port fueling riggings are put out of
commission, including the loss of all fuel hoses. Also part of
the Wichita's aft superstructure is crushed on the starboard

Pacific 07/19/83: The USS Texas (CGN-39) is holed above the
waterline after hitting a quay while leaving the port of
Brisbane, Australia.

Atlantic 07/26/83: A West German reconnaissance ship collides
with an East German naval vessel.

Pacific 08/01/83: In August the USS Davidson (FF-1045) suffers a
Class Alpha fire while in the Pacific.

Atlantic 09/18/83: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Conqueror suffers a fire while in drydock in
Devonport, U.K., for a refit. No injuries are reported.

Atlantic 09/30/83: The Royal Navy assault ship HMS Fearless is
slightly damagedin collision with a West German tanker.

Atlantic 10/26/83: The Brixham, U.K., trawler Esther Colleen is
badly holed when it rams the Royal Navy frigate HMS Ambuscade in
heavy fogoff Torbay, Devon, U.K. The frigate suffered minor

10/26/83: A seaman is dismissed and jailed for starting a fire
aboard theRoyal Navy frigate HMS Penelope.

Atlantic 10/31/83: The USS McCloy (FF-1038) is towing a sonar
array west of Bermuda when suddenly the cable goes slack. The
next day a SovietVictor III class nuclear-powered attack
submarine is sighted motionless on the surface 282 miles west
ofBermuda and 470 miles east of Charleston, South Carolina, by a
U.S. P-3 Orion patrol aircraft. U.S. Navy officials believe
thatwhile the submarine was following the McCloy, the sonar
array caught in the submarine's propeller. There is noindication
of leaking radiation, according to a Navy spokesman.On 5
November the submarine is taken under tow by a Soviet salvage
ship in the direction of the Cuban port of Cienfuegos. Further
observation while the submarine is undertow leads the Navy to
believe the damage is relatively minor andrelates to the
submarine's propeller.

Indian 11/01/83: A fire breaks out aboard the USS Ranger (CV-61)
while deployed in the North Arabian Sea, killing six and
injuring 35. The fire is in one of the four main machinery
spaces and reportedly is extinguished within an houralthough
there is one reflash which is extinguished. The vesselcontinues
operations in the North Arabian Sea.

Indian 11/17/83: The Soviet Krivak I class frigate Razyaschy
collides with the USS Fife (DD-991) in the North Arabian Sea,
causing minordamage to the Fife but no casualties. Reportedly
the Razyaschy attempted to approach the USS Ranger (CV-61).When
the Fife attempted to head off the Soviet ship, the two ships
grazed hulls, leaving two 15-foot scrapes in the Fife's paint.
Reports say the Soviet ship earlier narrowly had missed a
collision with another U.S. vessel.

Pacific 11/22/83: The USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) and the USS Wabash
(AOR-5) have a minor collision during refueling in Oakland,

Atlantic 11/27/83: The lead ship of the Soviet Slava class
cruisers returns to theBlack Sea after sustaining possible
engine damage while on its maiden voyage to the Soviet Northern
Fleet.  The ship had left the Black Sea on 16 September.

Atlantic 12/10/83: The crew of the Royal Navy patrol boat HMS
Vigilant is rescued after the vessel gets into difficulties off
Northern Ireland.

Atlantic 12/19/83: The Trident submarine USS Florida (SSBN-728)
is slightly damaged when it hits an unidentified object while
submerged duringsea trials in Long Island Sound. No one is
injured and a Navy spokesman says he has no cost estimate on the

Pacific 12/31/83: In 1983 hull collision damage was repaired and
the sonar dome rubber window was changed on the USS Leftwich

Pacific 12/31/83: In 1983 extensive temporary sail repairs are
accomplished on theUSS Thomas A. Edison (SSN-610).

Atlantic 01/09/84: The USS Detroit (AOE-4) suffers a Class Bravo
fire in the 1A1 Forced Draft Blower while moored at Souda Bay,
Crete. Severalcrew members are treated for smoke inhalation.

Atlantic 02/14/84: During attempts to move an assault craft to
Radio Island, near Moorehead City, North Carolina, the USS Ponce
(LPD-15) suffers a major casualty when her sterngate is damaged
and eventuallylost. The Ponce goes to Philadelphia NavalShipyard
for repairs.

Atlantic 02/15/84: The U.S. Navy's Nuclear Weapons Training
Group Atlantic submitsan "OPREP-3 Navy Blue Bent Spear [nuclear
weapons incident] as aresult of a material failure in a W80
trainer [warhead for the](Tomahawk) [sea-launched cruise

Atlantic 03/01/84: A Soviet Kresta II class cruiser suffers a
two-hour fire while it is monitoring a NATO exercise in the

Atlantic 03/08/84: An unidentified submarine drags the
Clogerhead, Ireland, trawlerOriel astern for two miles east of
County Louth, Ireland. The skipper cuts the nets to free his
boat. An official Irish Ministry of Transportinquiry takes place
but its findings are never made public.

Pacific 03/21/84: The USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) is struck during
night operationsby a surfacing Soviet Victor I nuclear-powered
attack submarinein the southern Sea of Japan, approximately 100
miles from mainland Japan, while en route to the Yellow Sea. The
KittyHawk sustains a minor hole below the waterline in an
aircraftfuel tank on the starboard side and continues normal
operations.The Soviet vessel is observed dead in the water for a
while with a dent across its aft deck. It is assistedby the
Soviet Kara class cruiser Petropavlovsk and later istowed by a
Soviet salvage vessel to the Vladivostok naval base.U.S. Navy
officers say there was no evidence of nuclear leakagefrom the
submarine. The Kitty Hawk had beentaking part in joint
U.S.-Korea "Team Spirit 84" exercises. Thesubmarine had been
following the Kitty Hawk carrier group with other surface ships
for several days. Navy officials claimthe carrier's escort ships
deliberately brokecontact with the submarine after simulating
its destruction 15 times to begin a new phase in the exercise
where the Kitty Hawk would use deception techniques to lose the
trailing Soviet surface ships. The Soviet submarine
apparentlylost track of the Kitty Hawk and was surfacing to find
it when the collision occurred.

Atlantic 03/29/84: The Danish fishing boat Ane Kathrine is
dragged under by theWest German diesel submarine Simpson, which
was on sea trials in the North Sea prior to delivery to Chile,
killing three.

Pacific 04/01/84: In April the USS Barbour County (LST-1195)
runs aground on the Coronado strand in San Diego, California,
but the ship is successfully extracted in less than 24 hours.

Atlantic 04/02/84: The Glasgow Herald reports the U.S. Navy at
Holy Loch, Scotland admits that the paint on the USS Sam Rayburn
(SSBN-635) was mildly radioactive when it returned from patrol
in February 1984. The Navy says this is very low-level
radioactivity,so low that it could not be detected by a geiger
counter. Reports about the radiation had been circulating for a
month, leadingto claims that the Sam Rayburn had been in a
collision sometime in the fall of 1983 which had caused the ship
to leakor become contaminated with radiation. The Navy's
statements serve to add to the controversy.

Pacific 04/02/84: At midday in the South China Sea the Soviet
carrier Minsk fires eight signal flares at the USS Harold E.
Holt (FF-1074)when the latter passes the Minsk's starboard side
at a distance of 300 meters after disregarding a request from
theMinsk to stand clear. Three flares strike the Holt butno one
is injured. A U.S. Navy official acknowledges equal U.S.blame
for the incident.

Atlantic 04/12/84: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Plymouth collides
with the West German frigate Braunschweig in heavy fog while
taking part inNATO exercises in the Baltic Sea.

Atlantic 04/23/84: While getting underway from Norfolk,
Virginia, the USS Kittiwake (ASR-13) backs down on the USS
Bergall (SSN-667), causing damage to the Bergall's sonar dome
and the Kittiwake's propeller.

Pacific 05/17/84: A fire breaks out aboard the USS Guitarro
(SSN-665) during atraining exercise 65 miles northwest of San
Diego, California,near San Clemente Island. Officials said that
the fire originated in the submarine's battery well due to
highheat from electrical discharge on one of the cells. A sailor
making rounds discovered heat, steam, and a glow emitting from
thebattery well when he opened a well hatch. The submarine
headedfor port and the crew had the fire undercontrol but still
burning when the submarine arrived.

Atlantic 05/19/84: The Royal Navy Antarctic support ship HMS
Endurance returnsfrom Antarctica with a hole in its hull.

Atlantic 06/06/84: The USS Sumter (LST-1181) undergoes repairs
to the starboardpropeller shaft until 18 June at the Little
Creek Amphibious Base, Virginia. Sections of the pitch control
rod and hydraulic control components within the starboard
shaftand propeller assembly are repaired.

Atlantic 06/11/84: During work-ups off the coast of North
Carolina the USS Inchon (LPH-12) develops a leak in the fuel oil
transfer system andreturns to Norfolk, Virginia, for repairs.

Atlantic 06/14/84: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Jupiter hits the
London Bridge while attempting a U-turn in the Thames River.

Indian 06/15/84: While operating in the Indian Ocean, a F-14
Tomcat aircraft fromFighter Squadron 33 crashes on the flight
deck of the USS America (CV-66) in a Class Alpha accident
causing more than $500,000 in damage but no injuries.

Atlantic 06/20/84: A Soviet Whiskey class diesel-powered attack
submarine is trapped for three and a half hours in fishing wire
of a Norwegian trawler in international waters in the North Sea.
The submarine isfreed only after surfacing and being aided by
the NorwegianCoast Guard.

Atlantic 08/11/84: The USS Nathanael Greene (SSBN-636)
reportedly loses her propeller in the Irish Sea. The submarine
proceeds back to Holy Loch, Scotland, using its secondary
propulsion system. Facilitiesat the U.S. base are unavailable,
so thesubmarine is towed to the nearby British submarine base at
Faslane, Scotland.

Atlantic 08/11/84: The Royal Navy large fleet tanker HMS Olwen
is hit by a storm 700 miles northeast of the Falkland Islands,
killing two.

Atlantic 08/14/84: An unidentified submarine drags the British
trawler Joanne C. around the English Channel for three hours at
night after becoming entangled in the trawler's nets eight miles
off the U.K.'ssouthwest coast. When the boat radioed for help
the CoastGuard told it to cut its nets as the Royal Navy did
have a submarine in the area. The Ministry of Defense later says
the only Royal Navy submarine in the area was 30 miles away and
that no U.S. submarines were nearby, leading to speculation
thesubmarine belongs to the Soviet Union or another Warsaw Pact
nation. Yet on 15 September the skipper of the Joanne C.
receives compensation of more than 2,000 pounds sterling from
the Ministry of Defense, something the Ministry earlier said it
woulddo if a Royal Navy ship was found to be at fault.

Atlantic 08/18/84: A fire reportedly breaks out on board a
drydock at the Faslane Royal Navy nuclear submarine base in
Scotland while the USS Nathanael Greene (SSBN-636) is in the
dock for repairs. A U.K. Ministry of Defense official says the
firewas caused by an electrical fault in a capstan motor which
ignited a small quantity of canvas atop the motor. He denies the
fire threatened the submarine, since it broke out in a sealed
compartment some distance from the boat. Aspokesman for the U.S.
Navy confirms the submarine was not damaged, though he refuses
to say whether the ship had nuclear weapons on board.

Atlantic 09/10/84: Fire in the exhaust vent of the USS
Ticonderoga (CG-47) injures 13 crew members and forces the
vessel to return to its homebase of Norfolk, Virginia, for
repairs. The cause of the fire is unknown.

Pacific 09/18/84: The Japanese shrimping boat Sumiyoshi Maru
catches a submarine in its net in the Sea of Japan. The vessel
is pulled backward until the 3-centimeter steel wire holding the
net is cut. On20 September a Soviet Golf II class
diesel-poweredballistic missile submarine is sighted on the
surface with whitesmoke coming out of its conning tower in the
Sea of Japan, 380miles west of Tokyo. Reports speculate the
smoke comes from a fire started by an electricaloverload caused
by the snagging of the fishing boat's net. Overthe next two days
the submarine is attended by several Soviet ships, before
proceeding toward Vladivostok under its own power on the 23

Atlantic 09/18/84: A Soviet Victor I class nuclear-powered
attack submarine is badly damaged in a collision with a Soviet
tanker in the Strait of Gibraltar. The submarine reportedly was
travelling in the "noiseshadow" of the tanker while exiting
theMediterranean Sea. Jane's Defense Weekly notes that the
alternating layers of cold and warm water in the narrows of the
Strait make it likely for a submarine "to encounter sudden
thermal gradients which make her porpoise upwards,"and this is
thought to be the cause of the accident. The collision rips off
the twin-hulled submarine's bow section, exposing the sonar and
torpedo tube compartments. The submarine proceedsto the Soviet
anchorage at Hammament,Tunisia, for emergency repairs, before
returning to its homeporton the Kola peninsula in early October.

Atlantic 09/21/84: The USS Jacksonville (SSN-699) collides with
a Navy barge off Norfolk, Virginia, while travelling on the
surface. The Jacksonville strikes the barge amidships and is
reported to havecaused minor damage to her bow.

Pacific 09/26/84: The USS Shasta (AE-33) collides with the USS
Cleveland (LPD-7) during a practice replenishment at sea 30
miles west of Long Beach, California. Both ships sustain minor
damage.  The Shasta is able to continue normal operations.

Atlantic 10/19/84: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Glamorgan collides
with the German frigate Bremen in a gale.

Pacific 10/26/84: The USS John A. Moore (FFG-19) collides with
the USS Ouellet (FF-1077) near Hawaii during "FleetEx 85-1"
exercises in the Pacific, causing minor damage.

Pacific 10/29/84: The USS Roanoke (AOR-7) is grounded just
outside the entrance to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, after suffering a
steering casualty,but rides free eight hours later and returns
to port.

Atlantic 12/17/84: The USS Coral Sea (CV-43) suffers a minor
engine room fire during overhaul at Norfolk Naval Shipyard,
Virginia. The fire isextinguished in an hour with three men
injured and $6,000 damage to the vessel.

Pacific 12/31/84: In 1984 the USS Thomaston (LSD-28) has an
emergency drydocking to accomplish underwater hull repairs
sustained as a result of a grounding.

Pacific 12/31/84: In 1984 ship repair contractors in Sasebo,
Japan, accomplish $288,965 of repair work on the USS Darter
(SS-576) during an emergency 45-day drydocking to repair damages
following a collision.

Pacific 12/31/84: In 1984 the USS Sterett (CG-31) has an
emergency drydockingto repair the sonar dome rubber window,
replace the inflatable shaft boots, repack the rudder posts, and
do other various underwater hull work.

12/31/84: In 1984 the USS Tattnall (DDG-19) suffers a major

Pacific 12/31/84: In 1984 the USS Beaufort (ATS-2) receives
underwater hull, shafting, and controllable pitch propeller
repairs for damage sustained as a result of a grounding.

12/31/84: In 1984 the USS Ranger (CV-61) suffers two major

Indian 02/05/85: The USS Ingersoll (DD-990) suffers a casualty
to the port oil distribution box, requiring the ship to leave
its battle groupin the Indian Ocean.

Atlantic 04/11/85: The USS Coral Sea (CV-43) collides with the
Ecuadorean tanker Napo during air operations 45 miles southwest
of Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. A 30-foot hole in the carrier's bow is
punched in,and some radar and communications equipment
isdamaged.  The Coral Sea returns to drydock in Norfolk
NavalShipyard, Virginia. Eleven aircraft airborne at the time of
theaccident are diverted to Guantanamo Bay. The Napo is
holedabove the waterline and spills 7,600 barrels of oilbefore
reaching Guantanamo for repairs. A formal investigationlater
blames the Commanding Officer of the Coral Sea for theincident,
saying he "used poor judgment in electing to be absent from the
bridge during the entire launch andrecovery cycle ... with a
Soviet vessel within 1,500 yards and with other vessels well
within" the closest point of approach limits the captain had

Atlantic 06/10/85: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered ballistic
missile submarine HMS Resolution is struck by the U.S. yacht
Proud Mary off Cape Canaveral, Florida, in the early morning.
The submarine suffers minor damage, but the yacht has to be
towed back to port.The Resolution on its way to test-fire one of
her Polaris missiles on the U.S. Navy's Atlantic Test Range
after undergoing amajor refit in Rosyth naval shipyard,

Atlantic 07/22/85: A dive team embarks on board the USS Powhatan
(T-ATF-166) todebeach the USS Boulder (LST-1190) in Chesapeake

Atlantic 08/05/85: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal
is blown fromits berth at Portland, U.K., by 50-mile-per-hour
winds. No damage is done and two Navy tugs move the ship back
into place.

Pacific 09/01/85: In the Pacific, an H-46 helicopter crashes on
board the USS Fife (DD-991) and slips off the deck, but is
somehow held to theside by the Fife's crew. Nearby vessels
provide assistanceand no injuries occur.

Pacific 09/01/85: In September the USS Darter (SS-576) collides
with a Bahamanian merchant ship about 10 kilometers off Pusan,
South Korea. The U.S. Navy says there were no injuries.

Atlantic 09/25/85: The Soviet military training auxiliary ship
Khasan collideswith the Turkish fast attack craft Meltem in the
Bosporus, slicing it in two. There is thick fog at the time of
the collision.

Atlantic 10/15/85: The USS Estocin (FFG-15) runs aground near
Key West, Florida.

Pacific 10/24/85: The USS Swordfish (SSN-579) suffers a
propulsion casualty while operating as part of the U.S. Pacific

Atlantic 10/31/85: A Soviet minesweeper collides with a Swedish
spy ship in the Baltic Sea.

Pacific 11/02/85: The USS Enterprise (CVN-65) is grounded on
Bishop's Rock shoal about 100 miles west of San Diego,
California. Reports say the Enterprise sustains a 60-foot gash
in the outer hull anddamages one propeller. The aircraft
carriercontinues planned operations, taking part in the "ReadiEx
86-1"exercise before going into drydock on 27 November.

Atlantic 11/04/85: The USS Caloosahatchee (AO-98) grounds on the
Elizabeth River near Norfolk, Virginia, taking two days to

11/17/85: The CH-46 vertical replenishment helicopter of the USS
San Diego (AFS-6) crashes into a parked Marine Corps helicopter
on board the USS Iwo Jima (LPH-2) during a night replenishment,
killing one and injuring four personnel.

Atlantic 11/25/85: The USS W.S. Sims (FF-1059) and USS
Moosbrugger (DD-980)collide at sea in the Guantanamo Bay, Cuba,
operating area.

Pacific 12/10/85: The USS Lockwood (FF-1064) collides with the
Philippine merchant ship Santo Nino while crossing the Uraga
Suido outboundof traffic lanes at the entrance to Tokyo Bay,
Japan. Damage includes a hole 15-feet wide and 12-feet
deeprunning 25 feet down the starboard side, with three crew
injuries. The Santo Nino suffers damage above the waterline.

Atlantic 12/31/85: In 1985 the USS Forrestal (CV-59) is
discovered to have a reduction gear problem unrelated to its
Service Life Extension Program overhaul work (which finished 20
May). The defect forced the ship to return to her homeport of
Mayport,Florida, with one propeller trailing to undergo repairs
later inthe year.

Atlantic 12/31/85: The USS Narwhal (SSN-671) drifts for several
hours in PalmaBay, Palma Majorca, Spain, after its mooring cable
breaks on NewYear's Eve.

Pacific 01/13/86: A Japanese maritime patrol aircraft spots a
Soviet Echo II classnuclear-powered cruise missile submarine
under tow by a Sovietsalvage ship about 280 miles northwest of
Okinawa in the East China Sea, heading northward. The
submarineevidently suffered a propulsion casualty.

Pacific 01/29/86: The USS Ingersoll (DD-990) makes a heavy
landing against theCanadian tug Provider at Esquimalt, British
Columbia. Responsibility is charged to an inexperienced tug
operator and to brisk winds. Damage to both vessels isminimal.

Pacific 02/10/86: The USS Willamette (AO-180) collides with the
USS Jason(AR-8) 75 miles southwest of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii,
during a formation steaming exercise, killing one and injuring
eight. The collision smashes the Willamette'sstarboard bow from
the rail to below the waterline. A large vertical rupture from
deck to waterline on the port side of the Jason forces the ship
to be towed back to port.

Atlantic 03/13/86: The USS Nathanael Greene (SSBN-636) runs
aground in the Irish Sea, suffering external damage to its
ballast tanks and rudder. A spokesman for the U.S. Navy says
"There was no effect on the propulsion, no injuries and no
damage to thePoseidon nuclear missiles." The submarine initially
sails to Holy Loch, Scotland, under its own power for emergency
repairs. It then leaves Scotland on 25 April and travels
submerged to Charleston, South Carolina. The extent of thedamage
subsequently leads to a decision to decommission the vessel,
partly in order to satisfy SALT II limitations.

Pacific 03/22/86: The USS Secota (YTM-415) loses power and
collides with the stern planes of the Trident submarine USS
Georgia (SSBN-729)off Midway Island in the Pacific and sinks,
just after completing a personnel transfer. Ten crew are
rescued, but two drown.The Georgia is undamaged.

Pacific 03/23/86: The USS Midway (CV-41) collides with a South
Korean fishingboat in the Yellow Sea, damaging the boat but
leaving the carrier unscathed.

Atlantic 04/04/86: The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS
Illustrious suffers an explosion and severe gearbox fire,
costing some four million pounds sterling in repairs.

Pacific 04/04/86: The USS William H. Standley (CG-32) suffers a
main space fire in its Number 1 engine room during "Readiex
86-3" exercises, causing minor damage and no injuries. The
Standley continuesoperations.

Atlantic 04/29/86: The USS Atlanta (SSN-712) runs aground in the
Strait of Gibraltar, damaging sonar gear and puncturing a
ballast tank in thebow section. Navy officials stress that no
radiation leaked from the nuclear reactor and no crewmembers
were injured.  The vessel limps to Gibraltar for repairs, with
water entering through holes in the ballast tank.

Atlantic 05/14/86: The Soviet Navy logistic support ship
Berezina collides withthe Soviet ship Capitan Soroka while
proceeding into the Mediterranean near Istanbul, Turkey. The
Berezina receives abreached hull to the waterline on the port

Pacific 07/02/86: The USS Roanoke (AOR-7) collides with the
Liberian oil tanker Mint Prosperity while steaming into Long
Beach, California, in low visibility. The Roanoke sustains only
minor damageto its bow and enters Naval Station Long Beach
underits own power.

07/29/86: A inquiry begins into a recent boiler fire aboard the
Royal Navyfrigate HMS Plymouth which killed one.

Atlantic 07/30/86: A U.S. Navy Sidewinder air-to-air missile
hits the 30,000-ton tanker Western Sun carrying 26,000 barrels
of oil 60 miles east of Norfolk, Virginia, leaving a reported
two-to-three foot gash in the ship's superstructure. Onereport
says the impact started several small fires. The Navy states
that it was an inert missile used by an F-14 Tomcat fighterin an
exercise within a designated warning area, and that a notice to
ships of the exercise had been senton 24 July.

Pacific 07/31/86: In late July the USS Guitarro (SSN-665)
reportedly suffers aminor mishap involving a shipboard valve
while at sea. In response to inquiries the Navy says no serious
equipment or safety problems occurred aboard the Guitarro.

Atlantic 08/13/86: The USS Inchon (LPH-12) suffers a casualty to
the ship's evaporators while underway for Moorehead City, North
Carolina, causing the ship to return to Norfolk, Virginia, for
two days of repairs.

Pacific 08/16/86: A freak wave crashes over the USS Carl Vinson
(CVN-70) injuring one man and sweeping seven others into the
Pacific Ocean. They were quickly rescued.

Atlantic 09/09/86: A CH-46 Sea Knight helicopter crashes into a
CH-53 Sea Stallionhelicopter on the flight deck of the USS
Saipan (LHA-2) while operating off northern Norway during
"Northern Wedding" exercises. The Sea Knight flips into the
water,killing nine.

Atlantic 09/22/86: The USS Yellowstone (AD-41) collides with the
USS Truckee (T-AO-147) during underway replenishment off
Virginia. The Truckee has minor superstructure damage, while the
Yellowstone sustains a two-foot gash in the hull on the

Atlantic 10/03/86: A Soviet Yankee I class nuclear-powered
ballistic missile submarine suffers an explosion and fire in one
of its missile tubes 480 miles east of Bermuda, killing at least
three. General Secretary Gorbachev sends President Reagan a
privatecommunication regarding the accident in advance of the
public announcement on 4 October, assuring him that there was no
danger of nuclear explosion, radioactive contamination, or
accidental launching of nuclear missiles. U.S. forcessample the
air and water around the submarine and detect no radioactivity.
The submarine sinks under tow on 6 October in 18,000feet of
water about 600 miles northeast of Bermuda. U.S. sources said
that theexplosion probably originated in the liquid fuel of one
of the missiles.

Atlantic 10/31/86: In late October the USS Augusta (SSN-710) is
damaged in an undersea collision while on a routine training
patrol in the Atlantic. No crew members are injured and the
submarine returns toGroton, Connecticut, for $2.7 million worth
of repairs byyear's end. Reportedly, according to unnamed U.S.
Defense Department sources, it is unclear whether the submarine
struck the ocean floor or an underwater object, but there was no
risk of thesubmarine sinking or danger to the nuclear reactor.
ADefense Department spokesman refuses to comment on a CBS news
report that the submarine "very possibly" collided with a

Pacific 11/03/86: The USS Towers (DDG-9) hits the wharf in the
Port of Cairnsin northern Queensland, Australia, damaging the

Atlantic 12/31/86: During Fiscal Year 1986 the USS William V.
Pratt (DDG-44) runs aground while going from Naval Station
Charleston, South Carolina, to Naval Weapons Station Charleston,
South Carolina, causing $1.3 million damage to her sonar domes.

Arctic 01/01/87: Sometime in the first half of January the Royal
Navy nuclear-powered attack submarine HMS Splendid loses its
towed array sonar system during a close encounter with a Soviet
submarine in the Barents Sea off Murmansk. Reportedly
thesubmarine was a Soviet Typhoon class nuclear-powered
ballistic missile submarine. It is unclear whether the Soviet
submarine severed the Splendid's tow-line accidentally or
deliberately in an effort to obtain the sensitivetechnology. The
submarine returns to Devonport, U.K., on 31 January.

Pacific 01/13/87: The USS Berkeley (DDG-15) suffers a casualty
to the forwardsonar dome pressurization system, forcing the ship
to reduce speed to 10 knots in heavy seas, and necessitating an
unexpected stop in Guam to ascertain the level of damageand make
temporary repairs.

Pacific 01/14/87: The USS William H. Standley (CG-32) sustains
minor damage when several ammunition barges which had been
secured alongside begin to break loose and pound the sides of
the ship in heavy winds and high seas while the ship is anchored
inSan Francisco Bay, California. The barges are promptly
secured,preventing significant damage or their becoming adrift
in a crowded waterway.

01/22/87: The USS Ogden (LPD-5) suffers a Class Charlie fire.

Atlantic 02/18/87: The Irish trawler Summer Morn is dragged
backward for 10 to20 miles for two and one half hours by a U.S.
nuclear-powered submarine before it cuts its nets to free the
submarine about 14 miles northwest of the Isle of Man in the
Irish Sea. Thetrawler hauls in a submarine communications buoy
stuck in its nets. The U.S. Defense Department confirms the
submarine was American, but declines to say which submarine it

Atlantic 04/07/87: Two sailors are swept from the deck of the
USS Ulysses S. Grant (SSBN-631) in rough seas three miles
outside of the Portsmouth, New Hampshire, harbor; one is rescued
but is pronounced deadand the other is lost at sea.

Atlantic 04/21/87: The USS Richard L. Page (FFG-5) collides with
and sinks thedisabled fishing vessel Chickadee, which was under
tow by another fishing boat, during a high-speed run in heavy
fog off Virginia. The incident leads to calls for more drug
testing ofsailors, though no use on the Richard L. Page is ever

Atlantic 04/25/87: The USS Daniel Boone (SSBN-629) goes aground
in the St. James River at Newport News, Virginia, during sea
trials following a$115 million dollar overhaul. The grounding
delays the ship'sreturn to service.

Atlantic 04/29/87: The USS LaMoure County (LST-1194) collides
with the USS Hermitage (LSD-34) about 300 miles off the Georgia
coast while the ships are practicing a resupply exercise. The
Hermitagesustains a five-foot hole in its bow stem above
thewaterline while the LaMoure County sustains superficial
damage to its left side. The commanding officer of the LaMoure
County is relieved pending an investigation of the accident.

05/27/87: The USS Belleau Wood (LHA-3) suffers casualties to
both boilers' super heater tubes.

Atlantic 06/03/87: The USS Patterson (FF-1061) returns to sea
after suffering several small fires from efforts to restart a
faulty generator while the ship is conducting drills in the
Caribbean. The ship was towed to the Roosevelt Roadsnaval
station, Puerto Rico, for one day of repairs. There wereno
injuries and no damage to the ship.

Atlantic 06/15/87: The West German supply vessel Neckar is
struck by 46 mm anti-missile and anti-ship gun shells reportedly
fired from a Polishvessel while observing a Warsaw Pact exercise
in the Bay of Gdansk, about 375 miles east of Kiel. Fourshells
strike the Neckar's starboard side and one lodges near its rear
engine room. The ship springs a leak and fire breaksout, but
damage is only minor. A West German Defense Ministryspokesman
says "there are indications pointingto technical or human
failure... There is no reason to think itwas done deliberately."

Pacific 06/25/87: The Royal Australian Navy ship Parramatta hits
the wharf atthe Port of Cairns, northern Queensland, Australia,
damaging thewharf.

Pacific 06/30/87: In late June or early July, the Trident
submarine USS Nevada(SSBN-733) suffers a breakdown while
conducting routine operations following the improper
installation of a power transmissiongear during a recent
February to April maintenance stop at theNewport News shipyard,
Virginia. The damage is estimated at several million dollars,
and causes the Nevada to cancel a special call at its new home
port of Bangor, Washington. In response to queries the Navy says
"The safety of theship and crew was never an issue and the ship
is continuing itsoperations."

Pacific 07/27/87: U.S. Navy planes conducting bombing practice
at night near Okinawa hit the Malaysain freighter Pomex Saga,
injuring one.

Pacific 08/15/87: The Royal Australian Navy convenes a board of
inquiry to discover why the diesel submarine Otama submerged
during exercisesoff New South Wales, Australia, while two
submariners were working outside the pressure hull. Both men
were killed.

Atlantic 08/26/87: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Conqueror suffers a fire while at Devonport, U.K.,
for a four-month overhaul, damaging its engine room. The British
Navy stresses thatthe fire was far from the submarine's

Atlantic 10/01/87: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered ballistic
missile submarine HMS Renown suffers a leak of reactor coolant
during tests in thereactor compartment while at the Rosyth naval
base, Scotland, for a refit. The Navy says it was a minor
incident, "withoutany radiation hazard."

Atlantic 11/09/87: The Irish County Down trawler Angary is
pulled along for a few seconds until its tackle snaps off at
deck level, breaking asteel chain tested at 32 tons of stress,
and disappears withouta trace about 17 miles north of the Isle
ofMan in the Irish Sea. The fishermen suspect a submarine is
responsible, but the U.K. Ministry of Defense says no British
submarine was operating in the vicinity.

Atlantic 12/01/87: In December the West German Navy destroyer
Moelders suffersa major fire while in the English Channel,
returning from the Mediterranean. The fire originates in the
galley and produces heavy, poisonous smoke which spreads
throughvents and cable conduits to a number of decks and
compartments.It burns for several hours before being brought
under control with the assistance of the frigate Niedersachsen
which then tows the ship to its homeport ofWilhelmshaven.

Atlantic 01/26/88: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered ballistic
missile submarine HMS Resolution suffers an electrical
malfunction while docked inFaslane, Scotland. The Observer
newspaper claims that themalfunction shuts down the
primarycoolant pumps, almost leading to a core meltdown. And,
that a crew member who was exposed to radiation had to be
scrubbed downfor 24 hours. The Ministry of Defense denies these
stories, saying the submarine suffered a "minorelectrical
malfunction;" those that said the submarine's reactorcould have
melted down didn't know what they "are talking about;" and there
had been "absolutely no danger to the crew or the general

Atlantic 02/12/88: The USS Yorktown (CG-48) and USS Caron
(DD-970) are bumped by a Soviet destroyer and frigate,
respectively, nine miles off the coast of the Crimean Peninsula
in the Black Sea. The action came after the two U.S. ships
entered the Soviet's 12-mileterritorial water limit.

Atlantic 03/06/88: A West German diesel submarine collides with
a Norwegian oil platform in the North Sea while taking part in
an antisubmarine warfare exercise. The submarine collided with
the anchor chain ofthe oil rig Oseberg B, and while trying get
loosestruck the rig at 30 meters. The submarine manages to
surface in about an hour and proceeds to Bergen, Norway, for
inspection and repair.

Atlantic 04/24/88: The USS Bonefish (SS-582) suffers explosions
and fire in itsbattery compartment during operations with the
USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) and the USS Carr (FFG-52) in the
Caribbean,killing three. Submarine experts say that the
mostlikely cause was the accumulation of hydrogen gas while the
batteries were being recharged, which probably was ignited by a

Pacific 04/29/88: The USS Sam Houston (SSN-609) runs aground in
Carr Inlet offthe southeast tip of Fox Island in Puget Sound,
Washington, while operating in shallow water to determine how
quiet the vesselis in water. The submarine is freed the nextday
by four tugs and the USS Florikan (ASR-9) while the submarine's
142-man crew remains aboard. The submarine suffers minor damage
to exterior hull equipment.

Atlantic 05/17/88: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Conqueror suffers a fire while docked in
Gibraltar.  The flames are quickly put out and do not affect the
nuclear reactor.

Atlantic 06/01/88: In the first week of June the Royal Navy
nuclear-powered attacksubmarine HMS Conqueror is accidentally
hit by an unarmed training torpedo dropped by an antisubmarine
warfare helicopter during exercises off the west coast
ofScotland. The deck plating of the submarine is bent on impact
and the submarine proceeds to the Faslane submarine base,
Scotland, for repairs.

Atlantic 06/18/88: In mid-June the trawler Strantail has its
nets torn to shreds by a submarine 18 miles north of Tory
Island, Ireland. The submarine which bore no identification
markings surfaced near thetrawler and cleared itself of the
remnantsof the nets.

Atlantic 07/02/88: The Royal Navy nuclear-powered attack
submarine HMS Courageous collides with and sinks the privately
charted yacht Dalriada at night in the North Channel of the
Irish Sea.The four persons on board the yacht are rescued by the
Royal Navy frigate HMS Battleaxe 35 minutes later.

Atlantic 07/16/88: The 78-foot racing yacht Drum collides with
the partially surfaced Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Otus in
the middle ofthe night as it makes its way around the Mull of
Kintyre off the west coast of Scotland. The Drum suffers
aserious gash on the port side, but is able to make it to
Crinan,Scotland, at reduced speed. The Otus comes on the radio
20minutes after the incident offering assistance.

Indian 07/17/88: A French navy Super Etendard fighter crashes
into the French aircraft carrier Clemenceau during a night
landing off of Djibouti, killing the pilot.

Pacific 07/23/88: The Japanese Defense Force diesel submarine
Nadashio collides with the Japanese sport fishing boat Fuji Maru
in Tokyo Bay, sinking the boat, killing 30 and causing a
political furor over the submarine's lack of efforts to
savedrowning seamen.

Pacific 08/02/88: The USS Constellation (CV-64) suffers an
engine room fire which forces the carrier to cancel scheduled
operations and returnto port in San Diego, California. The fire,
believed caused bya fuel oil leak, begins with an explosion
inone of the ship's four engine rooms around noon and is finally
extinguished about nine hours later after several subsequent
explosions caused by heat from the initial fire. Twenty sailors
suffer burns, bruises, and smokeinhalation.

Pacific 08/28/88: A Japanese freighter collides with a Peruvian
navy diesel submarine off Peru, sinking the submarine and
killing seven.

Atlantic 08/29/88: The USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69)
collides with an anchored coal ship in Hampton Roads, Virginia,
while entering the harbor to dock at Norfolk Naval Station, when
wind and current pushthe carrier off course. Damage is minor
toboth ships.

Indian 09/01/88: In September the Royal Navy destroyer HMS
Southhampton collides with the container vessel Torbay 70
kilometers north ofthe United Arab Emirates, injuring three
aboard the destroyer.

Pacific 09/03/88: The USS Berkeley (DDG-15) strikes the civilian
tour boat Coralita while trying to dock in Cairns Harbor,
northern Queensland, Australia, causing considerable internal
damage to the Coralita.

Atlantic 09/12/88: The Royal Navy frigate HMS Penelope collides
with the Canadian naval support ship Preserver while
participating in the NATO "Teamwork 88" exercise, suffering
considerable damage.

Atlantic 09/12/88: The USS Boulder (LST-1190) runs aground off
Norway during the NATO "Teamwork 88" exercise due to bad weather
or uncharted underwater obstructions, causing some major scrapes
and tears in the bottom of the hull.

Atlantic 09/15/88: In mid September a Canadian naval ship goes
aground off Norway during the NATO "Teamwork 88" exercise due to
bad weather or uncharted underwater obstructions.

Atlantic 09/15/88: In mid September a Belgian naval ship goes
aground off Norway during the NATO "Teamwork 88" exercise due to
bad weather or uncharted underwater obstructions.

Atlantic 09/22/88: An Exocet missile accidentally drops from the
Royal Navy fleet auxiliary ship HMS Regent onto a barge as it is
being unloaded in Plymouth Sound, U.K., almost hitting two men
in the barge.

Atlantic 10/23/88: The USS Hayler (DD-997) collides with the
West German Navy replenishment tanker Rhon while exercising in
the North Sea.Both vessels take on water. The Hayler receives a
gash onher starboard side and proceeds to Rosyth,Scotland, for
emergency repairs.

Arctic 11/01/88: In November, according to a Soviet press
account, the Soviet nuclear-powered icebreaker Rossia almost
suffers a nuclear reactor meltdown when cooling fluid is
accidentally released while the ship is in Murmansk. Emergency
proceduresprevent the core from overheating, averting a possible
major accident.

Pacific 11/09/88: The USS Towers (DDG-9) narrowly misses a
Japanese helicopterpatrol boat with a volley of exercise shells,
while exercisingoff the Boso Peninsula southeast of Tokyo Bay,
resulting in a political incident with theJapanese.

Indian 11/30/88: A 20 mm cannon on an A-7 Corsair aircraft
accidentally fires during maintenance setting six other aircraft
ablaze aboard the USSNimitz (CVN-68), operating in the Arabian
Sea, killing one.The Nimitz continuesoperations.

Atlantic 12/06/88: The Royal Navy diesel submarine HMS Ocelot is
reported to return to the Clyde, Scotland, with a forward sonar
dome ripped open. The Ministry of Defense denies the tearing is
caused by a fishing trawl or cable, saying itwas done by wave

Pacific 12/11/88: A U.S. F/A-18 Hornet aircraft from the USS
Constellation (CV-64) accidentally strikes an Indian merchant
ship with a unarmedHarpoon missile during training operations
about 200 miles northwest of Honolulu, Hawaii, killing one.
Themissile confused a target hulk with the merchant ship which
wasin the exercise area.

Atlantic 01/03/89: The USS Will Rogers (SSBN-659) surfaces under
the U.K. fishing vessel New Dawn in the Firth of Clyde off the
coast of Scotland. The New Dawn sustains major damage to her
hull. Noinjuries are reported.

Atlantic 01/17/89: The USS Norfolk (SSN-714) collides with the
USS San Diego (AFS-6) on the surface near the Chesapeake Bay
Bridge-Tunnel near Norfolk, Virginia, as both ships are heading
out to sea, causing minor damage and no injuries.

Pacific 01/18/89: Accidental discharge of a fire fighting foam
system during routine maintenance aboard the USS Belleau Wood
(LHA-3) injures six crew members while the ship is operating in
the mid-Pacific Ocean during a six month deployment.

Atlantic 01/25/89: The USS Spruance (DD-963) runs aground near
Andros Island inthe Bahamas while fighting heavy winds. No
injuries are reported but the ship requires $1.4 million in

Atlantic 01/27/89: The Royal Netherlands Navy diesel submarine
Zeeleeuw collides with a buoy while departing the Den Helder
Naval Base in the Netherlands. The vessel had been involved in
sea trials.

Atlantic 01/30/89: A sailor aboard the USS Detroit (AOE-4) is
scalded to deathwhen steam is accidentally sent into a boiler he
was sent to clean. The ship is docked at the Norfolk Naval
Station, Virginia.

Atlantic 04/04/89: The Danish fishing boat Christin-Michelle is
nearly overturned by a submarine ensnared in its trawl. The
submarine, which does not offer assistance, is presumed to be a
Soviet Whiskey class diesel-powered attack submarine seen
opperating south-southeast of Bornholm off the coast of Denmark.

Arctic 04/07/89: A Soviet Mike class nuclear-powered attack
submarine sinks in 8,400 feet of water 270 miles north of the
Norwegian coast after afire onboard could not be contained.
Forty-two crewmembers arekilled. Also lost are the submarine's
single nuclear reactor and two nuclear-armed torpedoes.

Atlantic 04/11/89: Two Syrian helicopters mistakenly attack a
Soviet naval diving tender being towed by a Soviet tugboat with
anti-tank missiles some 37 miles from the Syrian port of Tartus.
Seven sailors are injured.

Atlantic 04/17/89: The British fishing vessel Laurel is forced
to cut her fishing nets after being towed by an unidentified
U.S.  nuclear-powered submarine for 15 minutes in the Irish Sea
off the coast of theIsle of Man.

Atlantic 04/19/89: An explosion in the number two gun turret
kills 47 sailors aboard the USS Iowa (BB-61) during gunnery
practice off the coastof Puerto Rico.

Atlantic 04/19/89: The USS Trippe (FF-1075) and the USS Platte
(AO-186) collide during fleet exercises in the Atlantic, 500
miles east of Jacksonville, Florida. One minor injury is
reported and the Platte sustains minor damages.

Pacific 05/01/89: A wave washes three sailors from the deck of
the USS Barbel(SS-580) as it conducts surface operations off the
coast of theJapanese island of Kyushu. Two of the sailors drown
and the third is rescued.

Pacific 05/01/89: In May, a broken valve causes the USS Houston
(SSN-713) to plunge nose down.

Pacific 05/09/89: Fire in the engine room of the USS White
Plains (AFS-4) kills six sailors and injures five others while
the ship is opperating about 100 miles east of Hong Kong in the
South China Sea. The ship is towed to Subic Bay, Philippines,
for repairs.

Atlantic 05/13/89: A fire in the pump room of the USS America
(CV-66) kills twosailors and causes minor damage while the ship
is in the mid-Atlantic en route to the Mediterranean for a
six-month deployment.

Pacific 05/17/89: The USS Helena (SSN-725) is towed nearly 1,000
miles from Midway Island to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, after its
reduction gear fails, rendering its propeller inoperable.

Pacific 05/19/89: Helicopters from the USS Belleau Wood (LHA-3)
and the USS Duluth (LPD-6) are used to rescue fifty-two
personnel thrown into the water when bad weather conditions
cause their boats to overturn during the amphibious exercise
"Valiant Usher '89" near Shoalwater Bay, Queensland, Australia.
One U.S. Marine is drowned and two others are injured.

Pacific 05/23/89: The USS Gurnard (SSN-662) runs aground off the
California coast near San Diego while submerged during a routine
training mission. No injuries or damages are reported.

Atlantic 05/24/89: The French Navy diesel submarine La Praya is
caught in the nets of a Norwegian fishing vessel in the North
Sea off the Shetland Islands. The trawler severs its nets to
free the submarine.

Pacific 05/25/89: Fire aboard the USS Blueback (SS-581) forces
it to surface during training exercises off the coast of
southern California. No injuries are reported and damage appears

Pacific 06/01/89: The Canadian naval destroyer Kootenay collides
with the Danish freighter Nordpol while steaming with its radar
off during a Canadian/U.S. anti-submarine warfare exercise about
28 milesnorthwest of Cape Flattery, Washington.Both ships
sustained damage above the waterline and three Kootenay
crewmembers were injured.

Pacific 06/14/89: The USS Houston (SSN-713) accidentally snags a
tow cable andsinks the tugboat Barcona southwest of Long Beach,
California. One tugboat crewmember is drowned. The Houston is in
the area for the filming of the movie "The Hunt for RedOctober."

Atlantic 06/15/89: In mid-June a leak forces the Royal Navy
diesel submarine Otus to surface off the coast of Madeira,

Pacific 06/15/89: In mid-June a fire aboard the USS Pelileu
(LHA-5) at Long Beach, California injures 14 and causes minor

Pacific 06/16/89: The USS Houston (SSN-713), en route to San
Diego, Californiaafter participating in the filming of the "Hunt
for Red October", becomes entangled in the net of the fishing
boat Fortuna.No injuries are reported and damage to the net is
estimated at $2,000.

Arctic 06/26/89: A Soviet Echo II class nuclear-powered
submarine surfaces in theNorwegian Sea billowing smoke after a
leak in the pipes leadingto its reactor's secondary cooling
system forces the reactor tobe shut down. It is later revealed
that some crewmembers weretreated for radiation exposure and
that measurable amounts of radiation were released.

Atlantic 06/28/89: An unknown Royal Navy submarine is involved
in an incident withthe fishing vessel Huntress in the Clyde area
of the Irish Sea.

Atlantic 06/28/89: The USS Bainbridge (CGN-25) runs aground off
the Dutch coastafter calling at the port of Den Helder.

Atlantic 07/01/89: In early July the Royal Navy diesel submarine
Upholderexperiences a power failure and plunges several hundred
feet while submerged off the west coast of Scotland during sea

Pacific 07/01/89: In July, a flooding incident aboard the USS
Houston (SSN-713) results in eight crewmembers being reassigned
for psychological reasons.

Arctic 07/16/89: A Soviet Alpha class nuclear-powered attack
submarine is spottedon the surface billowing smoke from its
observation tower off the coast of Norway in the Barents Sea.
According to the Sovietsthe smoke was exhaust from the ship's
diesel engines. The shipwas on a combat training mission and was
shifting its power load to a battery when "one of the cells was

Indian 07/26/89: A sailor on the USS Conolly (DD-979) is lost
after falling overboard as the ship patrols in the Persian Gulf.

Atlantic 07/27/89: About 330 gallons of coolant water from the
USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) spills into the James River while
the ship is docked at Newport News, Virginia. A shipyard
spokesperson terms theamount of radioactivity released as

Pacific 08/01/89: In August, a small fire is reported aboard the
USS Houston (SSN-713).

Atlantic 08/05/89: A fire breaks out in an electric motor aboard
the Royal Navy nuclear-powered submarine Valiant while in port
at the Faslanesubmarine base on the River Clyde in southwest
Scotland. Thereare no reported injuries and a Defense Ministry
spokesperson says the fire posed no danger to the submarine's
nuclear reactor.

Arctic 08/12/89: A Soviet Foxtrot class diesel-powered submarine
catches the netsof a Norwegian fishing trawler southeast of Bear
Island in international waters in the Norwegian sea. Five
submarine crewmembers try to cut the submarine free using a
blow-torchbut the torch's connecting hoses are too short, and so
instead they use axes and sledgehammers to free their vessel.
The trawler's uninsured net valued at $70,000 was lost.

Atlantic 08/18/89: Five sailors are tossed overboard while being
lowered from the USS Saratoga (CV-60) during a man-overboard
drill 70 miles off the coast of Jacksonville, Florida. No
injuries are reported.

Atlantic 08/22/89: A huge aircraft elevator carrying dozens of
visitors touring theUSS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) fails, injuring
as many as 20 people, while the ship is holding an open house
while docked at Port Everglades, Florida. A hydraulic line on
the elevatorbroke, spraying fluid and causing the elevator to
drop slightlyand come to a sudden stop.

Pacific 09/01/89: In September, an incident with a torpedo is
reported aboard theUSS Houston (SSN-713).

Atlantic 09/12/89: A Royal Navy Resolution class nuclear-powered
ballistic missilesubmarine loses a very low frequency (VLF)
communications buoy,when the buoy snags the nets of the fishing
vessel Contesterin the Irish Sea 25 nautical miles north east of
Dublin,Ireland. The submarine, which had been trailing the buoy
whilesubmerged,came to periscope depth after the incident to
check for damage. According to a U.K. Ministry of Defense
spokesperson,the buoy's towing wire parted almost immediately
and thesubmarine sustained no damage. Irish reports, however,
say theContester was dragged backwards for about a mile at a
speedof two knots before it broke free. It pulled in the buoy
when it winched in its nets.

Atlantic 09/12/89: Two sailors from the USS Kalamazoo (AOR-6)
are lost in the Atlantic when they are washed overboard while
working on the maindeck.

Atlantic 09/22/89: The USS Narwhal (SSN-671) sustains minor
damage during Hurricane Hugo while submerged at the Charleston
Naval Base, South Carolina. The ship was moored with nine double
wires and two three-inch ship's lines, all but one of which were
ripped looseduring the first half of the storm. During the eye
of the storm, the captain discovered the submarine had drifted
to the centerof the Cooper River.  Tugboats and the Narwhal crew
unsuccessfully tried to move the submarine back to the pier.As
the storm began again, the captain submerged the submarine inthe
river and the Narwhal rode out the remainder of the hurricane
with only part of its conning tower exposed.

Atlantic 09/22/89: A Soviet guided missile destroyer conducting
gunnery exercises in the Mediterranean south of Crete
accidentally fires a shell which passes in front of a U.S. P-3
Orion surveillance plane and explodes, creating a turbulence
which jolts the aircraft.No injuries are reported, and the
Soviets issue an apology.

Atlantic 09/29/89: The newly-commissioned USS Pennsylvania
(SSBN-735) runs aground as it enters the channel during its
first visit to Port Canaveral, Florida. Tugboats free the
submarine in about two hours,and a Navy spokesperson says, "As
far as we know, it's fine."Port Canaveral is a public dock
facility adjacent to the Navy complex where submarines are
loaded with missiles for test firingsoff Cape Canaveral.

Atlantic 10/06/89: A Navy F-14 Tomcat jet crashes into a fire
wall aboard the USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67), catching fire and
plunging into thesea. The two crewmembers are able to eject
safely. The ship ison training exercises in the Atlantic off the
coast of Norfolk, Virginia.

Atlantic 10/09/89: An electrical fire in the forward elevator
machinery room on theUSS Forrestal (CV-59) injures nine sailors
while the ship is in dock at the Mayport Naval Station, Florida.

Atlantic 10/11/89: The USS EL Paso (LKA-177) accidentally hits
the USS Iwo Jima (LPH-2) with rounds from its Phalanx close-in
weapons system during gunnery practice 80 miles southeast of
Norfolk, Virginia. One man onboard the Iwo Jima is killed and
another isinjured. Damage is slight.

Pacific 10/17/89: A sailor is lost off the USS Downes (FF-1070)
after fallingoverboard while the ship is on exercises off Japan.

Atlantic 10/20/89: Towards the end of October the Royal Navy
mine sweeper Brecon runs aground on the Isle of Arran off the
western coast of Scotland during exercises.

Atlantic 10/29/89: A pilot making his first touch-and-go attempt
aboard the USS Lexington (AVT-16) crashes onto the flight deck,
killing five and injuring 19 crewmembers, while the ship is on
training maneuvers in the Gulf of Mexico.

Indian 10/30/89: A F/A-18 Hornet aircraft from the USS Midway
(CV-41) mistakenly drops a 500-pound bomb on the deck of the USS
Reeves (CG-24), during training exercises in the Indian Ocean 32
miles south of Diego Garcia, creating a five-foot hole in
thebow, sparking a small fire, and injuring five sailors.

Atlantic 10/31/89: A wave sweeps three sailors and 38
non-nuclear missiles from theUSS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69)
during night-time cargo loading about 90 miles southeast of Cape
Hatteras, North Carolina. One sailor is drowned and two are

Pacific 10/31/89: A sailor is lost in the Pacific about 620
miles north of Wake Island after being washed overboard from the
USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70).

Pacific 11/01/89: The U.S. fishing trawler Recruit is towed
astern by a submarine caught in its nets 28 miles west of the
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. The crew drops $20,000 worth of
equipment overboardto avoid being pulled under water.

Atlantic 11/01/89: Fire in the engine room of the USS
Monongahela (AO-178) offthe coast of Spain injures nine.

Pacific 11/01/89: In November, a navigation error aboard the USS
Houston (SSN-713) results in the loss of a sonar device.

Arctic 11/02/89: A Soviet Foxtrot class diesel-powered submarine
is caught in thenets of the Norwegian trawler T.O.  Senior in
the Barents Sea, 50 miles north east of Vardoe, Norway.  One
Soviet crewmemberis washed into the sea while trying to free the
submarine, andis rescued soon afterwards. Both the Norwegian
coastguard andthe Soviet trawler UUYP 1574 try unsuccessfully to
loosen the submarine, and the nets are eventually severed by the
rough sea.

Atlantic 11/08/89: A sailor aboard the USS Forrestal (CV-59) is
fatally injuredwhen a hatch falls on him.

Atlantic 11/09/89: The Norwegian diesel-powered submarine Utsira
is hit by a training torpedo during an exercise in the North Sea
and slightlydamaged.

Pacific 11/11/89: The USS Kinkaid (DD-965) collides with the
Singapore merchant ship Kota Petani in the Straight of Malacca,
killing one U.S. sailor and injuring four crewmembers. Fires
breaks out aboard both ships and the Kota Petani sustains major

Atlantic 11/13/89: An unknown Royal Navy submarine snags the
nets of the fishing vessel Scotia off the coast of Scotland and
drags the vessel backwards for two miles before breaking free.
The submarine surfaces and reports the incident and ensures that
the crew of theScotia are safe. The Scotia sustains damage to
its propeller as well as to its gear, and the submarine has
minor damage.

Atlantic 11/13/89: A fire on the USS Finback (SSN-670) forces
the vessel to cutshort sea trials and return to port in Norfolk,
Virginia. There are no reported injuries and damage is minor.

Atlantic 11/14/89: A fire in the hanger deck of the USS Inchon
(LPH-12) injures31 people while the ship is docked for
maintenance in Norfolk,Virginia.

Atlantic 12/12/89: The Canadian Navy destroyer Saguenay is
struck three times by the U.S. fishing vessel Concordia near
Halifax, Nova Scotia after it chased the vessel out of a
Canadian fishing zone. Damages to the Sagueney are slight.

00/00/00: Undated but after 1964 when it was commissioned -- The
USS Von Steuben (SSBN-632) suffers a reactor scram while the
dieselengine is disassembled for maintenance. Large amounts of
electricity are needed for areactor restart, and the battery is
exhausted without restartingthe reactor. The submarine wallows
on the surface for at leastseveral hours as the diesel motor is
reassembled by flashlight.

00/00/00: Undated but seemingly in the 1950s or early 1960s --
The USS Nautilus (SSN-571) suffers an involuntary reactor
shutdown which took 24 hours to overcome, during which she only
had steerageway on the surface with her diesel engines.